You will need
- - foam;
- - polyester batting or other padding;
- - fabric for the cover.
- - sewing machine;
- - threads;
- - spring units;
- - wooden slats;
- - nails;
- - hammer;
- - stapler.
Before you start doing the mattress with their hands, determine what is inside. If you need a removable mattressthat can be folded up and put away after use, choose foam or polyester fiber basis, and for fixed beds can be done and spring mattress.
To make a foam mattress, buy a piece of foam and mark the form. Here can be a few options. If you need a folding mattress, make it from several pieces, spreading them across the bed. For hospital beds will have plenty of great mattress one or two longitudinal parts. Cut the foam with an assistant, one of you needs to stretch half and the other with a sharp knife to cut precisely on the intended line.
Mark a pattern on fabric, adding on each side of the seam allowance on the thickness of the mattressand a few inches for seams. To cover can be washed, do it like a pillowcase – with an overlap. For this length, add another 20 cm.
Sew a cover for the mattressand, first of all transverse sections, then by length, laying angles across the side seams at this width, what is the width of the foam. Treat all seams with a serger or zigzag. Pass the foam in the case.
To make a mattress of cotton batting, polyester batting or other soft padding, start with the cover. Measure the size of the bed, creating a pattern note the thickness of the mattress. Then sew a fabric case desired size, with overlap or clasp in the form of lightning. Carefully fill with stuffing, given that it will quickly be nailed and will be two times thinner. So the gasket did not get off in whom, in several places sew the mattress through and through, they put small pieces of fabric from two sides.
If you want to make a spring mattress, you need to buy spring blocks, the number depends on the size of the bed. Set them in order, vertically, make sure that the upper ends were located at the same level. The bottom of the spring fix the wooden laths with a thickness of 2 cm and a width of 6-7 cm
Perform the tying of the springs. To do this, beat on the ends of the beds in front of each of a number of large nails (50-60 mm) and bend them away from the springs. Take a strong cord with a thickness of 2-5 mm and tie all springs of each row first across the bed, and then along the last two diagonals. Lay on top of the springs, burlap or other sturdy fabric, then a layer of batting or wadding, fit an mattress upholstery fabric, securing it with a furniture stapler.