Advice 1: Where is the border between Europe and Asia

The border between Asia and Europe, until recently, was conditional. It was held by the Ural and Caucasus mountains in major watersheds. Such an approach is impossible for cartographers to accurately carry out the work. For this reason, a decision was taken on the passage of the Euro-Asian border.
Euro-Asian border
In geography textbooks clearly says that the border between Europe and Asia passes right by the Ural mountains and down to the Caucasus. This fact once more drew attention to the mountains that are so full of secrets and mysteries.

Directly in the mountains are the border posts that indicate that on one side is Europe, the other Asia. However, the poles posed very badly. The fact that they do not correspond to the historical data.

Different approaches to defining the boundaries



In addition, when comparing several sources, it can be concluded that about the Caucasus in General, there is no consensus about where the line is. The most common opinion – it runs along the main watershed ridge. Other sources indicate that the boundary runs along the Northern slope. By the way, if you look at the Atlas of the Soviet era, there is the Euro-Asian border runs directly along the border of the USSR.

Such an attitude to the passage of the border has led to disputes over territories in Asia and Europe, that the scientific community is almost a priority. Still arguing, to Asia or Europe to carry the Mont Blanc and Elbrus the same.

Leading scientists claim that it is not up to a kilometer to distinguish between the parts of the world. The fact that they are not sharp transitions. If approached from the point of view of the difference of climate, there is no difference, the same applies to vegetation, fauna and structure of the soil.

The only thing you can rely on is the structure of the earth's surface, which reflects the Geology. This is what at the time was based leading geographers, trying to draw the line between Asia and Europe. They took as the basis of the Urals and the Caucasus.

Real and nominal border



Here a natural question arises – how to draw the line in the mountains? It is known that the width of the Ural mountains, about 150 kilometers, the Caucasus mountains even more. That is why the border held in major watersheds, which are located in the mountains. That is, the border is absolutely conditional and should not be considered exact, even if you count in kilometers. However, it was subsequently made the competent decision according to which the modern border has clearer contours.

For ordinary people the answer to the question: "Where is the border between Europe and Asia?", can be given as follows: "In the Ural and Caucasus". He will be quite pleased by this response. And what about the cartography? After all, to Europe's borders could be on the Ural river, both to the left and right. Similar examples can be cited. For this reason, in scientific circles, it was decided to consider the boundary passing along the Eastern slope of the Urals and Mugodzhary. After it is on the river Emba to the North shore of the Caspian sea to
The Kerch Strait.

I mean, recently the whole Urals is included with Europe, and the Caucasus in Asia. As for the Azov sea, it is "European".

Advice 2: Where is the border of Europe and Asia

The Eurasian continent has no clear boundaries within ourselves. The location of Europe and Asia frequently reviewed, challenged, changed. Today, the border between the continents marked officially, but many scientists do not agree with the decision.
Where is the border of Europe and Asia

The official border between Asia and Europe



The border across the continent to spend very difficult. Between Asia and Europe and it has constantly changed its shape. This occurred because of the gradual development of the Ural mountains and lands of Siberia.

The formal separation of a single continent into two (North-South) was completed in 1964. At the 20th Congress of the International geographical Union, scientists have drawn a clear boundary between Asia and Europe. These data were recorded next position.

The beginning of the boundary takes in the Kara sea, in Baidaratskaya lip. Further, the dividing line runs through the Eastern part of the Ural mountains and follows down the East of Perm region. Thus, Chelyabinsk and Yekaterinburg are located in Asia.

Further the border goes along the Ural river, goes to the Orenburg region and descends to the Northern part of Kazakhstan. There it connects to the river Emba and pulls straight into the Caspian sea. Leaving the Northern coast of the Caspian sea in Europe, the border reaches of the river Kuma, and with it crosses the Northern part of the Caucasus mountains. Next, the path passes along the don to the Azov sea, and then back to Black. Of the latter, the border between Asia and Europe "follows" in the Bosphorus, where it ends.
Ending in the Bosphorus Strait, the border was divided into two continents, Istanbul. As a result, it has two parts: European and Asian (Eastern).


On the way to the border there are some States which she happily shares on two continents. This applies to Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Turkey. It should be noted that the last "got" most of all: the border is divided into two parts of its capital.

Recommendations about the location of the boundaries



However, following the official boundaries, disputes and arguments about it have not ceased. Scientists claim of the impossibility of holding a clear line for any internal/external parameters. For example, vegetation, climate or soils. The only real criterion – the geological history of the area. Therefore, the Urals and the Caucasus was the main border landmarks.

Today the Caucasus and the Urals are the border part. It is only with their feet, leaving the mountain intact. This approach significantly simplified the work of geologists.


But this situation is affected by difficulties in the work of cartographers. Reproducing one of the continents, scientists had to divide mountain ranges into unequal parts. To carry out this procedure accurately is almost impossible. This situation had a negative impact on the work of geologists who frequently use cards: part of the mountains were "scattered", though has historically been the single arrays.

So today there are some recommendations and agreements. The Ural mountains can be fully attributed to the European continent. The Caucasus mountains are often wholly displayed in the Asian part. The Azov sea is the European.
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