The thymus gland is responsible for the formation and further development of immune system cells (T-lymphocytes), which are designed to protect the body of a newborn baby from many different infections, viruses, and bacteria. Lately quite frequent was the presence of infants pathology of the increase of the thymus (thymus gland), with the name of the thymomegaly.

In the case where an infant has been a significant increase of the thymus gland (compared with the age norm), then it is quite possible, the development of the child various allergic reactions, and also occurrence of various infectious or viral diseases.

The reasons for the increase of the thymus gland in an infant

This disease is transmitted to kids at the genetic level. In addition, the growth of the thymus gland in infancy can occur as a result of pregnancy pathologies, previously transferred infectious diseases of the mother or if the pregnancy was late. Various endocrine diseases or diseases of the blood can also cause the appearance of this pathology.

Symptoms increase the thymus in a child may be:

- excess body weight at birth;
- the rapid recruitment or loss of weight of the baby;
- the presence of frequent regurgitation;
- pallor of the skin;
- susceptibility to frequent colds;
- excessive sweating;
- the presence of cough (unrelated to respiratory viral diseases);
- blue discoloration of the skin at the whims or the crying of the child;
- venous mesh in the chest area;
increase in size of lymph nodes, tonsils and adenoids;
- low muscle tone;
- heart rhythm abnormalities.

Treatment increase of the thymus gland in infants

Often, the presence of enlarged thymus in infants does not require any special treatment. Usually by 5-6 years, this problem disappears on its own. It is very important appeal for increased attention to strengthening and maintaining the immune system and ensuring healthy and balanced nutrition. In addition, you need to constantly observe the regime of the day in which the child will be good enough to sleep and be required amount of time in the fresh air.

In severe form of the disease in infants may need treatment, which necessarily must be under the strict supervision of an endocrinologist.