Advice 1: How to determine the type of text

Type of speech is the method of presentation chosen by the author and focused on the execution of a task, for example, to describe reality or to dynamically tell about it. In accordance with these objectives, our speech can be divided into description, narration, reasoning. Each type of speech has its own unique characteristics.
How to determine the type of text
Description – this image of the phenomena, objects, persons by successive transfer and disclosure of its main characteristics. For example, describing a person, we highlight the following signs: height, posture, age, eyes, hair color and so on; the description of the apartment will contain other signs: the size, the height of the walls, decoration, furniture, number of Windows. The purpose of this type of speech lies in the fact that the reader saw the subject matter, was able to imagine it in your imagination.

Description can be found in all styles of speech, but in scientific style the characteristics of items should be the most complete and artistic style, the emphasis is only on the most striking features. Therefore, the language tools in artistic style is more diverse compared to the research: it can be not only nouns and adjectives but also adverbs, verbs, are also common epithets, comparisons.
A narrative is a story about the event compliance with the interim order. For any narrative text is the presence of ties (the beginning event), the development of the event and the denouement (the end of the narrative). You can tell how from a third party (author's story) and first person (the narrator is named or referred to by using the pronoun "I").

In the narrative the most often used verbs of the past tense perfective. But to enhance the expression of the text, the author can use other: verbs present allow the reader to visualize the action takes place in their eyes, the perfect verbs show the duration of the operation, the future tense form help the author to convey the swiftness and unexpectedness of the action.
The argument is the study of the properties of various objects and phenomena, examination of their relationship. The reasoning goes as follows: first is formed by the thesis (the idea you want to prove or disprove), then lists the arguments with examples, and the final part is the conclusion.

The thesis should be clear, the arguments cogent and sufficient to confirm the proposed thesis. Between the thesis and arguments should be visible to a logical connection.

Advice 2 : How to determine the idea of the text

The idea of the text is easy enough to determine once you read or listen to the text. Or before writing your own work on a given topic. A few simple recommendations will help you to easily cope with the task.
How to determine the idea of the text
Note that the definition of ideas refers to the process of linguistic analysis of the text. Along with the idea of this analysis in the text also defined the theme and form, that is, the type, composition, style, and figurative-expressive means.
Please note that the idea of the text is recommended to designate the writing of essays on any topic, the analysis of the text, and when writing special works on the subject of defining the idea of the text or linguistic analysis in General. In any case, before writing the essay you have to imagine what will be the idea of your text, so defining ideas of his own works is recommended prior to performing the work.
Keep in mind that the word "idea" translates from Greek as "shape, a prototype", in fact means the mental prototype of any phenomena, objects, or principles, which displays their essence, essential characteristics. Thus, in the literature the idea is called main idea of the work, the author or the most important part of the plan.
For the analysis of existing text to read or listen to a work of art with pencil in hand.
Try briefly to fix the replays. Usually by means of repetition, the author concentrates the reader's attention to any details.
Think about the text. Try to find an answer to the question: why is it written? For which the author worked on the product, spend your time and energy? For what purpose was the creation of a work? I wanted to tell the author in this text? What he tries to call? In other words, what problem or question the writer wanted to focus on.
Try not to confuse the idea of the text with the theme. The theme is determined by the answer to the question: what is a text? The idea, unlike threads, can have a deeper meaning.
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