Pain in the vagina or vulvovaginal pain can be a symptom of vulvodynia, which usually appears in cases of injuries, vaginitis, skin diseases and tumors. Vulvovaginal pain is sometimes a symptom of vaginismus is a painful contraction of the muscles of the vestibule of the vagina and the vagina during attempts of introduction of a tampon, penis. Vaginismus is not associated with pathological changes in the genital organs, he has a conditioned reflex nature.
The pain in vulva and vagina during and after sex can indicate the presence of gynecological diseases, or has a psychological basis. The reasons for the appearance of pain in the vagina also include the sexually transmitted diseases that can be caused by urogenital infections (Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, Candida, Gardnerella, viruses sexual herpes, chlamydia).
Pathogens cause inflammatory processes in the mucous membrane of the vulva, cervix, vagina, uterine body and appendages. The inflammation causes tissue in this area can be injured very easily. Symptoms of the inflammatory process are: itching, burning sensation around the vulva and vagina, heavy discharge (mucous or Muco-purulent) from the genital tract, sometimes with an unpleasant smell.
In some cases, pain in the vagina appear after sex. In such cases, sexual intercourse is not accompanied by orgasm. The cause of pain is stagnation of blood that usually accompanies chronic inflammatory processes. Pain in the vagina can occur due to trauma (perineal, vaginal) surgical procedures performed in the external genitals during childbirth. This leads to disruption of blood supply, innervation of the genital organs and become painful.
Pain in the vagina during sex can occur due to insufficient lubrication of the genital organs of a woman. In turn, the cause of this phenomenon are considered to be hormonal changes. The decrease in estrogen levels during periods of lactation, the menopause leads to insufficient lubrication or the development of dystrophic changes of the vaginal mucosa. Sometimes it is quite difficult to detect the cause of pain in the vagina. If this fails, the treatment is primarily directed at its elimination. In some cases, required consultations of related specialists proctologist, urologist, endocrinologist, neurologist, sex therapist.