You will need
- - gardening tool;
- - cloth tape and a tight rope;
- the Mat or Board for the roots;
- - water, planting stakes, stretching.
Before transplanting an adult tree, think several times if necessary. It is not necessary to transplant the sick and weak trees (injured trunk and roots). Mature Apple trees can be transplanted if they are less than 15 years. For dwarf rootstocks, this time a little more.
Prepare the planting hole at the new location. They need to be 1.5 times more earthen coma repot the tree. Dig the ground, remove all weeds. Fill the soil with organic matter and izvestuya if its acidity is high. Prepare the stakes to support transplanted trees, each not less than 3 pieces.
Transplant spend better during the vegetative dormancy of the plant (early spring or fall). In both cases, the tree should be leaves. If transplanted Apple tree in the fall, palletise foliage remove. Mark the trunk with chalk or paint the sides of the horizon.
Hang on trees or ponovite label with variety name, rootstock and age of Apple trees. Try to dig a tree with the main roots and a large lump of earth. The total volume of the root system should be for the transplant at least half the volume of the crown. The ground with the roots are not Strachowice. By digging and transporting the tree, and tie the trunk with a soft cloth so you do not damage the bark of the trunk. Earth com pack in burlap, mesh or panel boards. Gently bend the trunk and skeletal branches.
Try without delay to plant Apple trees to new locations. Remember, the less will the time lapse between digging and planting of the tree, the better it will survive. Install the Apple tree in the same relation to the horizon. Soil ball in the planting hole, place so that the root collar was slightly above ground level. Pour the roots a loose soil, without leaving any gaps. Good pour. Tie tree to stakes. Mature trees with a large lump of the earth will settle, so in a month, tweak the tree, add soil.
When transplanting a large tree, try to observe a balance between the aboveground part and roots. For this you need to trim the crown. Using the pruner or saw, remove all broken, wrong, growing, intertwining branches. Discharge the crown of the tree so that branches were free to fly a Sparrow. This will create the optimum illumination for the leaf in the future growing season. All wounds zamazhte garden pitch.
You can not dig up the tree trunks in the first year after planting the tree.
To prevent excessive loss of moisture tie the trunk and base of the skeletal branches of the tree damp moss or burlap.
Advice 2 : How to place in the garden: planting vegetables, shrubs and trees
To the area feel good shrubs, fruit trees and vegetables, it is necessary to correctly plan and efficient use of every meter of land. Gardening requires diligent planning.
The layout of the site
In order to use all advantages and neutralize disadvantages of the estate, you must make the overall plan: under building give 10%, by paths and decorative planting of 12-14%, the remaining 76 to 78% is allocated for cultivated plants and the garden. When designing, consider the location of the site relative to the cardinal directions.
Trees and shrubs should be grouped in different places, so tall plants do not shade low-growing. Vegetables and strawberries planted on the South side, Apple will have a pleasant stay on the North side of the site, away from home, the middle seat reserved for the berry bushes.
Close the fence can be planted raspberries, gooseberries, currants, and they produce fruit in the shade. Can not be planted next to black and red currant, raspberries and gooseberries. Dwarf Apple and pear trees and creeping culture planted in the condensed scheme. Trees seated at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other. With this planting, the plants should be well fed and watered, then the roots will not be competing for food and water.
In the shade of trees planted herbs:
− the Welsh onion;
Other crops under the canopy will not grow, and the greenery grows juicy, tender. The cilantro plant near currant bushes, her scent deters spider mites.
Strawberry garden place near the grocer's, to allow updates of the plantations. A good neighbor for them – garlic. Of these shrubs, like chokeberry, honeysuckle, barberry'll have a beautiful hedge, planted these crops on the border of the plot, you will save space.
For productive use of the area under vegetable garden, use a compacted crop of vegetables. Late cabbage can be grown with the radish, early varieties of cauliflower, spinach. Useful seals will be for cucumbers, beets, carrots, celery, parsley. Between the rows of potatoes you can grow beans.
Plant various types of lettuce, Swiss chard, purple Basil near the house – they can have the decorative flower beds that will decorate the manor. Pumpkin and patison will decorate the fence along the tracks as border original will look shallots, sorrel, strawberries Bezus, chervil, parsley curly.
Go to the layout of the site creatively, with imagination, step away from the stereotypes and enough space for everyone – vegetables, fruit trees, shrubs.
Advice 3 : How to transplant an adult tree
Sometimes you need a transplant of adult fruit trees on another place. Of all the garden trees are the easiest to tolerate transplant the tree. It is not easy, but doable.
You will need
- - sharp spade and other garden tools;
- - burlap or canvas cloth;
- - thick rope;
- - durable plastic film;
- - wooden stakes;
- - wire;
- - two assistants.
Alone with change cannot cope. But with two assistants on a particular technology adult Apple tree to transplant. Best move tree to perform in the early spring, before the SAP flow. First of all, you need to take care of the crown. The branches needed to be tied up and wrapped in old burlap. It will protect them from damage and create more free space for lifting. But before tying the branches with a sharp spade must be outlined on the ground contour, equal in diameter to the size of the crown. This will be the inner edge, outward from which are beginning to dig a trench the depth and width of 35 cm protruding roots must be cut off.
Then under the edge of the root ball around the entire circumference stick the shovel deeper, at an angle of 45°. Dig the depth of the root ball is about 80 cm More ohms is not recommended, because it will be awkward to handle when moving. After the tree is dug out, carefully put on the ground under the root ball underlie a thick plastic film and completely wrapped in her com, locking around the barrel. In this Packed tree carefully moved to the new location.
A new hole for the tree dug up that root ball will fit in it freely and got 30 cm circumference and 20 cm in depth. On the bottom of the prepared hole need to pour a layer of rotted manure, peat or leaf mold, add a few handfuls of ash and bone meal. This will facilitate the formation of new roots. Then the tree set right in the middle of the pit and covered with prepared fertile soil. The ground around the trunk obleplivajut, tamped and well watered with warm water.
Tree trunks mulch layer of peat at 10 cm Then the perimeter of the pit to drive three or four strong stake and tie them with wire to the trunk and skeletal branches of the tree (under the places where the wire comes into contact with the bark, it is necessary to lay a soft cloth or cardboard).
The transplanted tree needs regular watering, especially if the winter was snowless, but spring was dry. The result of the transplant will be noticeable when the SAP and the buds on the Apple tree off in growth. If done correctly, the tree will bloom and bear fruit in the current year.
If the climate in your area is harsh, the mulch layer needs to be thicker. You can even use as a mulch layer of manure.