The basis of support for unemployed make payments of unemployment benefits. Benefit amount the minimum and maximum R. 850 - 4900 R. It is set by the state.
Basic concepts. Unemployed people — a status that is documented in the employment service. The unemployment benefit is a cash payment given as a guarantee from the state to the person remaining without a job. The employment service is one of the most important state structures, which has the ability to predict the events of the labour market and prevent possible negative consequences.
In addition to the basic support of the unemployed population, there are also other additional benefits. They will be documented and are subject to difficult financial situation of the unemployed.
Free or subsidized public utility services, including electricity, water, sewer. This kind of benefits for the unemployed does not officially exist, but you can contact the center for subsidies due to the fact that the payment of unemployment significantly below the subsistence level, consequently there is the possibility of obtaining subsidies.
The tax exemption or deferral. This benefit is provided only if necessary, in the absence of the unemployed have additional earnings, except for hired labor. Otherwise earnings can be attributed to trade, maintenance of farms, the private carting and other activities.
Supplements to unemployment benefits. Issued additionally in the absence of other sources of income such as selling goods from his garden and other types of jobs.
Travel privileges in public transport. Available to those who are not entitled to free travel.
Financial assistance during the period of temporary disability in the case of deprivation of unemployment benefits. This warranty is provided only if properly executed the sick list.
One-time assistance at the death of a close relative of the unemployed. Executed in the presence of a death certificate and proof of relationship (birth certificate, marriage). Close relatives are spouses, parents and brothers and sisters.
The documents necessary for granting benefits: employment history, proof of income from previous employment, educational documents and their photocopies, passport and its photocopy, in the presence of minor children - their birth certificate and a photocopy of it, a statement of registration with the employment service as unemployed, and other documents at the request of the employment service.
Privileges and guarantees granted by the state and are regulated by legislative acts, codes.
Advice 2: What benefits are available to disabled 2 groups
Group of disability is assigned to the patient according to the results of the survey in Bureau mediko-social examination. People with disabilities entitled to various measures of social support provided by the state. Benefits are provided for the entire period of disability until the next examination. To apply for the provisions required payments to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation and regional social security authority.
You will need
- reference Bureau of the ITU of the assignment of II group of disability;
- - the passport of the citizen of the Russian Federation;
- - the policy of obligatory medical insurance;
- - the pension certificate;
- - other documents on demand of bodies of social protection.
Invalids of the second group have the right to cash benefit, which consists of pension charges for disability and monthly monetary payments (EDV). The amount of the pension is determined by the state for each disability group. It can be increased depending on the number of dependents, for example young children, under the care of a person with disabilities. The revision of the minimum pension payments and allowances to disabled persons of all groups is performed only by the decision of the Federal authorities.
Monthly payments from 2005 set the disabled of the second group instead of some of the concessions offered previously in its natural form. The size EDV is calculated in accordance with Federal regulations in effect at the time of treatment of the disabled person for payment.
The beneficiaries of the second group have the right to receive social services - "social package". It includes: provision of medicines, rehabilitation of health in sanatoria and health resorts, free transportation to the place of treatment and back long-distance and suburban transport.
Disabled given the right to choose the type of benefits: natural form or cash equivalent. If a person wants to receive the money, according to his personal statement to the Department Pension Fund, this amount is added to the EDV. You can use a combined scheme. In this case, money is replaced by part of the benefits package. For example, the disabled person has decided to obtain medications for free, and the benefits for sanatorium-resort treatment and travel costs to replace cash compensation.
It is extremely important for people with disabilities are incentives for individual rehabilitation. These measures of social support provided to persons with disabilities on two fronts: from the Federal budget and regional target programs. On favorable terms can be obtained: wheelchair, prosthesis, hearing AIDS, orthopaedic shoes, bandages, etc.
People with disabilities are entitled to social services. In the list of services provided by a social worker, most often included the following: home care for a single disabled person, assistance in obtaining patients medical, legal, social services, assistance in leisure activities, vocational training, employment, etc. Social services are provided at the request of the disabled person and can be free and partly paid. Free services are social security beneficiaries whose incomes are below the regional subsistence minimum.
For owners of the second group of disability the state provides benefits in the educational sphere. To a greater extent they will be useful for young people with disabilities, seeking to realize yourself in any profession. The production of a certificate from the Bureau of the ITU is disabled out of the competition, enrolled in the University or College for free. Prerequisite is only the successful passing of entrance examinations. During the training period the disabled stipend will be paid regardless of the level of achievement.
Employers must establish an employee having second-degree disability, shortened work week (35 hours) and maintain full salary. To attract patients to overtime work only in the absence of medical contraindications and with the written consent of the disabled person.
Housing benefits for owners of the second group include a discount for payment of state or municipal residential premises in the amount of 50% to utilities in any residential Fund in the amount of 50%. If certain chronic diseases (as approved by the Government of the Russian Federation to the list) with disability must be provided with housing on favorable terms.
Benefits you can use when paying personal income tax, transport, land and property taxes. In some cases persons with disabilities are fully exempt from payment of state fees and partially from payment of notarial services.
To see a complete list and the size of the Federal and regional benefits in force at the place of residence of the disabled person in regional, city or district the body of social protection of the population.
Advice 3: What are the benefits to disabled groups
One of the most common issues people are having first, second, or third group of disability is a question of the privileges granted to them by the Russian legislation. Net list of benefits depends on a person's disability group: the higher it is, the more benefits he receives.
If you are an invalid of the first group, know that you are eligible for a 50% discount on payment for public utility services such as gas, water, electricity and heating, as well as 50% discount for payment home phone and medicines prescribed by a doctor and included in the list of preferential medicines. 50% discount is also provided for travel by rail or by air during the "autumn-spring".
In addition, you get free travel on any form of urban and suburban transport, mandatory leave equal to 30 calendar days leave without pay of 60 calendar days and a free Spa treatment once a year.
The list of benefits granted to invalids of the first group are a reduction of the working day or working week and a ban on involvement in night work, overtime without their prior consent. Released disabled of the first group and from the payment of land tax.
If you have a second group of disability, you are entitled to the same benefits as for disabled of the first group. In addition to these, you are partially exempt from the payment of taxes associated with ownership of vehicles and real estate.
People with the third group of disability provided a lower level of benefits compared to disabled first and second groups. In the list of benefits includes: free travel on public transport (except taxi), 50% discount on travel by rail during the "autumn-spring", free Spa treatment, 1 time in 2 years.
Invalids of the third group can claim on compulsory leave of 26 calendar days, and leave without pay with a duration of 30 calendar days. With the consent of the management of the organization, a third group disabled may work part-time or part-time. The salary will be Pro rata to time. In the list of benefits for people includes the prohibition of forcible engaging them in night or overtime work.
Persons with disabilities and the first, second, and third groups are eligible for monthly cash benefits, the amount of which does not depend on their seniority and the circumstances under which was the injury or illness leading to disability.
Advice 4: What are the benefits to enroll in the University silver medalists
Admission to the University – the process is troublesome, and not always possible to get to the initially desired direction. However, a great advantage for the entrant is the availability of not only high scores for the exam, but gold or silver coin.
The silver medal is not always a determining factor in obtaining any benefits to enroll in higher education. But if you also passed the Unified state exam for high scores, the probability of this is greatly increased. In addition, in combination are taken into account and various certificates received for prize-winning places at the Olympics and other major events and competitions. Only in such cases, applicants can expect to receive benefits and the successful completion of the qualifying competition.
First we need to decide what universities you want to apply, and to decide what direction and form of learning suits most. If you have a silver medal, it makes sense to participate in the competition for budget places. For admission to the University on the budgetary form of training the student will receive completely free education and a monthly stipend.
Find out which universities in your city or region have a budget, how to apply, and as will be the qualifying competition. Typically, most agencies require the personal presence of the student for the written statement. In the presence of silver medals must independently come to the University to fill the application form for admission, submit documents about complete secondary education and to show the members of the Commission all of the existing achievements, including the medal.
Watch how is the competition on the official website of the University. Of course, students with a gold medal, as well as social benefit recipients can take a higher position, but silver medalists usually are at a good place. Remember that coming into wwhy have the right to apply to five different institutions. This increases the chances of successful completion of the selection at budget places.
Advice 5: What are the benefits from gold medalists
Even twenty years ago, the gold medal "For special successes in the doctrine" was a kind of admission in the University. The graduates-medalists of it was enough to pass one core exam on excellent to become students. But gradually the privileges received "gold" and "silver" medals for admission to universities decreased, while in 2009 they are not abolished altogether.
In Soviet times, to a gold or silver medal for excellent study was difficult and very prestigious. For graduates-medalists provided a number of benefits for admission to the University.
In 2009, the Minister of education and science Andrei Fursenko announced changes to the rules of admission to universities for the medalists. Privileges for entering higher educational institutions standouts were eliminated. Now the medalists are doing in institutes and universities on a common basis.
Associated this change with the widespread introduction of schools in the exam in 2009. Now there was no sense enrolling in universities gold medalists in the special conditions. Were the main results of the unified state examination, the higher they are, the higher the chance of admission to the selected University.
Gold medalists and winners of all-Russian competitions may submit the certificate of gold medal or certificate of victory in the Olympics only in one higher educational institution in the other four universities they serve copies of the certificate of the exam and come back on a General basis. But especially worry the winners of the Olympiads is not: their testimony of winning is equal to 100 points received on the exam, and practically guarantees admission to selected relevant University.
However, gold medalists have some advantages today. Under the new rules, is credited to the University an applicant with a gold medal at equal quantity of points with other contenders.
In addition, the company Aeroflot provides incentives to gold medalists from remote regions of the Russian Federation who enter the universities of Moscow. Aeroflot provides them with discounts of 50% payment of tickets for flights from place of residence to Moscow. This exemption applies to graduates of Kamchatka, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Omsk, Chita, Perm and Sverdlovsk regions, as well as on gold medal of Khabarovsk and Primorye territories.
Advice 6: What benefits might undo Russian Railways
Today pupils and students during the school year can ride on the trains with 50% discount, which allows them well to save. These benefits are financed by the state, from January 1, 2013 payment may be cancelled.
In August 2012 on the website of the Ministry of Finance was placed draft budget policy guidelines for 2013-2015. The government plans to abandon support for preferential journey of students in suburban and long-distance in the General and couchette cars. This is not spoken, but proposes measures "to reduce the budget allocations for compensation of losses in incomes of the organization of railway transport".
The representative of the press service of Russian Railways Gennady Verkhovykh said that the Railways are alarmed by the situation and considers it necessary to preserve the benefits for students of internal form of training. However, to Fund benefits at their own expense, Railways does not consider it possible.
Of course we are talking about big money, but the Railways cannot be called modest organization. Being in the position of a monopolist, Russian Railways itself establishes the fares and receives huge profits. At the same time citizens pay taxes and may rely on the care of the state about such socially unprotected layers of society, as students and schoolchildren. What the outcome of the dispute between the monopoly and the Ministry of Finance, will show time.
Previously the first person in the country stated that the problem of accommodation for students, you need to decide only at the end of 2011, President Dmitry Medvedev urged regional authorities to meet the students. Before the election have been granted privileges students from some of the regions in which previously they were not, there was a 50% discount on travel on the upper shelves, not only during the school year and during summer and winter vacations.
Delivered today the question of the abolition of benefits for travel negates even these small achievements. First and foremost, the abolition of the special rates will hurt families with modest incomes. Many will be forced to abandon education in another city, there will be social tensions in society.
Advice 7: How to get exemption on payment of utility services
One of the directions of the state policy is to increase the level of living of the population. In the framework of this direction by the social support in the form of privileges for payment housing-utilities. The right to benefits are not all but only certain categories of citizens.
You will need
- - statement of benefits;
- - extract from the house register;
- - documents for the apartment;
- - the document proving the identity;
- - a document confirming the right to privileges;
- - Bank account / social security card.
Privileges on payment of housing and communal services can apply only those categories of citizens specified in the law of the Russian Federation. At this point in the list of beneficiaries included heroes of socialist labour, participants of the great Patriotic war, home front workers, honourable donors of Russia and the USSR, as well as disabled, large families and people exposed to radiation. Depending on the region, this list can be extended but not shortened.
Visit the housing and communal organization and write a statement which should contain a request to grant you privileges on payment of housing and communal services , specifying the reasons.
Take the extract from the house register, which must be specified what area is your property and how many people with you in the apartment. Also you must have a document that defines the form of the ownership of the dwelling. It is assumed that it does not matter, privatized your apartment or not.
Prepare the document certifying your identity. You will also need proof that you belong to the category of citizens which has the right to benefits.
Imagine a certificate of family composition. Under the amendment of the law "On veterans", the right to benefit, starting in 2011, applies to all family members of beneficiaries living with him in same apartment.
Collect payment receipts are proof that you made the payment for housing and communal servicesand for the past six months.
Give all these documents in the housing organization or the Department of social protection. Please note that benefits can be summed up. After the adoption of the law "On monetization of benefits" they are not deducted from bill for payment of services, and are transferred to the beneficiaries Bank account through the post office or social security card.
Do not confuse incentives with subsidies, which are also a measure of social support, but are provided to needy families regardless of their belonging to the above categories of citizens.