What fruits not to eat with diabetes?
Most fruit contains large amounts of sugars – glucose, sucrose, and fructose, which are easily digestible carbohydrates and increase the level of sugar in the blood. So many fruits are contraindicated in patients with diabetes. First and foremost, it is the fruit with a high glycemic index, which means the rate of penetration of glucose in human blood. Any food with GI higher than 70 should not be included in the diet of the diabetic. As a rule, the fruit is most sweet: bananas, persimmons, grapes, cherries, melons, watermelons. They contain more glucose, and the faster they increase the level of blood sugar.
In addition, patients with diabetes can't eat processed fruit: dried fruits, juices, smoothies, baked fruit. In any method of processing foods increases the glycemic index, and even the juice of sour apples that are allowed for diabetics can be dangerous because of the high concentration of sugars in it. You can't eat figs, raisins, dates, dried apricots.
Finally, patients with diabetes can't eat any fruit in large quantities. Almost all plant fruits contain in its composition of glucose or fructose: if you eat a kilogram of useful for diabetics raspberry, sugar levels will inevitably rise, which will lead to deterioration. All the fruit you need is dosed in small amounts.
What fruits can you eat with diabetes?
The more acidic the taste of the fruit, the it is less dangerous for diabetics, because it contains less sugars. Doctors are allowed in small quantities, eat oranges, tangerines, grapefruits, apples, pears, peaches, apricots, plums, cherry-plums. Lemons are not available danger. Among apples and pears need to choose sour varieties. Allowed kiwi and pomegranates, especially a little unripe. In kiwi fruit contains polyphenols and folic acid, beneficial for diabetics. Some fruits even have in their composition substances that reduce blood sugar levels. Such a property, for example, has a grapefruit. Among patients with diabetes is gaining popularity exotic fruit Jambul that grows in India and regulates the level of glucose in the blood.
Tropical sweet fruits have a medium glycemic index – they can be eaten in very small quantities and rarely. This pineapple, papaya, pitahaya, mango. Non-hazardous for diabetics cherries, gooseberries, currants, raspberries, strawberries.