Most often folic acid deficiency is imperceptible, but after some time, a sick person loses appetite, it increases fatigue, loss of hair and sores appear on the oral mucosa. From lack of folic acid affects many organs and systems, and a serious deficiency can even lead to death.
Folic acid, also called vitamin B9, in small quantities can be produced by intestinal microflora, but not enough to cover the needs of the organism in this vitamin. It is therefore important to provide a sufficient amount of folic acid, which enters the human body along with food.
During pregnancy a woman needs greater amounts of folic acid than before. The fact is that vitamin B9 plays an important role in the formation of the placenta, causing its deficiency can cause placental insufficiency and even premature termination of pregnancy. Vitamins B9 and B12 is vital for cell division and therefore folic acid is especially nujna the time of the birth and growth of the embryo. Moreover this vitamin takes part in hematopoiesis and the formation of nucleic acids, which are responsible for the accurate transmission of hereditary characteristics.
Folic acid is especially important for the formation of the neural tube of the child. Deficiency of this vitamin consistently leads to severe malformations, such as hydrocephalus, cerebral hernia, congenital deformities, absence of the brain, delays physical and mental development, birth of a dead child. The lack of such a useful vitamin affects the health of the pregnant woman, as she is suffering from toxemia, anemia, depression, pain in the legs.
Laying the foundations for physical and psychological health of the child is still in the early stages of pregnancy, so folic acid must be ingested in sufficient quantity throughout the pregnancy.
The best source of vitamin B9 are plants with green leaves, such as parsley, lettuce, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli. It is also found in avocado, citrus fruits, melons, beans, apricots. In winter, the lack of this vitamin is especially likely, as in eat too many fresh vegetables. As animal sources is best to choose a liver, fish, cheese and meat.
Advice 2: Why the need for folic acid
Folic acid (vitamin B9) has many useful properties. In particular, it is needed to produce the body's happy hormones (serotonin and endorphins), so some scientists call it "good mood vitamin".
The use of folic acid for the body
Folic acid affects cell division, development of all tissues, normalizes the immune system, has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system. In the normal state, the intestinal microflora can synthesize a certain amount of folic acid. This vitamin is needed by the body for synthesis of enzymes, amino acids, ribonucleic and deoxyribonucleic chains. It has a positive effect on the function of the hematopoietic system, the digestive system, particularly your liver health.
Folic acid regulates the process of excitation and inhibition of the nervous system that transmits impulses between cells. This is particularly essential vitamin for women, its a sufficient amount in the body is a normal condition of pregnancy. This substance greatly reduces the likelihood of premature births and occurrence of birth defects of the brain in a child.
Folic acid normalizes the emotional background in the period after childbirth, smoothes menopausal disorders.
The effects of a lack of folic acid in the body
Folic acid deficiency in the body can be caused by lack of vitamin B9 in products used in food and as a result of violation of synthesis of such substances by intestinal microflora. Signs of deficiency of folic acid are: unreasonable anxiety, fear, depression, memory impairment, confusion, indigestion, inflammation of the oral mucosa, anemia, early graying. Prolonged lack of vitamin B9 leads to nervous disorders, early menopause, the development of atherosclerosis, to the onset of stroke, heart attack.
To the beneficial properties of folic acid was the maximum, you need to take it together with vitamin B12.
The main source of folic acid are green vegetables and wheat germ. To provide the body, these substance to be included in the diet of sprouted grains of wheat, broccoli, spinach, asparagus, lettuce, salad, bran, soy beans, lentils, green onions, carrots, beets, tomatoes, yeast, wheat, products of wheat flour, oatmeal and buckwheat. Vitamin B9 can be taken further with frequent stressful situations, excessive physical and mental stress, during illness, in pregnancy. Minimal daily dose of folic acid is 400 mcg. Pregnant and nursing women need to drink in the amount of 600 micrograms.