The climate in the nursery
In the first place in the children's need to create optimal conditions for the sick baby. The air temperature should be no higher than 16-18 degrees. To do this, open the window in the next room to the cool air pass freely in the nursery. The younger the child, the worse he works, the system of thermoregulation, sweating, and the faster it overheats. But one thing is inhalation of cool air allows you to remove the excess heat through the lungs. It is very desirable to additionally humidify the air, you can use the mobile humidifiers, and in the absence of special devices to hang a wet towel or sheet in the room.
The right clothes
Temperaturesare child should be properly dressed. Thin cotton t-shirts and panties will be enough, in extreme cases, if the child is chilly, you can wear a thin cotton pajamas. With younger children it is necessary to remove the diaper. You should not cover the baby with a warm blanket, and be sheets or duvet covers from cotton.
Loss of fluid for a child can be fatal. But if the baby has a fever, in almost all cases, there is dehydration (dehydration) the body loses water and salt, so the child with fever needs to strengthen drinking regime. The baby needs to drink water constantly. To give the fluid in small portions, but very often, guided by the urine output. The best mode of giving liquid is the use one teaspoon or tablespoon of water every 5-7 minutes. In addition to water, you can offer to drink is not very sweet fruit juice in small quantities, compote or juice. In addition, the pharmacies sell special drugs to combat the dehydration, which contain in their composition all the necessary salt. For example, the drug "Regidron" is sold in powder form and diluted with water. The cure helps replenish not only lost water, but also electrolytes.
All types of liquids are given alternately. As soon as the child starts to urinate regularly, you can increase the time between taking water twice. It is important to know that the higher the temperature, the more pronounced dehydration. Small children can be immediately served via a syringe (without a needle) or from a bottle. Infants should not be restricted in milk. And in breaks between feedings, you need to give clean water. Should not immediately give large volume of fluids, it could trigger vomiting.
Physical methods of cooling
The most effective physical method of cooling rubbing the child with a towel soaked in warm water. The water temperature should be 1-2 degrees lower than the body temperature of a sick toddler. You cannot use cold water. It is possible to wipe the whole body, especially the face, scalp, neck. After wiping can be a time to fan the child with a fan for faster evaporation of water from the surface of the body and more rapid cooling.
Absolutely can not wipe the baby with vodka, rubbing alcohol or vinegar!!! The known facts of a poisoning of children with alcohol because of its absorption through the skin and inhalation of the vapours of alcohol and vinegar.
Another method of physical cooling is the use of hot water bottles with cold water. This warmer should be filled with cold water, then wrap it in a cotton cloth or Terry towel and apply to certain areas of the body and the baby. Applying a cold compress to the forehead to the side of the neck in projection of carotid arteries), armpits, lower ribs, right (in the projection of the liver). In each area, hot water bottle with cold water can be a few minutes. In addition, now there are cooling patches that are attached to the forehead.
To dive temperaturesare the baby with the bath water is resorted to only in extreme cases when other methods are ineffective, and medicines are unavailable. The water temperature in the bath should be 1-2 degrees less than the temperature of the child. The dip should occur slow and steady. Too rapid immersion of the child in a bath with too cold water can lead to reflex cardiac arrest and breathing.