Advice 1: How much the employer pays and the center of employment after dismissal

Of payment to the employee after the dismissal are produced depending on the reasons for leaving. The employer in any event must be given a salary for the days worked in the month in which the retired employee and compensation for unused vacation. The rest of the payoffs are charged by an organization or by bodies of the employment center, depending on the situation.
How much the employer pays and the center of employment after dismissal

Payments by the employer

In article 178 of the Labour Code stipulates that in the event of liquidation of organization or staff reduction, the employer is obliged after retirement to pay for 2 months severance pay in the amount of average salary. The payment benefit is provided if a former employee during the period he could not find a job. As the document confirming the status of an unemployed person, the employer must provide a work book.

The employer is obliged to pay severance pay and 3 months of the dismissed employee, but under certain conditions. The conditions are as follows: if within two weeks the dismissed employee gets registered in the employment center, and within 2 months he was not employed, it is sufficient to provide the former place of work work book and a certificate from the employment office confirming the status of unemployed.
Severance pay dismissed workers in the first month after dismissal is paid without fail, even if the former employee has already found a new job.

Also, the law provides for cases of dismissal in which benefits would be payable in the amount of two-week average salary:
- conscription;
- refusal of an employee to transfer to another position;
- disagreement of the employee with the transfer to another location, or refusing to work with the changed conditions stipulated in the employment contract;
- complete loss of ability to work for health reasons confirmed by a medical report.

Payments employment center

If a man shortly after his dismissal failed to find a new job, he should contact the employment service, which should provide him with unemployment benefit at the time of finding a new job.

Allowances are reviewed annually by the Government. In 2014, the minimum allowance paid by the public labor exchange, is 850 rubles, maximum – 4900 rubles (in Ukraine - 4782 hryvnia).

Allowance unemployed who quit for a good cause, is calculated from the average wage in the last job, but on the condition that the unemployed person during the last 26 weeks has been a constant earnings.

Paid unemployment benefits during the year, followed by a payment break of six months. Payment is made according to the following scheme:
- first 3 months the benefit is 75% of average monthly salary;
- the next 4 months the amount of payment is reduced to 60% of salary;
for the last 5 months the allowance is paid at 45% .
The size of the unemployment benefit may be increased by a factor that is set for the individual regions, for example, to the far North.

You should pay attention to the fact that the benefit may not exceed the statutory maximum, which in 2014 is 4,900 rubles.

Advice 2: Can you get compensation when dismissal for health reasons?

In itself, this sad event like the loss of health, and with it the ability to perform their duties, often entails loss of employment if another position you can not offer or yourself of this option was refused. In the case when it happened, a little comfort you will be able under the law compensation. Their value depends on, civil you are a man or a soldier.
Can you get compensation when dismissal for health reasons?

If you are a civilian

Employers have the right to dismiss an employee if his health is no longer able to fulfill official duties. When you hold a conclusion of the medical examination, which stipulates the prohibition on the execution of your professional duties, your employer can offer you another job and sign a new employment contract. But if there are no other jobs that you could take or you do not want to work, you can terminate the employment contract on the basis of this conclusion.
Before you leave, check out the collective agreement of the company where you work. It may provide additional payments to workers forced to retire for health reasons.

In this case, the action takes PP. "and" article 81 of the Labor Code under which the employee retiring for health reasons, can count on severance pay in the amount of fortnight average earnings. In addition, in the case where you used part of your vacation in advance, the employer cannot deduct sums of money, issued in the form of holiday.
Please note that if you are dismissed in accordance with paragraph 8 of article 77 of the labour code, severance pay you are not supposed to.

Compensatory payments to servicemen

The question of compensation in case of dismissal for health reasons, mostly for military personnel. If the damage to your health had suffered during military service, you can count on a large amount than it is in the civil service. In this case, the Federal law "On military pay and provide them with separate payments" and Government decree "About payment to the military personnel of the award for diligent and effective performance of duties and annual material aid" №993 dated 05.12.2011 G.

In this case, you put:
- allowance on the date you have been excluded from personnel lists of a military unit;
- lump sum payment in the amount of two monthly salaries, if you have served less than 20 years, and at the rate of seven salaries if the total length of military service was 20 or more years;
- cash payments in the amount of one salary cash allowance, if you replaced the military post;
award for flawless execution of your official duties.

In addition, you can also get the money instead of clothing that was put to you that year when you quit. But for this you also need to have more than 20 years of military experience in a calendar year.

Advice 3: How much to pay for the labor exchange?

The question of the amount of unemployment benefits remains relevant even today. People who have lost their jobs, have some time to remain in the state security – until the, until they find a new job.
How much to pay for the labor exchange?
In our days you could get a job in one day and also one day to lose it. To somehow stay afloat, you can resort to government assistance through various employment services (labour exchanges).

The advantages of applying to the labour exchange

It should be said that recourse to the employment service have their advantages. If you are going to find yourself a job within a few months, you have to look for the means of existence until, until you get the salary in the new job. Turning to the labour exchange, you in some extent will be provided at the time of job search. Of course, the sum is insignificant, but for the unemployed it will be a great help.

At the labour exchange specialists will find you the suitable jobs – you can refuse or agree to apply for the proposed work. Usually specialists of labour exchanges looking for jobs that are directly or indirectly related to your education. Thus, you can not only earn money but also to engage in his favorite thing.

How much to pay the labor exchanges

The amount of monthly payments on the labor market depends on such factors as the duration of payment of unemployment benefits and average monthly wages (determined by the last 3 months on last job). That is, in the first 3 months unemployed, which will stand on the account on exchange, will receive ¾ of the average monthly salary for the next 4 months – 60%, and the rest of the time (up to) 45% of salary.
Unemployment benefits are usually equal to or less than minimum wage by 10-20%.
Thus, it appears that to be registered in the form of the unemployment benefit only in the first few months. It was at this time better as quickly as possible, to find a new job or to accept the proposed job labor exchange, because minimal benefits from exchange labor to live is simply impossible (usually it amounts to 800-850 rubles).

Interesting fact

If the unemployment office will ask the person who previously did not work, then the benefit will be paid in the minimum size today is 850 rubles + adjustment location (the benefit for unemployed informed person in Moscow will be only slightly higher than for the same unemployed in Izhevsk).
The size of the unemployment benefit is changed every year by the Government.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that the maximum size of the unemployment benefit at the moment should not be more than 4,900 rubles and not less than 850 rubles. Unfortunately, in Russia to be unemployed unprofitable, unlike the European and Western countries. All because unemployment in Russia is a symbolic payment.
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