Advice 1: How to prune old Apple trees

If you got the old garden, Apple trees which are not fruit and young growths of branches no, do not rush to cut down trees. It will take some time until you grow new fruit trees. Try strong pruning to rejuvenate old Apple trees. This will not only greatly improve the health of trees, but also will promote the regular good fruiting.
How to prune old Apple trees
You will need
  • - pruning shears with long handles, hacksaw;
  • - garden options;
  • stepladder.
Instruction
1
Carefully inspect the trees in the garden. Select only healthy rejuvenating pruning Apple trees. Save trees affected by cancer, with a deep trunk damage and crown break apart. While drying and bare branches – not a reason to get rid of the tree, because it is not a disease, and the signs of aging. Leave those Apple trees, fruit quality which you like. Also take note of the trees that can be perepravit.
2
Start pruning in the dormant period of plants in early spring. At this time the crown is clearly visible and the gardener easier to work with. Prepare the pruning tools: pruning shears, saws, a ladder.
3
Start by removing large branches. First, cut out all dead branches. It is better to cut the "ring" (the trunk). You need to lighten the crown. To do this, get rid of interlacing, broken or improperly growing shoots (directed into the crown). Observe the rule: it is better to remove two or three large branches than to cut a lot smaller.
4
Carefully inspect the tree and select the major skeletal branches. "Raise the crown" Apple – remove all drooping branches, so that between the soil and the bottom surface of the crown remained a height of not less than 80-100 cm Cut in accordance with the rule of subordination: basic bitches needs to be longer than its ramifications. If the tree is very old, then cut two thirds of the length of the branches. Remember that in this case you will have to create a new crown from volchkovich shoots.
5
Reduce the crown of an old tree. As a result, his height will decrease on the meter. To do this, remove the top part of a trunk with big branches. Top branches cut off above the side branches growing outward.
6
Align ragged slices with a knife and apply a thin layer of garden var. Remove the trimmed branches. Well take care of Apple trees undergoing severe pruning. Time to conduct activities to protect against pests, keep the soil around the trunk free from weeds.
7
Often at the base of old skeletal branches formed a strongly growing young shoots – tops. A poorly positioned and weak cut "to ring", and the remaining pruning form new skeletal branches.
Useful advice
During the summer watch for the shoots of renewal, emerging near a major drunk. Do not allow the growth of branches of competitors. Observe the young shoots, in time to cut away all weak and thickening.

Advice 2: How to crop a dvd video

Sometimes when working with video you need to crop the video to remove unnecessary headers and frames. To help solve this problem with a variety of programs. One of them is Nero, not only easy to use but also fast for a few minutes, she performs the task.
How to crop a dvd video
You will need
  • - personal computer;
  • file dvd;
  • - installed on a computer the program Nero;
  • program that converts video.
Instruction
1
Software Nero makes life much easier as a beginner videolyubiteley, and professional editor. Opportunities for program much. In addition to recording information on the disks, it allows you to work with the music, record a video, compress DVD-9 to DVD-5 (4.7 GB), copy disks, create your own movies and slideshows. One of the useful utilities of the program is cropping the video.
2
To start editing dvd-video, run Nero. In the opened window select the category "Photo and video". The section then go to "Recode DVD-video". If you move the mouse to the label, you'll learn about the features of the software, which is able to convert parts from a variety of sources in mpeg-4. Edit the files in this program with master Nero Recode.
3
After you select "Recode DVD-video" you will see the screen of Nero Recode. In the job list, right click "Import video" and add to project the desired video file stored on the computer. If you want to trim the video from the disk, you must copy it to the hard drive of your PC.
4
After the video appears in the program window, you can edit it. Go to "Trim movie" and move the slider in each window, select a start and end point of the film.
5
When the movie will be cropped, click "Next" and proceed to the next step – save the file. Select the destination folder, specify the folder to store temporary files. Then click "Burn" and wait for the process. To save the file on disk. To do this, in the line "Receiver" specify a removable disk.
6
After saving the already trimmed file you can use it in mpeg-4 or convert it to any other video format. To do this, use the Converter that you like the most. Well, for example, suitable for this purpose a "Factory format" with a clear Russian interface and high performance.
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