EGD is indicated for suspected diseases of the digestive tract. Allows you to carefully examine the mucous membranes of the stomach and anatomical structure. The procedure lasts about 7 minutes, but when it detects serious problems or fence material shall be extended to 20 minutes. Anesthesia is used at the discretion of the physician and can be both General and local. Through the mouth or nose of the patient, we introduce a special probe that passes through the esophagus into the stomach, and from there enters into the duodenum. Upon completion of the survey, the probe quickly goes to a doctor outside.
Preparation for EGD, remember that the last meal should be not less than 12 hours before the procedure. Food should be easy. Prohibited the use of alcohol, roasted, nuts, sweet, spicy, salty. All of these products can damage the walls of the stomach and esophagus or complicate diagnosis. In cases where in the stomach are the foci, nuts and chocolate can linger on the walls of the mucosa, leading to difficulty in diagnosis. Therefore, you should exclude these 2 products for 2 days prior to the procedure. Allowed to drink water 3 hours before the procedure.
Medication it is desirable to temporarily cancel. If this is not possible, notify your doctor. Most often, you are allowed to take drugs that dissolve in the stomach for 4 hours before EGD, and absorbable in the mouth tablets for 2 hours. A strict ban on Smoking before the procedure, no, but it is proven that it increases discomfort and anxiety, which increases the time of EGD.
Before the procedure get rid of fear and try not to be nervous. This will help to hold EGD faster and with no unpleasant symptoms. In the event of severe nervous disorders be sure to ask your doctor about local anesthesia. For a more comfortable procedure the patient's throat is sprayed with anesthetic a few minutes before the introduction of the probe. Burp and gag reflex is a normal reaction to the presence of the foreign object. You should not be afraid to make unnecessary movements when they appear.
After the procedure some time, you may experience nausea and even vomiting. These symptoms quickly pass. Do not eat for 1.5-2 hours after the EGD. Serious complications are very rare, in particular it may be bleeding, infection or damage to mucous membranes. If after EGD you have fever, vomiting with blood, diarrhea or severe abdominal pain, consult a doctor.
Advice 2: How to prepare for EGD
In order to diagnose diseases of the digestive system, there are many methods. One of the most common – EGD. Completely this procedure is called fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy.
What is EGD?
EGD study, which was conducted to confirm or exclude diseases of the digestive tract. Reasons to conduct it quite a lot. If a patient is having pain in the stomach, heartburn, bloating after meals, nausea, vomiting, or acid regurgitation, this procedure will help determine anatomical changes in the digestive organs and their functioning.
EGD gives you the opportunity to learn more about the condition of the mucous membranes of the stomach, duodenum and esophagus, to detect even the smallest changes, which are well treated by modern methods. In addition, during this procedure, biopsies can be taken to conduct the study in the laboratory.
Endoscopic methods allow to eliminate varicose bleeding veins in the esophagus, and they can be used to remove benign growths, such as polyps. If the time to get rid of them, there may be complications such as suppuration, bleeding, or stomach cancer.
EGD by locally applied drugs, e.g. to stop bleeding in the presence of gastric ulcers. Also, this procedure allows to apply clips, or to make plugging.
Preparation for EGD
To prepare for this procedure quite simple. The main thing you need to consider – the last meal should be at least twelve hours before the test.
The survey is conducted on an empty stomach, so the day of the procedure for Breakfast is impossible. If the test is scheduled for two o'clock, you'll have to starve, but it is quite tolerable.
Special diet before the EGD does not matter. But dinner should be easy, for example, buckwheat with chicken breast.
Two days before examination you need to avoid spicy meals and alcohol. It is also not recommended to use nuts and chocolate, because in a sick stomach, they can linger for days, and sometimes longer.
To drink before EGD, but not less than 2 hours. For example, if the procedure is scheduled after 11:00, in the morning you can drink water or tea, with sugar. Any other beverages are prohibited.
As for Smoking, then ban it there. But the duration will increase as well, and discomfort.
Medications immediately before EGD can not be accepted. But, if you take regular medication, be sure to ask this question at the doctor.
EGD – the procedure is painless and safe, but the discomfort is still possible. So be ready for it. But not to worry, because the less you worry, the faster you will pass the examination.
Advice 3: How to prepare for EGD under sedation
EGD – effective research applicable for the diagnosis of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The doctor managed to get the result from this procedure, to assess the condition of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines, the patient should be carefully prepare for it.
Fibrogastroduodenoscopy is a very important procedure for the diagnosis of gastric ulcer, 12 duodenal ulcer, pathologies of the esophagus, stomach, detecting malignancies and determining the reasons for the symptoms that bring the patient suffering. This is carried out with the help of a special device of an endoscope equipped with a video camera and special light. The camera image is displayed on the monitor screen under magnification, which allows the doctor to assess the condition of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract.
In some cases, with EGD performed medical operations: remove the polyps, produce tamponade bleeding vessels in damaged areas of the stomach and intestines, put on their joints, remove foreign objects, etc.
To research or medical intervention was productive, it is important to release the digestive tract from food residue, so you need to strictly comply with all recommendations of the doctor in preparation for EGD and to treat the procedure with full responsibility.
EGD is usually performed under local anesthesia, then the patient's throat is treated with anesthetic, but sometimes appointed General anesthesia. Usually this occurs if it is necessary to conduct more detailed survey or some painful manipulation. In this case, preparation of the patient should be conducted as if the upcoming surgery.
To do this, the patient is EKG, technicians produce blood for analysis. Talking with the anesthesiologist. The patient must tell the doctor about the available drug intolerance, infectious diseases and sign a formal consent to the holding of General anesthesia.
3-4 days before anesthesia of fibrogastroduodenoscopy need to limit consumption of meat, bread, vegetables and fruits. On the eve of 15-16 hours to drink a laxative, you can use 2-3 tbsp of castor oil. 10 hours before the study patient is forbidden to take any food, so the evening can not eat, but you need to do enema for bowel cleansing. An important condition – the ban on Smoking. The fact that tobacco smoke stimulates the secretion of gastric juice, which can interfere with the production of the correct diagnosis.
General anesthesia given to the patient during the EGD, usually short-term, because all treatments do not take much time. The exception may be medical manipulation, which may last a long time.
Immediately prior to EGD the patient see an legs with elastic bandages – in case you are planning a long to the manipulation. This is to avoid the formation of blood clots.
The use of General anesthesia during EGD allows the patient to avoid the unpleasant feelings and memories.