Advice 1: How to determine the sex of snails

In recent years, snails have become popular Pets. In addition to the famous ampulyarii living have fascinated aquarists, now holding a giant African Achatina is a huge land snails. Of course, for successful breeding Pets you will need a male and a female, so it is important to know the sex of the snails.
How to determine the sex of snails
Most land snails are hermaphrodites. This means that they possess both male and female reproductive organs. However, to impregnate herself land snail can't. For mating you need two individuals who are "face to face" to each other, so that their genital openings are located opposite each other, and then there is the transfer of genetic material. During observations, it was found that older snails often take the female lead, at that time, as young individuals are male. So, if you want to get offspring from your Pets, but you are only adult snails sat down next to him a young individual, and will succeed.
Ampulyarii is one of the few dioecious snails. Known cases when snails of this species changed gender. Ampulyarii of the genus Pila hibernate before you turn into the opposite sex, and genus Pomacea this can happen at any time. Of course, the floor of the cochlea is possible to determine, on opening it, however, it is unlikely that this method will fit you. But there are a few simple and painless methods.
In order to understand the gender of a snail, pull it out of the water, put the lid up and wait till the lid open. Look in the sink, right at the top of the mantle the male will be visible to the sheath of the penis. Of course, the untrained eye may not recognize this difference, but if you put several ampulyarii and compare the structure of their reproductive system, you will understand the difference.
You can also wait for your snails start mating. Have ampulyarii it is the male creeps on the female.
Another way to determine the sex ampulyarii – measure the mouth of the snail shells. In males, the mouth sinks in the form closer to the circumference than the females. If you are the proud owner of an aquarium populated ampulyarii, you can measure the mouth of the snail shells in two directions, and to understand who is who.

Advice 2: Why the need for snails in the aquarium

Decorative snails are fairly common inhabitants of the aquarium. They well decorate it and help you to relax after a hard day: their elegant slowness fascinates many. In addition to aesthetics and beauty, these molluscs are more and practical function.
Why the need for snails in the aquarium
Snails can bring harm and benefit to the aquarium ecosystem. It all depends on their variety and quantity. Very popular among aquarists are the following species of mollusks as ampulyarii, horn coil, agrolux, Melania. If you in a proper way take care of an aquarium and control the number of snails, they will bring a lot of benefits. Clams are a wonderful aquarium sanitation. They not only eat up food that did not eat fish, but also their excrement. Thus, these aquarium inhabitants contribute to water purification. Uneaten food are favorable environment for growth of pathogenic bacteria, which can in a matter of hours to make clear water muddy. In addition, the shellfish eat dead parts of plants and well scraped his rough tongue bacterial plaque from the walls. This affects the installation of the favorable climate and biological balance in the aquarium. Certain types of shellfish, for example, ampulyarii, serve as the indicator of condition of aquarium water. By their behavior you can determine if there is enough oxygen in the water. When it is insufficient, and at sharp change of pH water ampulyarii up the glass to the surface of the water and pulls his pipe siphon – body, which allows it to breathe air. In this way snail "signals" inexperienced aquarist, it's time to do a water change or buy a good aerator. One of the downsides decorative snails is their active reproduction. A large number of mollusks in the aquarium can lead to overcrowding and, as a consequence, the lack of oxygen at the other inhabitants. In addition, a large population of snails are able to eat off the plants. Optimum can be considered the ratio of one snail per 10 litres of water. Therefore, timely scrape their eggs off the glass, they lay consistently, to prevent the overcrowding of the aquarium.Will inhabit your aquarium snails, or not – to solve only to you. But remember that you can not place shellfish from water bodies, because with them can get infected. In addition, some pond snails secrete mucus into the water, which it contaminates. Get the clams for your aquarium only in pet stores.

Advice 3: How to build a home for snails Achatina

Achatina is a truly unique creatures. This snail is one of the largest among land molluscs. With the right content at home, can reach a length of 20 cm. Many owners of these snails are interested in the question of how to arrange accommodation for snail Achatina.
How to build a home for snails Achatina
Shell of Achatina snails have conical, adults from 7 - 9 turns. Shell color depends on what you feed them, hereditary characteristics and other living conditions of the mollusk.

This kind of snails does not require a special cage, even the aquarium can take an old, leaky, who was going to throw away, because it will not need to pour the water. The volume you choose at the rate of 10 liters per clam. Also think about what you close dwelling snails, because without a cover on the aquarium, they will travel to your apartment. And don't forget that snails also breathe, if hermetically closed, they suffocate.

Ground to bottom it is better to buy at the pet store, for example, for snails will work, coconut substrate. Cover it with layer thickness of approximately 7-10 cm Not suitable as the soil is peat, which is sold in flower shops, as it contains a lot of fertilizers that are harmful to Achatina. Sawdust snails also will not like. But litter, without pine needles, what you need. Just don't forget to boil before placing in the terrarium a little wet, because the soil will create the necessary humidity. Also, the softness of the bedding will save the shell, and, possibly, the animal itself, with an unexpected fall from the walls of the aquarium.

In addition, it would be nice to put in the terrarium saucer with water, because the snails love to swim.

Observe all the rules of keeping Pets and they will grow you for the joy!

Is the advice useful?