Advice 1: How to determine the degree of wear at home on your own

Many buyers believe the percentage of wear of residential buildings a secondary and insignificant. The main parameters when choosing a home or apartment, in most cases, be appearance and finish, which subsequently leads to unwanted and unplanned costs and problems. To determine the percentage of wear at home independently.
How to determine the degree of wear at home on your own

Wear homes – is a combination of features, quality characteristics, and many other important parameters. To determine the degree of wear of the structure is not always possible, so it is better to use the services of professionals. Thus it is possible to avoid additional financial costs in the repair of houses, communication systems after acquisition, and home will serve the new owner for much longer.

Why specialist?

Sellers of real estate, whether a private home or apartment in an apartment building, often before the sale is carried out minor surface finishing, to cover significant damage to walls, floor or ceiling. For example, cracks stick with thick Wallpaper or overwrite of building mixtures of low quality, plumbing systems, water supply and heating sections are painted to hide the damage, etc., Such "finishing" work to hide the damage and in consequence of inattentive buyers are forced to change, repair, and in difficult cases and spend money on the purchase of other living space. Professionals are paid to examination of the structure much more attention, only they can find damage to where a person without experience and did not think to look for them. Assessment of the deterioration of buildings doing service examination of the property, where you can order departure of the expert to the place of inspection at a convenient time for the customer.

The main parameters for determining deterioration of a structure

Evaluation of the wear happens at home according to the established order and its course determined the most significant parameters.

- Year of construction – it is believed that one year operation of the building equates to 1% of wear.

- Exterior facade and interior – no cracks, difference plates and the curvature of the walls increases the operational data structure. Their presence directly indicates the alarm status of the house and its Foundation, increases the risk of failure of beams and their complete collapse.

The quality of material from which constructed the building – wooden building prone to damage by insects, rodents and, therefore, wear faster, a brick or stone promotes the growth of fungal organisms. To determine the quality of material of the building can only be a specialist.

- Status of heating in private homes is of almost paramount importance – it is the fault leads to a fire or simply the lack of heating.

The condition and availability of water, gas and electricity supply, sewage system, from these settings affect the future quality of operation of the building and the amount of funds that you will need to invest in repairs after purchase.

Self-assessment of wear

If it is not possible to order the inspection by the specialist, you can do it yourself. The first thing to look for when inspecting your home, it is a structural condition, floor, ceiling and roof. Floors must be sturdy, be free of any signs of decay and activity of insects or rodents. Special attention is needed to explore the building, built over 70 years ago, as the rate of wear and tear, according to age, is already more than 50%.

By defining all these parameters correctly, you can significantly reduce the cost of the project or to avoid the risk of purchase a building unfit for use.

Advice 2: How to determine the percentage of wear

The definition of percentage, the degree of wear is required in assessing the market value of the real estate to decrease and predict future changes. The concept of depreciation includes physical depreciation of the object, functional (moral) obsolescence, or obsolescence due to the ravages of the environment.
How to determine the percentage of wear
Instruction
1
To evaluate the wear property on the basis of its actual status, as well as using the data of accounting and statistical reporting. In addition to physical, functional and external wear is divided into recoverable and non-recoverable.
2
The degree of physical wear and tear determines the additional cost of bringing the building to a condition suitable for its further safe operation. The magnitude of such costs can be comparable to the cost object, so it is important with a high degree of accuracy to determine the amount of wear of the object and its component parts.
3
This question is quite complicated because of the design features of real estate and the impact on the wear of the various factors that cause uneven destructive changes in the design of the facility, its systems and components. The percentage of wear of the property, therefore, should be determined element by element. The appraiser is required to do this separately to see all the structural system of a building or structure, identify and document signs of wearthat are typical for each structural system and measure the percentage of wear on each.
4
To certain constructive system should include flooring, doorways, basement, walls, interior partitions, floors and roof. For each of these systems has installed signs of wear.
5
When inspecting the basement for this purpose, you will not be able to inspect it fully, as its lower part may not be available for inspection. The basis for determining the percent of wear of the Foundation will be the inspection of basement and cellar. For the base, the wear of which does not exceed 10% is characterized by the absence of deformation, cracking and chipping of mortar in the brickwork, exfoliation of the plaster layer. The basement must be dry, waterproofing is not compromised.
6
Signs of wear of the walls depend on the material from which they are made. If the walls were of brick, the signs of wear include chipping of mortar in masonry, cracks in it, the deviation from the vertical and the condition of the brick.
7
The roof structure consists of roof and supporting structure. For the roof the degree of wear is determined by the number of leaks, and the load-bearing structure – as material and geometry distortion.
8
The total percentage of depreciation is determined based on the percentage value of each element in the cost of the entire facility. These data locate in the directory "Integrated indexes replacement cost," which for all real estate objects of a certain class given the percentage contributions of each structural system in the total cost of the property.
9
In case of doubts and suspicions of hidden defects. a special technical expertise using tools and laboratory analysis. Such experts, equipment and the possibilities for specialized organizations which should apply in this case.

Advice 3: How to determine the wear of automobile tires

Check the wear of tires is one of the most important events in terms of car care. Timely inspection of the condition of the rubber will help avoid accidents on the road, extra costs, and even save your life and the lives of your passengers. A reasonable solution is to periodically seek the advice of professionals, however, you can learn to determine the degree of wear on their own. There are several reliable ways.
How to determine the wear of automobile tires
Instruction
1
Leading tire manufacturers usually specify the rate of mileage to each of the models. This is a different value, and they are very relative. A lot depends on the quality of the source material, the condition of the road surface, driving style etc. This method of determining the wear of rubber is widespread, but it is not the best because of the uncertainty of the outcome.
2
Pay attention to the wear indicators – TWI (Tread Wear Indicator). They are installed by manufacturers of many brands of tires. Usually the indicators are a narrow strip between the tread blocks. For its detection should carefully inspect the sidewall. Try to see either the brand name of the manufacturer, or the arrow, or letter. If the indicator is in contact with the road (seen right), replace the tire.
3
Explore the depth of the profile. Experienced drivers determine the rate at eyes, the other with a ruler. The critical tread depth is considered to be 1.6 mm for summer tyres and 4mm for winter. Better not to bring the tires up to these minimum marks, since they already almost do not provide adhesion with the road. You are wise to change the tires earlier.
4
Stock up on foreign and domestic coins. Cheerful and resourceful motorists are used to determine the tire wear American 1-dollar coin, which depicts George Washington. Follow their example: in the groove of the tread, insert a coin to the top of the head of the President facing down. If the hair ends Washington's visible, it's time to change tires, if not visible, the tires will serve you.

If you had only a penny with a picture of Lincoln, and be content with them. If inserted in the groove of the tread of the coin the head of Lincoln is visible, then most likely it is time to change the tires on new.

In your pocket is ringing only domestic change? It doesn't matter. Take the 2-ruble coin, and do it with the procedure described above. The eagle head must be at the bottom. If the top of the proud bird is seen on the surface of the tread, the tire still will serve you. But if it is at least partially immersed in the groove, your tires should be replaced.

Despite the apparent futility of this method, it accurately shows the degree of tire wear. By resorting to this method many motorists.
Useful advice
Check the tires for wear at least once during the month. After all, the eternal rubber has not yet been invented, and expose themselves and their passengers risk not worth it.
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