Varieties of this anesthesia very much. There are even the so-called infiltration anesthesia. Usually local anesthesia is less dangerous and toxic compared to the total. But there is only one complication – an allergic reaction. This type of anesthesia is very often used in dentistry. Because the test sensitivity is carried out quickly or it may not even exist, then there is a high probability of anaphylactic shock.
This type of anesthesia causes greater fear than common. This group includes spinal and epidural anaesthesia. This anesthesia is performed with a needle Bira (12 cm). At the level of the lumbar vertebrae come directly into the spinal canal and to pour the anesthetic. This manipulation can be dangerous complications. Because obviously done an allergic test, the risk of losing the patient from anaphylactic shock is significantly reduced. In this type of anesthesia perform operations on the pelvic area and the legs, also the possible anesthesia in childbirth and caesarean section.
There are two types of General anesthesia: inhalation and non-inhalation. They have their advantages and disadvantages, and therefore the consequences can be different.
Neingalyatsionnyh anesthesia is more simple, because the drug is injected into a vein and the person falls asleep. However, this type of anesthesia is not always possible to control. This is due to the fact that the same drug on different people act in different ways. Depends on the duration of the drug and the presence of humans during sleep. For example, the patient may Wake up during surgery. However, in our time, this happens rarely.
Inhalation anesthesia is safer and more manageable. But it is more toxic. Prior to the development of anesthesiology as a science, the majority of patients died on the operating table. This happened due to the fact that doctors simply did not know the required dosage of air and the exposure time. At this stage of the development of modern medicine, a death is possible for 250 thousand patients.
Advice 2: What can be dangerous General anesthesia
What is "General anesthesia"
To begin to understand what constitutes General anesthesia. This artificial suspension of certain centers of the human nervous system. Its main task is to dull the pain, disabling pain that is centers. During surgery the patient is asleep, in a way, loses consciousness, his muscles relax.
There are several types of anesthesia:
- inhalation (using a mask);
The anesthesiologist calculates the exact dose for each specific case.
General anesthesia: implications, risks and side effects
So, anesthesia is a very serious matter. That is why before any operation and also before birth, a patient is taken a conversation in which the doctor makes conclusions about the state of health and warns of possible consequences and side effects.
Yes, it is safe to say that General anesthesia strongly affects the nervous system, especially children and the elderly. The main negative manifestations that often arise are nausea, vomiting, headache, pain in muscles and joints, dizziness. Almost every patient is experiencing these symptoms after anesthesia ceased to operate. True, some people don't give headaches and nausea special meaning, quietly enduring some discomfort.
Most dangerously, it is an allergic reaction to the injected drug. During the conversation, the main task of the anesthesiologist is to find out whether a person has any allergies. Of course, not excluded that the patient may simply not know this information. So doctors are always ready to provide emergency assistance. Also, do not exclude the occurrence of problems with the nervous system such as loss of sensation, memory, sleep disturbance, hearing, speech.
General anesthesia for humans, of course, harmful, but without it can not do. So you should just accept and not think about the bad. By the way, patients who were positively disposed to the operation, had less problems with narcosis than those that panic was afraid of him.