Advice 1: How to solder a gas column

Troubles with gas pumps – due to the tiny holes they begin to flow. You can, of course, to invite the master to repair such equipment. And if you have hands, as the saying goes, grow where it is, you can resolve the issue by yourself doing soldering gas columns.
How to solder a gas column
You will need
  • - solder POS-61;
  • - flux;
  • - soldering iron with a capacity of at least 100 watts;
  • - fine emery sandpaper,
  • - solvent;
  • - rags.
Instruction
1
Start soldering the gas column with preparatory work. Purchase exclusively solders brand POS-61, as with other solders are more difficult to perform the soldering of the copper tubes. They are less fluid, more refractory, and their structure is worse. Perfect wire solder, sometimes it happens with a rosin content.

You'll also need flux, just choose the one on which stands the inscription "do Not require cleaning, does Not contain acid" or "Corrosive passive". This will save you from problems with the repair of gas columns. Prepare the soldering iron 100 W, clean it from the old tip burned-out flux.
2
First drop in the heat exchanger water. Open the hot water tap in the sink, while Unscrew the flare nut from the pipe, feeding the cold water. Because of the difference of water levels in the gas column and in the kitchen tap water from the column will drain down. The remaining water, blow out with a compressor or a vacuum cleaner, as it will complicate the heating in soldering copper pipes and even a powerful soldering iron.
3
Abrade with fine emery cloth soldering of the gas column. Usually at the seat of the fistula, the copper is oxidized, there is a characteristic spot poisonous shade of green. After cleaning with emery cloth carefully wipe the surface with a cloth with a solvent that removes grease stains and dust.

Wrap the pipe with rags on both sides, that it is less cold, and it was possible, not burning, to hold her hand.
Copper tube
4
Well saludito the soldering. Smear it with flux. Quite a heated soldering iron is put in the solder, and drag it to the place of soldering. The solder will flow from the soldering iron into a copper tube firm connection.

If the solder does not spread and harden, take the following measures. Using the torch heat up the soldering of copper pipes. Muffle this place a thick rag, heat the soldering iron up to 180 degrees and try again to heat up the solder. Repeat the procedure several times. Sooner or later the pipe warms up, the solder will melt.
The soldering iron is ready to work
5
Solder a wire or patch the same way. Apply the patch, soldering iron warm the tube, if necessary, add solder. As soon as the solder evenly fill the seam, remove the soldering iron. Repair of gas columns over. After everything has cooled, you can pump water.

Advice 2: How to clean a gas column

Boiler or water heater is simply necessary in the house where there is no hot water. Most of them are residents of private houses, but in many cities where there is hot water, also there are difficulties when starting the seasonal cessation of water flow. Installing the gas column can be permanently rid of this problem.
How to clean a gas column
You will need
  • Vinegar, cleaner, large capacity for water.
Instruction
1
Experts recommend to carry out preventive cleaning of the gas column at least once a year. If the stream of water becomes less and the column periodically begins to boil, most likely, clogged heat exchanger and drains, which means that it's time to clean. The water contains many chemicals which form scale, to remove the blockages can only be dismantling the column.
2
You must first Unscrew the water pipes on the inlet and outlet, remove the column from its hinges and flipped upward. With the help of a rubber bulb or disposable syringe to pour about 0.5 liters of vinegar, leave for a while. After placing the column in place, connecting pipes for supplying water. Downstairs to have a large container and enable water to washed all the dirt and scum. Then connect the remaining pipe.
3
Sometimes, clogged gas burner, which can be determined by the excess soot. If it is not clean, the radiator is clogged with soot and the blade will stop working. Before cleaning gas you need to cover, remove the heater casing and the vacuum to collect the soot and debris in accessible areas and with the burner. After checking, lights up like a torch.
4
Overheating can also occur due to weak water flow, which may impact the blockage of pipes. It is necessary to check the water flow to the inlet pipes and after. If the flow is weak to entry, it should remove blockages in the pipes and clean the filters if they are installed. If the water flow is less at the exit, you will have to change all the gaskets and cleaned column.
5
If there is any doubt in their abilities, better to call the gas or the housing office and call a technician during cleaning observe him and ask how to do it right. Next time you can try to clean the gas column own.
Note
With good water pressure due to the flow rate scale does not have time to condense on the walls of pipes and heat exchanger.
Useful advice
Not to dirty gas stove, and the water was suitable for drinking, experts recommend to install water filters to the entrance of the tubes in the column.

Advice 3: How to grease the gas valve

In your kitchen there was a smell of gas? Possible that started having a plug valve in front of the household gas appliance. Gas is a volatile product, therefore it is best if there is a smell of gas, call the emergency services, but if you want to know how to grease the gas valve yourself, please read the following statement.
How to grease the gas valve
You will need
  • — a wide screwdriver "minus";
  • — based lubricant grease or graphite;
  • — gag;
  • — dry cloth.
Instruction
1
Before starting work, inspect the gas tap, please note, the working part of the craneand made in the form of a cone, with a through hole, it is pressed by a spring, which is twisted wide tube (you will see it on the other side of the control stick).
2
If you can not cut off the gas, try to lubricate gas tap without cut. First disconnect the electrical power to all appliances that are in the room where you are performing gas hazardous work (electric cooker, kettle, fridge, microwave, etc.). Ask all strangers to leave the room, close the door, if possible and open the window. Remember, the room should not be open flame or possibility of spark, so remove matches and do not smoke nearby.
3
Unscrew with a screwdriver and remove tube from tapand spring and cone valve. Plug tap gag to reduce gas output. Can be in the form of gag to use a damp cloth in a plastic bag. Wipe the valve cone from the old grease and apply a thin layer of new grease, not obmazyvat holes.
4
Quickly remove the gag from the tapand insert the cone into place. Install the spring and hold it with a stopper.
5
After that, ventilate the room and soap emulsion, coat the tap. If the soap does not bubble, then the work is considered over.
6
If the room has the possibility of stopping delivery of gas, be sure to use it, so you'll reduce the risk of a possible accident. Turn off the gas on the pipeline where the repaired the faucet. Unscrew with a screwdriver the plug and remove the insides of the faucet.
7
Wipe the valve cone with a dry cloth to remove residues of old grease. After that, apply on the valve cone, a thin layer of grease, not obmazyvat holes. Install the valve cone, spring and plug.
8
Open the gas supply to the appliance and brush the soapy emulsion of the cork tap. If you have not noticed the bloating bubbles in the suds, the replacement of grease on the tape was successful.
9
If inside soap foam bubbles inflate, it means that somewhere there is a leak of gas. Try to reassemble the faucet, if the leak persists, call a gas service, the gas leakage can cause explosion.

Advice 4: How to flush a radiator of the gas column

The reason for the contamination of the radiator gas column is the formation of scale. As a result, the hot water valve decreases the pressure and reduces its temperature. Flush the radiator, using the means at hand.
How to flush a radiator of the gas column
You will need
  • - garden sprayer;
  • - hose PVC;
  • two of the clamp;
  • the descaling agent (for example, "Silit");
  • bucket.
Instruction
1
Turn off the gas. Close the valve on the incoming water pipe. Unscrew it so that the water remained closed, and the entrance to the column was loose. Better to do it together. One person unscrews the valve, and the second substitutes for the entrance of the column bucket, as the pipe water is going to come.
2
Flush the radiator the gas column in this way. Plug the spout of the faucet in the kitchen or in the bathroom stopper and turn the cold water tap. The water goes through the column in the opposite direction, washing out the radiator.
3
Drain the water into the bucket. Wait for it to go from column without mechanical impurities particle, and then proceed to descale the radiator.
4
Take a garden sprayer and Unscrew the cap on it. Cut from the cap tip with side holes. Slip into the resulting hole in the PCV hose and clamp it with the clamp.
5
Connect the other end of the hose to the pipe that is within the column. Secure with clamp. Pour into the sprayer container of water and descaling agent in the amount indicated in the instructions with the tool.
6
Screw the cap to the container. Close the hot water tap. Upload in the column about a third of the capacity of the sprayer. The rest of the money pumped approximately five receptions at intervals of a few minutes. Release the pressure in the pipe prior to each injection, opening the hot water tap.
7
The scum is removed when the hiss from the action of chemical substances in the coil of the radiator will stop. Connect the speaker to the water. Open the spigot and drain the water until until it is clean.
Note
In order to prevent the formation of scale in the radiator heater manufacturers recommend to get the water the right temperature, without mixing hot and cold water with a mixer, and setting the desired temperature using the selector. If it is missing, in this case, after turning off the speakers drain the hot water from the radiator by opening the valve.
Useful advice
To the gas column during operation was not formed and the soot, once in two months, remove the veneer of the column and a thin brush to thoroughly clean the inside from dust.
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