Advice 1: Why potatoes turn black

Very often, you notice that your own or purchase potato begins to darken. It can turn black during storage or during the cooking process, and sometimes after it. Often one can observe that othrewise potatoes, after a little lie down on the plate, suddenly darkened and became black. The reasons can be several.
Why potatoes turn black



When cooking usually blackens the potatoes grown in overpopulated the soil and stored in case of insufficient ventilation. These two factors lead to the lack of oxygen, causing the potato "choking". To prevent this from happening, once a week, check the basement and inspect stored vegetables.

It is important to monitor the humidity and temperature in the room. It is impossible to prevent the emergence of sweat on the lids of boxes, boxes and covering fabric. Perspiration causes rapid mould growth, which absorbs oxygen. Wet roots must be thoroughly dried and moldy and poveglia immediately remove.

Another reason for darkening of potatoes is the lack of potassium in the soil. During its growth the potatoes are consume potassium two times more than other minerals. But in some soils may not always be necessary for plants the amount of potassium. To solve this problem by adding the ground of any potash fertilizers, do not contain chlorine. And to the tubers during cooking blackened, you need a pan, add three or four Laurel leaves.

In addition to the reasons for the darkening of potatoes may be incorrect compliance with storage temperature and damage during harvest or transport. At harvest no need to throw the potatoes, allowing her to constantly hit her. Avoid extreme temperatures when storing. Before placing the potatoes in the basement, give him a little soak in a dry and cool place – this will allow the tubers to dry and gradually cooling off.

Peeled raw potatoes and after a while begins to darken because it contains compounds that interact with the air they begin to oxidize quickly. To avoid this the peeled roots must be filled with water.


Advice 2: Why the cross is black

Pectoral cross is made of different metal alloys. Of course, wearing a cross may become dark, to darken and even turn black for a number of different reasons. Superstitious people can make the darkening of the cross for the warning again. In fact, everything is due to the banal reason of not having to mysticism irrelevant.
Pectoral cross
You will need
  • Crucifix, water, liquid dishwashing, ammonia, tooth powder, soda.
Instruction
1
Blacken, as a rule, copper, brass and bronze crosses, and silverware (especially the alloy with copper) or gold low sample. This happens because of a chemical reaction of sweat, sebum as well as moisture and oxygen contained in the air, with the metal of that cross.
2
People who are inclined to a mystical view of things, suspicion and fears, I can say that darkening a crucifix – a sure sign of impending disaster. For example, it is believed that the owner of the darkened cross will certainly get in a bad life situation, get ill or die. Oddly enough, their fears are not without certain grounds. For violations of exchange of substances in the sebum may increase the sulphur content. Sulfur reacts with silver and copper comprising the alloy from which cast the Church's crosses, and decoration darkens considerably. However, not only the body of the sick person secretes increased amounts of sulfur. This occurs, for example, when hormonal changes caused by pregnancy. A lot of sulfur contained in the organisms of people who prefer to eat legumes, eggs and fish.
3
A perfectly healthy man, whose body is not saturated in sulfur, too, can discover his cross went dark. It's enough to live in areas with a humid climate, especially on the coast. But if near the home of the owner of the Church decorations is a chemical manufacturing and often smell of hydrogen sulfide, then cross byblack almost certainly. However, this is the case, when the people's superstition is absolutely true: if you do not move away from the dangerous neighbourhood with an industrial facility, it may face trouble with health.
4
Least likely to blacken crosses, made in good jewelry shop of gold of high purity. The reason is simple. Jewelers value their reputation and don't try to cheapen their products by adding to the alloys of copper, Nickel and other "base" metals. Church of the master trying to make an inexpensive mass crosses, so often quality suffers.
5
Seeing that the cross darkened, do not panic. This is not mysticism and not the punishment of the Lord, and ordinary chemistry. You can clean the cross or to replace it with a more expensive one.
Note
Do not buy a TIC from cheap alloys. Not only that, this product will darken quickly, it can still cause skin irritation.
Useful advice
Pectoral cross can be cleaned by putting in a jar with a mixture of tablespoons of water, a few drops of liquid dishwashing drops of ammonia and a pinch of tooth powder and soda. Putting the jewelry in the mixture, close the jar and vigorously shake it.

Advice 3: How to plant potatoes

Potato - the second bread. In Russia it is on every plot. But how to plant potatoesto get a good harvest? Here there are subtleties.
How to plant potatoes
Instruction
1
In mid-April start to sprout potatoes. To better tubers sprouted, they should be folded in plastic bags at 50-80 pieces and put in enough warm, lit room. Soon the potatoes will begin to sprout and even adventitious roots. To plant potatoes usually start when flowering birch. This means that the earth will get warm enough.
How to plant <strong>potato</strong>
2
When the time comes for planting potatoes, dig the field, so that the earth became loose. Shape on the field furrows with a size of 10-12 cm Distance between them should be approximately 70-80 cm Furrow can be done berestovica, any improvised tools, even feet.
How to plant <strong>potato</strong>
3
Put in furrow seed tubers with the shoots facing up. Distance between tubers should be 30-35 cm and Then grown bushes will develop freely and will give a good harvest. After all the potatoes laid in furrows, it is necessary to cover it with dust. Better to do it than a shovel, and a rake. Should be a level field, without ridges - they appear when hilling. Potatoes will be in the ground at a depth of 6-10 cm, this will allow her to warm up.
How to plant <strong>potato</strong>
4
On top of the potatoes put the fertilizer - compost, rotted manure, peat, ash, mineral fertilizers. When it rains, they fall into the ground and will nourish the tubers. The fact that the shoots of potatoes that spring up, and the roots appear just above the tuber. Therefore, they will get a sufficient amount of nutrients.
How to plant <strong>potato</strong>

Advice 4: How to cut potatoes into strips

Potato is one of the most common and often used in cooking as a vegetable. It is possible to make soup or stuffing for pies, but you can just boil or fry. For cooking separate dishes of potatoes last the way it is usually cut into strips.
How to cut potatoes into strips
Instruction
1
Take a few round and smooth potatoes are roughly the same size, then the straw is smooth and beautiful. Peel and thoroughly wash the vegetables in warm water. Then, if required, remove (cut with a knife) all dark spots and brown spots on the tubers. Do not take sprouted or green potatoes. It contains harmful substances, and it will turn out tasteless.
2
After that, you can begin the main part of the work – cutting potatoes into strips. To achieve the desired result, for cleaning and cutting potatoes, use a well sharpened knife. Cut just before cooking, otherwise after a while, the potatoes will darken and become unattractive.
3
Take the peeled tuber and cut it lengthwise into several plates of the same thickness (approximately 3-5 mm). Then each part cut in the same way along at a few straws. Thickness determine in its sole discretion, but, nevertheless, don't make the strips too thick, otherwise the potatoes will take longer fry, and this will negatively affect the flavor characteristics dishes.
4
Do the same with the other tubers. Cut into julienne potatoes and fold in a Cup of cold water to he's not black until you cut the rest of the tubers. If you want to cook "French fries," give the straw some time to dry. It is necessary to remove part of the starch.
5
If the potato sticks you cook very often, then just be smarter to buy special accessories for cutting, the choice of currently is large enough. With their help, cut the potatoes into strips for a few minutes. To billet it turned out beautiful and smooth, you will only need to learn how to use this device.

Advice 5: How to pick the early varieties of potatoes

Early varieties of potato and crops give before - after 50-60 days after planting. They are grown for summer consumption in Central Russia, where a short growing season, and also in the South before the heat. If you have a small house, put them on it early potatoes. It arrives to your table in the middle of summer. To get a good harvest you must skillfully choose the variety most appropriate for the area where there is your plot.
How to pick the early varieties of potatoes
Instruction
1
Be sure to choose planting material subject to zoning. For the North-Western, Western and Central regions of the European part of the country you want to buy only rakoustoychivyh varieties, such as "Vyatka", "Arina", "Warbah", "Bellarosa", "Rosalind", "Impala" etc. In the South, in the Volga region, where light soil with lack of moisture, it is better to grow varietiesresistant to drought and various viral diseases. Among them: "Spring", "Vineta", "Nevskiy", "good Luck."
2
Choose seed that is not grown South of Central Russia. Best in the Northern areas, for example, in the Arkhangelsk oblast or Komi Republic. Good seed potatoes are grown in the Leningrad and Murmansk regions. There, in the coastal Baltic sea site, summer is the cool weather. In the South due to high temperatures and numerous pests of potatoes is easily spread disease. Therefore, there is even the most elite varieties can degenerate in just one season. However, this factor is a big limiter of vectors — aphids, cicadas and the Colorado potato beetle.
3
Do not forget that palatability of potatoes is directly dependent on the starch content. The more starch, the better the vegetable. Increased compared with the other starch content of the early and mid-season have varieties of "Snow white", "Adretta", "nymph", "Svitanok Kiev".
4
When purchasing seed be sure to ask for a quality certificate. This will protect you from the fact that under the guise of "elite" you sell an ordinary potato. Should not be planted very small seeds — a good harvest will not work. In an extreme case, put in the hole 2-3 small potatoes.
Useful advice
Early and medium early varieties of potatoes to plant in late April – early may when the soil warms up to 6-8 degrees.
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