You will need
- - linguistic dictionary;
- - analyzed text.
Start a style definition with specifying the scope of the text and its main features. • Scientific style is used in scientific articles, textbooks, lectures, reviews, etc Such texts provide information about the phenomena around us and "fed" the material from a scientific point of view.• The official style used in the sphere of legal relations, office, industrial, diplomatic. Its main function is information message. He is stereotyping the construction of the text when writing various documents, regulations, instructions, etc• Journalistic style is the style of Newspapers, speeches on topical socio-political issues. In works of journalism usually put two objectives: informing about certain social phenomena and a concurrent impact on the reader or hearer.• The art style used in works of fiction and is intended for imaging and emotional-aesthetic impact on the reader.• Conversational style is the style of colloquial speech, i.e. its main function is to ensure communication between native speakers. In written form it exists in works of art for the transmission of dialogue and speech characteristics of the hero.
When determining the style of the text , consider its linguistic features. Scientific texts full of special vocabulary, terms, words are almost always in direct value to avoid ambiguity of interpretation. In the documents of official-business style of a lot of words and phrases, which are called kantselyarizmami and attach textm prescriptive, for example: it is necessary urgently to prepare for the expiration, without appeal, to consider in the established order, etc. In the lexicon of journalistic style many turns socio-political nature, in the syntax used exclamation and imperative sentences. Characteristic language technique of artistic style is the extensive use of words in figurative meaning to create an image and emotional and evaluative words to Express the author's position. In a conversational style in large quantity are used in spoken and colloquial vocabulary and structure incomplete sentences.
When determining the type of speech, consider how you "served" the content of the statements. If the text tells about the events, following each other actions is narrative. In the descriptive textx refers to the simultaneity of the manifestations of the signs of objects, phenomena or actions. For reasoning is characterized by the presence of statements (the thesis), which should prove, argumentation framework with actual examples.
As a special type of speech stands out assessment of reality, which is expressed adjectives, nouns, status words, combination of words of type "well!..", "what!.." etc.