Advice 1: How to transplant Apple trees

Any gardener knows that transplanting any tree is always a stress for plants. But there are times when it is inevitable: change planning area, repairs of garden, over-dense planting or the preservation of the old varieties. Especially sorry for the gardener to leave your favorite Apple-tree, if the land is sold or changes. Is it possible to transplant adult Apple? Of course, it can be done, but by following certain rules.
How to transplant Apple trees
You will need
  • - gardening tool;
  • - cloth tape and a tight rope;
  • the Mat or Board for the roots;
  • - water, planting stakes, stretching.
Instruction
1
Before transplanting an adult tree, think several times if necessary. It is not necessary to transplant the sick and weak trees (injured trunk and roots). Mature Apple trees can be transplanted if they are less than 15 years. For dwarf rootstocks, this time a little more.
2
Prepare the planting hole at the new location. They need to be 1.5 times more earthen coma repot the tree. Dig the ground, remove all weeds. Fill the soil with organic matter and izvestuya if its acidity is high. Prepare the stakes to support transplanted trees, each not less than 3 pieces.
3
Transplant spend better during the vegetative dormancy of the plant (early spring or fall). In both cases, the tree should be leaves. If transplanted Apple tree in the fall, palletise foliage remove. Mark the trunk with chalk or paint the sides of the horizon.
4
Hang on trees or ponovite label with variety name, rootstock and age of Apple trees. Try to dig a tree with the main roots and a large lump of earth. The total volume of the root system should be for the transplant at least half the volume of the crown. The ground with the roots are not Strachowice. By digging and transporting the tree, and tie the trunk with a soft cloth so you do not damage the bark of the trunk. Earth com pack in burlap, mesh or panel boards. Gently bend the trunk and skeletal branches.
5
Try without delay to plant Apple trees to new locations. Remember, the less will the time lapse between digging and planting of the tree, the better it will survive. Install the Apple tree in the same relation to the horizon. Soil ball in the planting hole, place so that the root collar was slightly above ground level. Pour the roots a loose soil, without leaving any gaps. Good pour. Tie tree to stakes. Mature trees with a large lump of the earth will settle, so in a month, tweak the tree, add soil.
6
When transplanting a large tree, try to observe a balance between the aboveground part and roots. For this you need to trim the crown. Using the pruner or saw, remove all broken, wrong, growing, intertwining branches. Discharge the crown of the tree so that branches were free to fly a Sparrow. This will create the optimum illumination for the leaf in the future growing season. All wounds zamazhte garden pitch.
Note
You can not dig up the tree trunks in the first year after planting the tree.
Useful advice
To prevent excessive loss of moisture tie the trunk and base of the skeletal branches of the tree damp moss or burlap.

Advice 2: How to transplant an adult tree

Sometimes you need a transplant of adult fruit trees on another place. Of all the garden trees are the easiest to tolerate transplant the tree. It is not easy, but doable.
Transplanting a Mature tree is difficult, but doable
You will need
  • - sharp spade and other garden tools;
  • - burlap or canvas cloth;
  • - thick rope;
  • - durable plastic film;
  • - wooden stakes;
  • - wire;
  • - two assistants.
Instruction
1
Alone with change cannot cope. But with two assistants on a particular technology adult Apple tree to transplant. Best move tree to perform in the early spring, before the SAP flow. First of all, you need to take care of the crown. The branches needed to be tied up and wrapped in old burlap. It will protect them from damage and create more free space for lifting. But before tying the branches with a sharp spade must be outlined on the ground contour, equal in diameter to the size of the crown. This will be the inner edge, outward from which are beginning to dig a trench the depth and width of 35 cm protruding roots must be cut off.
2
Then under the edge of the root ball around the entire circumference stick the shovel deeper, at an angle of 45°. Dig the depth of the root ball is about 80 cm More ohms is not recommended, because it will be awkward to handle when moving. After the tree is dug out, carefully put on the ground under the root ball underlie a thick plastic film and completely wrapped in her com, locking around the barrel. In this Packed tree carefully moved to the new location.
3
A new hole for the tree dug up that root ball will fit in it freely and got 30 cm circumference and 20 cm in depth. On the bottom of the prepared hole need to pour a layer of rotted manure, peat or leaf mold, add a few handfuls of ash and bone meal. This will facilitate the formation of new roots. Then the tree set right in the middle of the pit and covered with prepared fertile soil. The ground around the trunk obleplivajut, tamped and well watered with warm water.
4
Tree trunks mulch layer of peat at 10 cm Then the perimeter of the pit to drive three or four strong stake and tie them with wire to the trunk and skeletal branches of the tree (under the places where the wire comes into contact with the bark, it is necessary to lay a soft cloth or cardboard).
5
The transplanted tree needs regular watering, especially if the winter was snowless, but spring was dry. The result of the transplant will be noticeable when the SAP and the buds on the Apple tree off in growth. If done correctly, the tree will bloom and bear fruit in the current year.
Note
If the climate in your area is harsh, the mulch layer needs to be thicker. You can even use as a mulch layer of manure.

Advice 3: How to transplant a tree, if it is large

Transplant of a tree may be necessary in the case of new buildings in its place, the expansion of the recreation area or Playground. For the success of transplanting a large tree you need to know important details of this work.
How to transplant a tree
You will need
  • Sturdy shovel, pruner, clay, charcoal, fertilizer, water.
Instruction
1
Transplant normally stand of softwood trees. For example, pine, arborvitae, fir, spruce and many others. When transplanting a tree will have to dig out with roots. Note that some trees develop roots that go far out to the sides. If they disturb the tree then can be very ill. Before transplanting, dig around the tree transace width of 30 cm and a depth of at least 60 cm the Roots caught in the trench, pererubat sharp instrument or severed by the shears. Then sprinkle the roots with charcoal or zamazhte garden putty, clay. Tree trunks loosen and add fertilizer. Now the tree is ready to transplant.
2
Select a location for the transplant. It should be comfortable for the tree in the shade or sun, wet or, conversely, dry soil. Prepare the planting hole at least 15 days before the transplant. Digging a hole, pay attention to the condition of the soil. If she is exhausted, replace it with fertile. The average depth of planting pit: 1 metre. More penetration is not desirable, since the root system may rot. The width of the pit width determine the clod of earth on the roots. Before transplanting to the bottom of the landing pit pour humus.
3
Proceed to the planting of the tree: insert durable, the shovel dug a trench and try to stick it under the roots. If not, remove a little more soil on both sides of the plants. Try again to loosen the grip of the roots with the soil. When you see that the roots released, move the tree to spread out next to the burlap. Tie the tree with burlap that will keep the ground ball on the roots. Now it is advisable to dampen the burlap with water.
4
Clutching at the edge of the burlap, transport the tree to the new hole. Untie the burlap and firmly set the tree in an earth pit. Throw the prepared hole with soil and tamp well to the inside does not remain emptiness. Then pour the tree and tamp again firmly. If the soil will be air pockets in the wood can easily move. Watering will be enough for one bucket. After watering the tree every three days for 1.5 months. In tree trunks lay mulch: this will allow the soil to stay moist for a long time.
5
A deciduous tree re-pot in early spring as soon as the snow melts. Transplant tolerates ash, chestnut, cherry, Apple, Saskatoon, plum, quince, pear and many others. To protect the bark of the transplanted tree from drying out, tie it to the moss, bark, rags, a layer of straw or cardboard. Transplanted earlier in the spring the tree will cut all unnecessary branching. If you have the opportunity to make a shade tree after planting, make sure to do it. So the root system will recover faster and will come in accordance with the above-ground part of the tree. Also after the transplant, it is recommended that additional watering rooting stimulants - "IAA", "Carnevino" and others.
Note
Before digging up the tree, mark the other side of the plant, which was toward the North. And when transplanting put a plant in the same spatial location.
Useful advice
If you transplant a plant from the woods, grab a couple of buckets of earth and mix it with vegetable.

Advice 4: How to grow Apple tree from seeds

If you bought at the store and tasted the delicious apples, there is nothing surprising in the fact that you wanted to grow at his dacha, or garden plot is the same. To grow an Apple tree from the seeds it is possible, the only question is, will you be happy with the result, because the risk of getting a wild tree with small sour fruit is quite large.
How to grow Apple tree from seeds
You will need
  • - Apple;
  • - the pot of earth;
  • good Sunny place in the garden.
Instruction
1
Choose carefully planting material. It is not necessary to choose the apples from southern countries, because the probability of them freezing in winter in the Russian climate. The best option would be a good apples taken from a neighbor's garden, with them you can be confident in hardiness and flavor qualities. Remove the Apple pits, place into a small container of water and leave for a few days in a warm place.
2
Depending on the type of soil in your garden will plant the seeds in the ground. If your area of harsh winters, plant the Apple tree from the garden, in this case the roots go deep into the ground and will be able to survive any cold weather. These Apple trees live and produce fruit for much longer, but only on land where the groundwater level is deep.
3
If the area has marshy soil, first grow a seedling in a pot or bucket, and then transplant it to a permanent place. The root rod is likely to break and will not go deep, so the tree is less winter hardy, but not afraid of high groundwater.
4
To grow Apple trees from seeds seedlings, plant seeds in the ground in the fall or early winter, may be a few pieces around. In early spring, before the leaves, divide the sprouts to the root system they have not messed up, it can put different pots or directly into the ground. To Apple tree grew stronger, keep her home another year. Put it on a bright spot, fertilize, water. When it starts to drop leaves, put the pot in a cool place, basement, refrigerator, or garage. You can bury the pot in the garden so that the ground level in the pot was at ground level around the tree and cover lutrasilom. Spring annuals will transplant the seedling to a permanent place.
Note
Please note that your Apple tree in any case will not give the same fruit that you had the good fortune to try before planting. With luck, the apples are too tasty, big, but other. If this does not happen, private Apple good fruiting branches from the tree and enjoy the harvest.
Useful advice
If after a few years, your tree has acquired the characteristic form of wilding, Cora was as if varnished, and some twigs transformed into spines (thorns) - better to remove from your garden such as Apple, good fruit from it you hardly wait.
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