The process of formation of ovarian cysts
Normal women have two ovaries, which are the eggs and where they subsequently fall into the uterine cavity. Ovary similar in size of a walnut and located on each side of the uterus. Every month he releases a single oocyte which is in a sheath called a follicle.
The egg Matures in the ovary, before the hormone estrogen begin to signal the uterus to prepare to receive the egg. In response, the uterine walls thicken to be ready for implementation of a fertilized egg. This cycle is repeated monthly, and often concluded that unfertilized egg exits the uterus in the form of menstruation.
When the follicle for any reason is not capable to open, releasing the egg inside remains fluid and forms a cyst. Often, a cyst is formed only in one of the ovaries. Valid formation of small cysts (less than 2.5 centimeters) in healthy ovaries.
Varieties of ovarian cysts
This disease can appear at any age women, but often, a cyst is formed in childbearing age. In most cases, cysts are called functional, their presence is considered normal and not talking about the disease. In diameter they can reach up to 9 centimeters, and their gap is accompanied by pain on the side where they are located. These cysts dissolve on their own and disappear within two months.
Upon detection of the cyst increasing in size with each menstrual cycle, you need to urgently carry out the surgery, as her growth may cause ovarian rupture, and cause infertility.
Luteum cyst usually occurs in one ovary, is not accompanied by any symptoms and eventually disappears on its own.
Hemorrhagic cyst is a type of functional cyst. It is formed inside the cyst starts bleeding. May be accompanied by pain on one side of the abdomen.
Dermoid cyst often develops in young women and the diameter can reach 15 cm. Such a cyst it is best to explore by means of computer or magnetic resonance imaging because it has the ability to become inflamed and twisted, causing severe abdominal pain.
Endometrium and endometrioid cysts appear when the ovaries enter the cells of the inner layer of the uterine wall. This disease is also typical for women of childbearing age. It is accompanied by chronic pain during menstruation.
The cystadenoma is a benign tumor that forms from the ovarian cells. Sometimes, they are filled with mucus and can reach a diameter of 30 centimeters.
After 50 years of benign formation on the ovary can become cancerous, so it is necessary with great attention to monitor their health.
The reasons for the formation of ovarian cysts
The biggest reason is hormonal changes in the female body. Connected they can be with severe restrictions in the diet (diet), excess body weight, frequent stress, Smoking or climate change.
A secondary cause of the disease are gynaecological intervention. Typically, these include abortion, childbirth, cesarean section, and the use of intrauterine devices as a means against pregnancy.
Excessive exercise, overwork, early sexual activity, or long periods of abstinence and frequent change of sexual partners increase the risk of developing such diseases as ovarian cyst.
Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that births are not the direct cause of development of ovarian cysts, but if all negative factors are present, women after childbirth, the risk of developing this disease increases.