In some situations, a high temperature is dangerous for the child, and must be reduced. These cases include: diseases of the nervous system, the heavy defeat of the cardiovascular system, severe deterioration of health of the patient, the age of the child up to 3 months, available in history low-grade seizures. Absolutely harmless antipyretic does not exist, such drugs have contraindications and can cause complications. However, it is safest for children is currently considered a "Paracetamol". This tool is released under various names ("Efferalgan", "Panadol"), it has a wide range of dosage forms: tablets, syrup, suppositories, powders. Antipyretic pills less effective, since it acts slower.
"Paracetamol" is prescribed to children at a dose of 10-15 mg per 1 kg of body weight, not more than 4 times a day. The interval between doses should be at least 4 hours. "Paracetamol" reduces the temperature by 1-1. 5 ° C for 2-3 hours after 30-40 minutes after ingestion. Second place on safety and efficacy is "Ibuprofen" ("Ibufen", "Nurofen"). It is used if parazitologicheskii the drug had the desired action. Single dose "Ibuprofen" is 5-10 mg/kg, the interval between doses should be not less than 6 hours. The reception frequency is not more than 4 times a day. The drug lowers the temperature in 30-40 minutes after ingestion, lasts 3-4 hours.
An effective tool is the "Nimesulide" ("NIMULID", "Nise"), it is used in a dose of 5 mg/kg/day in 2 admission. The drug effectively reduces the temperature to normal values after 30-40 minutes after ingestion and lasts for 12 hours, including in cases where "Paracetamol" and "Nurofen" have no effect. Recently, the drug "Nimesulide" is not recommended for widespread use, but not prohibited. Therefore, children it is administered at high temperature with caution in cases of ineffectiveness of other drugs at body temperature above 39оС.
"Analgin" as an antipyretic can be used in the form of suppositories, solution for intramuscular injection in children first months of life. It is used only on prescription, and in cases where "Paracetamol" and "Nurofen" does not have the desired effect. Analgin tablets are not used in children under 12 years due to its irritating effect on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Popular antipyretic drug "Aspirin" is contraindicated in children under 12 years old because of the risk of Reye's syndrome (liver degeneration).