Diseases of the digestive system as a cause of epigastric pain
Gastritis of autoimmune origin. In this case the mucous membrane of the stomach is suffering from increased aggressiveness of the immune system. She starts working against the cells of the body, not against foreign microorganisms. Mucous cells are destroyed, resulting in the development of the inflammatory process. A characteristic discomfort in the epigastric region in the form of heartburn, dull pain.
Pancreatitis – inflammation of the glandular tissue of the pancreas. The girdle pain, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Most frequently occurs after meals. If struck by the head of the pancreas, pain in the epigastrium on the right if the tail is on the left. The pain is piercing, burning character.
Purulent peritonitis – inflammation of peritoneum. Infection infection most often occurs from some other internal organ. Epigastric pain sharp, worse, there is fever. Nausea and vomiting is not facilitate well-being, muscles of the anterior abdominal wall tense all the time.
Hiatal hernia through an enlarged opening of the diaphragm into the chest cavity is shifted to the lower esophagus. When injected into the esophagus of acidic stomach contents heartburn. Epigastric pain, bloating and cramping. Increased intra-abdominal pressure.
Acute appendicitis – inflammation of the Appendix, a blind intestinal process. Acute pain located in the epigastric region and below. On the left there is a small muscle tension and soreness upon palpation.
Acute duodenitis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the duodenum. Besides pain in the epigastrium, the nausea, vomiting and weakness. Usually develops on the background of acute inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Perforated ulcer posterior wall of the stomach – occurs through a defect in the posterior wall of the stomach with the release of content into the abdominal cavity. The epigastric pain sharp, "stabbing", of the abdominal wall muscles are painful and tense. The slightest movement increases the pain.
Causes of pain in the epigastric region may be quite commonplace. For example, constipation or food poisoning. Also the pain may be associated with dysfunction of other internal organs, along the digestive system.
Myocardial infarction epigastric pain sharp, gives to the heart and the area of the blades. Also in this area is ill with pyelonephritis, an inflammation of the tubules of the kidneys. Also, when left-sided pneumonia.
Renal colic occurs due to the violation of the outflow of urine. Characterized by cramping pain. The attack begins suddenly, is not associated with physical activity. The pain is excruciating and sharp, nothing easier.
Pleurisy – inflammation of pleura that covers the inner surface of the sternum and lungs. Pain in the chest radiates to the epigastric region. Increases with cough. The body temperature rises, the patient feels fatigue. Respiratory mobility of the lungs is limited.