Advice 1: How to determine the end of the sacrament

The participle, like an adjective, answers the question "what?", "what?", "what?" and "what?" It leans, that is, changes on cases in exactly the same way as an adjective. Means and ends it is defined as an adjective.
How to determine the end of the sacrament
Instruction
1
Determine the kind of noun to which the participle. For example, Golubaya dal - feminine, the inserted window is neuter, met the old man?
Identify the nominative, which is a noun. The case is determined by the question. From GREEN OAK - what? oak, genitive. SMILING MOTHER with whom? with mom, the instrumental case.
2
Check the end of communion, based on the rule.
Communion is feminine in the genitive, dative, instrumental and prepositional plural nouns have the ending -Oh, her. In the nominative case ending -s, -ll. The accusative ending -th, -Yu.
Participle masculine and neuter in the genitive have the ending-wow-it. In the dative case, him. In by -passed them. In the prepositional -om, -em.
Nominative participles have neuter endings -th, -it, and participle masculine ending-iy, -yy, -Oh.
In the accusative case participles have neuter endings -th,it.
If the participle is masculine in the accusative case, the noun is defined, define its animacy. If it is animate, then the end of the communion -wow-it. If inanimate, the ending -iy, -yy.
3
Check your insights again.
To do this, ask a question defined from the noun to the participle. Determine which end the issue. Is the end and the sacrament.
Nominative case. The book is what? there, the sun what? - radiant, a house? built.
Genitive. Books what? -open, sun what? - shining, the house what? built.
Dative. The book of what? - open, sun what? radiant home what kind? built.
Accusative case. The book what? - the open, the sun what? - radiant, a house? built.
The instrumental case. Book what? - the open, the sun how? radiant house how? built.
Prepositional case. About the book what? - open, what about the sun? - shining, the house what? built.
Note
Final-XIA the participle suffix: played out, sprawling.
Useful advice
Not to be confused with the participles dependent and defined by words. The question ask only that you define.

Advice 2: How to determine the gender of a noun from

To determine the gender of a nouns, you must first define the word that answers the question who, what. It is a noun. In Russian language it can be masculine, feminine, and neuter.
How to determine the gender of a noun from
Instruction
1
Determine the noun gender by the ending or final consonant. Masculine words are in consonant and –y. For example, a house, a loaf. Feminine are nouns in –a, -I, -ia. For example, my cousin, my family. To the average family are nouns in –o, -e, -ie. For example, a window dress.
2
Let's see whether this noun is an exception. These include nouns ending in –s. Such nouns can be both feminine and masculine. So, the word dictionary refers to the masculine, and the word notebook to female.
3
Pay attention to the kind of animate nouns. It is nouns that denote living beings. Such words are either feminine or masculine. Exception – a child, an animal, which belong to the middle family. Have animate nouns identify the genus or natural gender of a human or animal, or the end of the noun. Elephant – noun masculine, APE – noun feminine.
4
Correctly identify the race of nouns denoting profession. They are male and female. The majority of nouns denoting profession, refers to the masculine: a doctor, an engineer, a teacher.
5
Pay special attention to the kind of the borrowed nouns. Nouns of foreign origin often have atypical for the Russian language the endings-and, -u, -Yu. Such nouns do not change neither the numbers, nor cases. To the masculine gender include masculine names and names of cities and Islands. Feminine refers to female names, names of rivers and names of Newspapers. To the average rod will take the names of inanimate objects.
Note
Nouns that end in a consonant and –y are always of the masculine gender.

Most feminine nouns of foreign origin end in –ia.
Nouns ending in affects –onok, -enok is always masculine.

Advice 3: How to identify the animate and the inanimate

The grammatical category animate / inanimate nouns expresses the opposition of the living beings and all other objects and phenomena of reality. These two digits are determined not only semantic issues, but also on the grammatical form of the accusative plural and accusative singular of nouns masculine.
How to identify the animate and the inanimate
You will need
  • - analyzed noun.
Instruction
1
Animate nouns are names of living beings – people and animals. Define the category of animation at the semantic question "who?". For example, girl, cat, pie. Note the hard-to-define options: (who?) dead puppet Queen.
2
When difficulties arise in determining the category of animation put the noun in the form of the accusative plural and genitive plural. If it coincides, then this is the animate noun. For example, (see) girls, puppets (no) girls, puppets. In the singular category of grammatically expressed only animate nouns of masculine declension II (horse, giraffe). For example, (see) a giraffe is (not) a giraffe.
3
Inanimate nouns give names to objects and phenomena of reality that are not ranked among sentient beings. The category of inanimate define a semantic question, "what?". For example, (what?) beam, the sun, the feeling.
4
Category of inanimate is expressed in the coincidence of the forms of the accusative and nominative plural, for example: (what?) people (see) people. Also, these forms are nouns masculine and neuter declension II, for example: (what?) table, field, – (see) a table field.
5
Please note that the category of animate / inanimate expressed in pronominal nouns. Personal pronouns "I", "you", "we", "you", "he", "she", "it", "them", the relative "who" and its derivatives, the definitive "everything", not directly in correlation with living beings, are grammatically animate, because they have the same form for accusative and genitive cases. The other pronouns of this category is not expressed.
6
As modified morphological symptom of this category is also expressed in adjectives, possessive pronouns of "my", "our", the full forms of participles and numerals "two", "three", "four", "both". Compare: (see) our new walls (see) our new students. When contrasted forms of the accusative plural detected variable characteristic of animate / inanimate in these parts of the speech.
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