You will need
- antibiotics, expectorant drugs, multivitamins, probiotics;
- – syringes, droppers;
- – sterile wipes, gauze;
- sets of underwear and bed linen;
- – capacity for sputum;
- – drink plenty of liquids;
- – light, non-greasy food
Pneumonia usually breaks out suddenly and manifests itself very rapidly, aggressively. Although often it is sluggish without causing any high temperature, no vomiting, no fever. But this should not reassure the bed is still required. Pneumonia, like influenza, it is dangerous to transfer on your legs.
If sick young child, it must lay on its side in case of vomiting he doesn't choke. In infants it is impossible to swaddle the chest. When the acute stage has passed, it often need to shift from side to side, to hold vertically.
If the patient is choking, lay him up, so that the chest was raised. Always make sure that the inflow of the fresh air. Only you can't have a draft!
In General, ventilate the room, do wet cleaning more often. If warm outside, let always will open a window and winter window. That the room is not cooled unnecessarily, for the window pull the gauze.
Sick with pneumonia in the first few days are usually sweating heavily. It is time to change underwear and bed linen. In skin, nasal cavity and mouth also need hygienic care. A shower can be done wet wiping.
In pneumonia the patient should drink plenty of fluids. If the heart is no problem, you can give up to half to two litres of warm drinks. It is advisable to vary them, alternating weak tea with infusion of rose hips, boiled water, acidified with lemon, juices, mineral water without gas, compotes.
In the first days of the disease the patient need only be given meals that are easily digested. This strained the chicken broth, and low-fat boiled meat, and pureed vegetables. Further, food may be tight. Do not give fatty food, especially pork dishes, goose, duck, and cakes, pastries – sweets increase inflammatory processes.
When pneumonia is assigned a comprehensive treatment. First of all is a injection of antibiotics with strict observance of intervals between them. The compulsory acceptance of expectorant drugs. Sputum should be regularly collected in hermetically closed ware. In addition, the assigned multivitamin, and after a course of antibiotics – drugs that restore beneficial intestinal microflora.
Fever may persist for up to four days. Bed rest is required during the period of heavy intoxication. And when its symptoms disappear, it is time to move on polupostelny mode, more and to sit and to walk.
And as soon as the body temperature will be normal, you can start chest compressions and exercises therapeutic exercises. They stimulate the blood flow, prevent the formation of adhesions, strengthen the heart muscle and help to regain the lost strength.
For young children developed technique of therapeutic exercises with game elements based on fairy tales. Breathing exercises are encouraged to run, mimicking the gurgling sounds of the porridge, broken balls, etc.
Already during the acute stage of pneumonia prescribe courses of physiotherapeutic procedures: first, the treatment of ultra-high frequencies, and then electrophoresis. They accelerate resorption of inflammatory foci in the lungs. Stable at normal temperature prescribed sessions of diathermy, amplipulsetherapy, treatment with an alternating magnetic field.
To treat pneumonia at home without medical supervision is dangerous because of the risk of severe complications such as abscess, sepsis, pulmonary edema. Can even be fatal.
Physiotherapy in pneumonia, usually indicated in patients young and middle age. Older people are usually a lot of contraindications, so if the doctor does not appoint them, it is better not to insist.
Advice 2 : How to diagnose pneumonia
The cause of inflammation of the lungs is an infection with bacteria, viruses or fungi. Microorganisms, including pathogens of pneumonia around a lot, they live even in a person's mouth, but if the body is working well, the immune system, they do not penetrate the respiratory tract. In her weakened begins to develop inflammation. It is important to identify this disease because it is very dangerous and poses a serious threat to life.
Pay attention to signs of inflammation of the lungs: weakness, sweating, headache and pain in the chest, shortness of breath and cough. The cough is with colorless sputum, sometimes with splashes of blood. But these symptoms may appear weak.
Sometimes in a patient with pneumonia, skin color changes, becoming darker or redder due to poor blood oxygen – called cyanosis. First of all, it appears around the mouth. Can be differently colored cheeks, one brighter than the other.
Observe the breathing process. The patient undress to the waist and ask him to do a few deep breaths and then hold your breath and exhale sharply. That part of the breast that is affected with pneumonia, moving slower or not moving.
Do not delay calling a physician: than he used to diagnose inflammation, the faster and easier it will be to this disease. Diagnosis begins with listening to the lungs. The doctor may hear decreased breath sounds on the side affected by inflammationm, crackles, or even friction and dry rales, if the injured pleura.
The doctor also conducts tapping (percussion) of the chest. The place where you develop pneumonia, the sound is different from the healthy.
The next step of diagnosis is to conduct fluoroscopy. In the picture light you can see the inflammation, and the radiologist may determine the cause of the disease.
Sick children chest x-rays usually don't do until the age of 15 - because of the danger of x-ray irradiation. If necessary, the disease is confirmed by radiograph. The difference of this method from x-ray examination that images of the lungs can be done from different positions.
For the diagnosis of pneumonia is also necessary the analysis of sputum. First, the technician finds that there are no seeding analyte of mycobacteria, the causative agents of tuberculosis. Next, we determine the sensitivity to antibiotics: identifies those that are most effectively fight the pathogen that affected the patient's lungs. It is necessary for the purpose of treatment.
Mandatory for the diagnosis of the disease is also common blood test, which counts the erythrocyte and the number of leukocytes and eosinophils.
To establish the diagnosis and rule out similar to pneumonia diseases requires a large amount of research which cannot be conducted at home, which means that in the case of suspected inflammation of the lungs should be set to refer to specialists.