Testicles are a very important organ of the male reproductive system, in which there is formation of sperm and the formation of sexual hormone - testosterone. If the development of the egg stops when it reaches the size of 4 cm, the diagnosis of hypoplasia. It can be unilateral (affects one testicle) or bilateral.
In unilateral hypoplasia is the underdevelopment of the left or the right testicle. While healthy has a normal size and shape, its function also is not broken. It is a favorable form of the disease, as a healthy egg in their work compensates for the lack of function of the patient. The reduction in testosterone may be minor, rarely disturbed hormonal balance and reproductive function in men.
While bilateral hypoplasia observed hypoplasia of both testicles, while there are always hormonal spheres, including reproductive health, and symptoms of testosterone deficiency. These include decreased libido, impotence, faintness secondary male sexual characteristics.
The most frequent consequences of hypoplasia include infertility, especially in men with bilateral pathology. They are usually diagnosed absolute male infertility, as it does not work both testicles. If the disease is not to be treated on time it can lead to atrophy and degeneration of the testis, which adds to the patient and even psychological problems. In addition, hypoplasia often gives impetus to the development of malignant tumors.
Treatment of hypoplasia of the testes is engaged in the doctor-urologist or andrologist, and it depends on what form of the disease in the patient. Under a unilateral form of drug treatment is often not required, you need regular medical observation for the timely identification of disease progression and prevention of various complications. For this it is necessary by all means to prevent inflammatory processes in the urogenital field to avoid hypothermia, a casual sexual relationship, to observe personal hygiene.
If a man diagnosed with bilateral hypoplasia, you only need medication. The doctor prescribes testosterone drugs, their dosage and length of treatment is calculated individually for each patient and depends on the severity of the disease, the level of testosterone in the blood. They can be taken courses, but most require constant application. But even hormone-replacement therapy does not guarantee that there will be complications in the form of tumours.
If the patient developed a tumor, especially malignant is a direct indication for surgical treatment, which is performed when the complete removal of one or both testicles. After the operation obligatorily hormone replacement therapy testosterone. The man's desire is prosthetic testicles, this surgery is purely for aesthetic reasons, is generally well tolerated and does not pose a risk to health.