Advice 1: How to define text style

In different speech situations we tend to use different styles of speech. Styles of speech in the Russian language are divided into two groups: speaking and reading. And that book in turn are divided into artistic, publicistic, officially-business and scientific. Each functional style of speech has its own peculiarities.
How to define text style
Instruction
1
Conversational style.

Conversational style is used for everyday communication, when a man shares his feelings or thoughts with others in an informal setting. It has a spoken and colloquial language. This style differs from the other large semantic capacity, colorfulness, it gives your speech expressiveness, and brightness.
Speech genres: the dialogue, the conversation, the private conversation or private email.

Language tools: imagery, simplicity, emotionality, expressive vocabulary, the use of introductory words, interjections, repetitions of words appeals.
2
The scientific style.

The main function of the scientific style of message information, facts, and proof their truth.

Speech genres: the research article, monograph, academic books, report, thesis, etc.

Language tools: terminology, availability of scientific words, professionalisms, abstract vocabulary.

Features of style: the predominance of nouns in a sentence, the consistency, accuracy, validity, certainty, universality, objectivity.
3
Official business style.

Used to inform people in a formal setting. The official style is used in the following documents: laws, orders, receipts, statements, protocols, etc. Scope of application this style is right, the author may speak as a lawyer, diplomat, lawyer or just a citizen.

Stylistic features: precision, standardisierung, lack of emotion, the presence of speech patterns, use of terminology and abbreviations.
4
The journalistic style.

Publicistic style is to inform people in the media. This style can be found in reports, articles, interviews, essays, oratory. Information to be communicated in a journalistic style, designed not for a narrow circle of people, and for wider society.

Stylistic traits: emotionality, prisebnost, logical evaluation.
5
The artistic style.

Used in the literature. The purpose of art is to influence the reader and convey the feelings and thoughts of the author, his experiences.

Stylistic traits: emotional speech, imagery, the use of all the resources of the vocabulary.

Advice 2: Styles of speech in the Russian language

For each area of social life characterized by the use of associated style of communication and writing. Knowledge of the styles of speech gives an idea of what language means you need to use in a given situation.
Styles of speech in the Russian language

The concept of style of speech



The styles of speech serve any sphere of human life, and therefore each style is allocated in two ways: communication and goal communication. The style is historically a system of language means and their organization in a particular sphere of human communication (public life): the sphere of science, official-business relations, campaign activity, verbal and artistic creativity, the sphere of everyday communication.

In the Russian language there are five styles of speech: speaking; fiction; journalistic; official; scientific. In General, all styles of speech can be divided into two large groups: conversational style on the one hand and a book styles of speech (artistic, publicistic, officially-business, scientific). All styles of the Russian language are characterized by their core functions, leading stylistic features and language features.

Conversational style



A conversational style is appropriate for casual conversation, because the purpose of it is communication between people. As in conversation it is not prepared in advance, the characteristic features of this style is the incompleteness of the expressed thoughts and emotions. In different eras conversational style had its own lexical and grammatical features, and the culture speaking it is possible to judge about the General level of culture of individuals, particular social groups or the nation as a whole.

The basis of conversational style are the neutral language, i.e. words used in all speech styles: family, to go, lunch etc. make up a Smaller percentage of spoken words (bryaknut, Dorm), vernacular (now this morning) and slang (kid, grandmother). The peculiarity of the syntactic constructions of colloquial style is the use of mostly incomplete sentences (Natasha home, he followed her.). In addition, the important role played by gestures, facial expressions, replacing a piece of information that could be put into words.

Book styles



Among the book there are four style of speech.

Scientific style is used in the field of scientific activities is implemented and, as a rule, dissertations, course, control and diploma works. The main feature of this style is consistency, clarity and lack of showing any emotions by the author.

Publicistic style is used not only to convey particular information, but also to influence the feelings and thoughts of listeners or readers. It is typical for presentations at various meetings, newspaper articles, analysis and information transmission. Journalistic style characterized by emotionality and expressiveness.

The official style is characterized by the lack of emotionality of the presentation, standardization and conservatism. It is used in the writing of the laws, orders, and various legal documents. The standard of writing is expressed in the writing of these documents according to the established pattern — pattern.

The art style is different from the rest of the book styles the fact that in writing his works, the author can use almost any of the above styles. And since literature reflects all spheres of human activity are used and colloquialisms and dialects, and slang speech.
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