Advice 1: How to know the sex of snails

In recent years it has become fashionable to keep the house not just cats, dogs and hamsters, but also exotic animals that you can impress guests. So, the snails have become popular not only long been known to aquarists ampulyarii and Melania, but the giant African snail Achatina. Of course, for successful reproduction need to know the gender of your snails.
How to know the sex of snails
The vast majority of land snails, including Achatina are hermaphroditic. This does not mean that for Paulthe teachings of the offspring you won't need another one, just these snails are both male and female gendermarketing agencies. During copulation, two snails become the "face" to each other. Thus, female gendernew organs in a single individual are opposite of the male genderoriented bodies another, and in this moment there is the transfer of genetic material. If you keep a few snails, but the offspring they have not had, calculate the age of your Pets. Usually larger snails take on the female lead, while the young take on the role of males. So, if you want Paulto teach the laying of eggs, run in the terrarium young snail, and you soon all genderstudies.
Ampulyarii is one of the few separatelyPaul's snails. Which, however, still able to change gender. Ampulyarii of the genus Pila before that hibernate, and at the genus Pomacea, this can happen at any time and without prior training.
Of course, to determine gender ampulyarii the most reliable possible, and open it. It is unlikely you want this way, so there are some simple techniques that can make any Amateur of snails.
Take your snail out of the water and measure their mouth. Males ampulyarii the mouth is more round, the females, in turn, stretched. By comparing several individuals, you can easily understand who is who.
You can also wait until the snails open the cover shells, and carefully consider them. Right on top of the mantle in males to be visible to the sheath of the penis. The comparative analysis of this difference between males and females is easy to see.
If you have a planted aquarium snail species Melania, you need not determine her gender. They are able to breed parthenogenetically, that is, they do not need a partner for mating. And soon from one individuals you Paulteach a brood of snails.

Advice 2: How you get rid of snails from an aquarium

Not all snails are equally useful for the aquarium. In the spawning aquarium snails do nothing, they eat the eggs and larvae of fish. In the General aquarium hordes of snails can destroy aquatic plants. The most common problem for the aquarist is the rapid reproduction red horn of reels or red fizy. From them it is necessary periodically to get rid of.
How you get rid of snails from an aquarium
You will need
  • banana peels;
  • -lettuce;
  • -bleach;
  • -battery 9-12 V;
  • -wires;
  • -copper wire:
  • -fish-predators: macropodus ordinary, tetragon and others.
From snails can be removed in several ways. Large snails, such as ampulyarii, you can gather with your hands and transfer to another aquarium. Hatchlings of these snails is also fairly large, and laying eggs under the cover glass of the aquarium. Masonry, like raspberries, is above water. Remove it and discard.
Snails can catch the bait. As bait, use banana peels and lettuce. Put the bait on the bottom of the aquarium. When the snails will gather the bait, they are removed together with the peel or sheets. This procedure should be done several times at intervals of 3-4 days, to remove not only large snails, but newly hatched from the eggs. In this case, fish and plants from the aquarium to remove optional.
There is an electric method of removing snails. Take 2 stranded copper wire. One side of the strip ends in the form of panicles 3-5 cm. the Other ends connect to the battery with a voltage of 9-12 V. Dip the stripped ends in the opposite sides of the aquarium for 2-3 minutes. Snails die. This method, although quick, has its drawbacks. First, many plants do not tolerate copper ions and can die. Second, it is not known how this procedure affects the fish, though some aquarists argue that it's harmless. Thirdly, the dead snails will still have to remove from the tank manually. Decompose, they will spoil the water.
Radical method of dealing with snails is that from the aquarium, you remove all fish and plants. Plants destroy. Completely replace the soil or boil it, then rinsed. Aquarium disinfect with bleach, rinse thoroughly and dry. Again, fill the tank with water. This method can only be used in small aquariums, where he quickly established biological balance and no valuable plants.
The most effective and environmentally friendly method of dealing with snails is biological. Put in infected snails in the aquarium their natural enemies. This hungry adults makropody, large cichlids. Better than others cope with this task specialized molluscoid — tetradonta. The eggs of snails are very good to destroy ancistrus. Pair spawning cichlasomas or ACAR completely kills all the snails in the 100-liter tank for 2 days.
Useful advice
Some aquarists specifically inhabit the aquarium snails. Before you do this, you need to think about if you need them and how are you going with them then to deal with.

Advice 3: Why the need for snails in the aquarium

Decorative snails are fairly common inhabitants of the aquarium. They well decorate it and help you to relax after a hard day: their elegant slowness fascinates many. In addition to aesthetics and beauty, these molluscs are more and practical function.
Why the need for snails in the aquarium
Snails can bring harm and benefit to the aquarium ecosystem. It all depends on their variety and quantity. Very popular among aquarists are the following species of mollusks as ampulyarii, horn coil, agrolux, Melania. If you in a proper way take care of an aquarium and control the number of snails, they will bring a lot of benefits. Clams are a wonderful aquarium sanitation. They not only eat up food that did not eat fish, but also their excrement. Thus, these aquarium inhabitants contribute to water purification. Uneaten food are favorable environment for growth of pathogenic bacteria, which can in a matter of hours to make clear water muddy. In addition, the shellfish eat dead parts of plants and well scraped his rough tongue bacterial plaque from the walls. This affects the installation of the favorable climate and biological balance in the aquarium. Certain types of shellfish, for example, ampulyarii, serve as the indicator of condition of aquarium water. By their behavior you can determine if there is enough oxygen in the water. When it is insufficient, and at sharp change of pH water ampulyarii up the glass to the surface of the water and pulls his pipe siphon – body, which allows it to breathe air. In this way snail "signals" inexperienced aquarist, it's time to do a water change or buy a good aerator. One of the downsides decorative snails is their active reproduction. A large number of mollusks in the aquarium can lead to overcrowding and, as a consequence, the lack of oxygen at the other inhabitants. In addition, a large population of snails are able to eat off the plants. Optimum can be considered the ratio of one snail per 10 litres of water. Therefore, timely scrape their eggs off the glass, they lay consistently, to prevent the overcrowding of the aquarium.Will inhabit your aquarium snails, or not – to solve only to you. But remember that you can not place shellfish from water bodies, because with them can get infected. In addition, some pond snails secrete mucus into the water, which it contaminates. Get the clams for your aquarium only in pet stores.

Advice 4: How to get rid of snails and slugs: the easiest and most humane way

Despite the slowness and clumsiness, snails and slugs can rapidly deal with the crop in the area. To reinvent the wheel to fight them makes no sense, when the hand is the most common eggshell!
How to get rid of snails and slugs: the easiest and most humane way


What harm have snails and slugs

Slugs and snails are inconspicuous our "neighbors" on the site. In dry weather, and during the day they prefer to hide in damp and secluded places. On "hunting" they go under cover of night or in a rainy day. At this time, echelon of hungry snails and slugs as a rule, impressively emerging from their shelters in search of tasty treats, rushing straight to the beds.

Seeing these mollusks personally, you can guess their presence is typical eaten on the lettuce and cabbage. Sometimes they do not disdain and other plantings. Slugs and snails typically gnaw holes of irregular shape in a juicy and tender parts of the plants, with stems and veins not interested in them. You can also see plants on piles of feces and traces of mucus. These manifestations say that we urgently need to take action, otherwise you risk losing part of the harvest.

Measures to control snails and slugs on the plot

To complicate the impudent life, just block their path with the help of eggshells. This is a very humane and economical way of dealing with these mussels: they stay alive, and you don't have to spend money to buy special agents.

Take the shells from the eggs, crack it and sprinkle on her the space between the beds. Instead of the shell you can safely use the gravel, but he should be fine.

Believe me, soft-bodied snails and slugs such a barrier will not like. For fear of running into prickly objects, these creatures are unlikely to move on this obstacle course. The sly, they will go to try fruits and vegetables for the safer neighborhood area. After the rain protivolodochnyi such embankments will need to be updated.

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