Advice 1: How dangerous is the bite of the bumblebee

Bumblebee insect less aggressive than its relatives, it rarely stings. It's sting after the biteand does not remain in the human body, because it has notches. But the consequences of meeting with this insect for some can be quite negative.
How dangerous is the bite of the bumblebee

If bumblebee sting



Sting of the bumblebee for most healthy individuals is not dangerous, except that it is very painful. Rare, about 1% of cases, possible severe allergic reaction. Most often it happens with repeated bites.

The area stung by the bee place is swollen, red and itchy, local reaction (non-allergic), which appears immediately or within a few hours of the bite of the insect and passes in 1-5 days. In cases when the swelling extends to a greater area of the skin, is also a local reaction, although it lasts longer. After the first bite of a bee (or other stinging insects) most often an allergic reaction does not happen due to the lack in the body of antibodies to bumblebee venom.

An allergic reaction occurring within half an hour after the bite, can be of different types depending on intensity:

- swelling, redness, itching spread throughout the body;
- the first item is added diarrhea, vomiting and other digestive problems;
- the signs of the first two paragraphs, and the person begins to choke;
all these symptoms are aggravated by rapid pulse, loss of consciousness, possible seizures, fever, chills, joint pain and lower back - this is anaphylaxis.

If a person has been bitten by a hornet many times in a short time, you may experience a toxic reaction. It is fraught with problems of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, disturbances of heart rhythm and respiration. Sometimes when multiple bites a person can die.

Particular caution should be pregnant women and people taking drugs such as beta-blockers.

Aid to the victim of the bite



In cases of non-allergic reaction quite the bite washed under running water or apply a tampon soaked in hydrogen peroxide, drink antihistamines (suprastin, diphenhydramine, etc.). It is also recommended to apply cold to the bite, especially if it is a sensitive area (near the eye, for example), to drink more fluids.

It is necessary to observe the victims. If the reaction to the bite is exacerbated by other symptoms (swelling extends to the whole body), an urgent need to call an ambulance or bring bitten to the doctor. In severe cases, when cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest before the ambulance to the patient to do artificial respiration and heart massage.

Precautions



Do not provoke bumblebee, if he was nearby, not shaking hands, not to grab an insect, stay calm. Bumble-bees also do not like the sharp smell of alcohol, perfumes, sweat, odors, oxidation of the metal. All this is causing their aggression. In clothes they are attracted to the color blue.

Advice 2: How to draw bumblebee

Impressive furry bumblebee is a frequent guest on the paintings of nature. Thanks to its unusual colors, its hard to miss among the bright natural colors. This striped worker can decorate and Sunny meadow, and a bouquet of wildflowers.
How to draw bumblebee
You will need
  • Paper;
  • pencil;
  • - colors.
  • brush;
  • eraser.
Instruction
1
Start to draw bumblebee with a sketch of its contours. Draw a large circle in the middle of the sheet. Just to the left draw a circle with a smaller diameter. It needs to slightly overlap the previous circle. A large circle split into five vertical parts and paint them black, then yellow paint. Small circle make a yellow, and then draw another small circle in black. To the large circle on the right side pririsuyte thin triangle, which will be for sting of the bumblebee.
2
Draw two blue oval, extending from the left circle up and slightly to the side. They slightly overlap the body of the bumblebee. These ovals will be the wings of an insect. On each wing draw a white pattern resembling leaf veins: one curved strip along the length of the oval and several radiating in different directions of lines.
3
Add three pairs of limbs to the bottom of the body of the bumblebee. Draw them in the form of zigzag lines with one or two kinks. The color of the limbs is black. Now you can draw the eyes of the insect. To do this, sketch two white oval in the place where the eye would be. Then on top of it draw two black oval, slightly offset to the left. Thus, you should now have two white arcs that frame the eyes of the bumblebee. Add to the surface of each eye white glare.
4
Have bumblebee on the head are two horns. To draw, swipe from the top of the bumblebee two short dashes. They have little to disperse in different directions. Then pririsuyte to each tendril one thickened horizontal dash. On the head of a bumblebee are part of the oral apparatus, called mandibles. Draw them just below the eyes of the bumblebee in the form of triangles, which are inverted acute angle to the bottom. The sides of the triangle, make curved. On the upper part of each mandible place the oblong patch of light.
5
The body of a bumblebee is covered with dense long hairs. This is one of the clearest signs by which bumblebee can be distinguished from bees. To show fuzzy surface insect, walk strokes of the corresponding color on the edge of yellow and black stripes on his body.

Advice 3: How dangerous is the bite of a Viper

Vipers are some of the most common varieties of snakes. Their place of residence usually are old ruins, the dry trunks of trees or rocky areas. Vipers often live in abandoned buildings or basements. The Viper bite may cause different reactions of the human body. By itself, the poison of this snake is not deadly, but due to certain factors, death can still occur.
The bite of a Viper

The consequences of the bite




Viper attack humans only in those cases, if he regards his behavior as an attack on her life or offspring. In most cases, people injured by snakes because of their own negligence. For example, if you step on a Viper, she instantly tries to take revenge on her abuser.
Especially dangerous are the bites of vipers in the neck or face. Splint in such cases is impossible, so the poison will spread through the body much faster than when wound in the leg or arm.



Vipers have very sharp teeth. Biting human skin, the snake injects into the wound a poison. Almost immediately after this contact, on the site of the bite appears redness, swelling and soreness. In some cases, the skin around the wound becomes like a bruise.


Gradually the action of the poison increases. It may be accompanied by different effects. Can, for example, do not bend arms or legs, numb fingers, or neck. More severe consequences of the bite of vipers be changes in some systems of the human body. In this case, refers to the increase in body temperature, nausea, vomiting, headaches and dizziness. Can dramatically rise or fall in blood pressure.


The bite of a Viper has unpredictable consequences. Most often, the wound is not bleeding, but depending on individual characteristics can cause serious blood loss. Blood loss combined with severe psychological stress and is a major cause of death of the person.


First aid for the bite




It is worth noting that the Viper bite in some cases the person may not notice for quite a long time. For example, if the snake suddenly attacked, and as suddenly disappeared. People might think that he hurt himself with a branch, wire or he was bitten by an unknown wild animal. The first symptoms of a Viper bite is rapid spread of the pain and swelling throughout the body, accompanied by dizziness and nausea.
If you know in advance about the likelihood of meeting with a Viper, buy it in any pharmacy item with a special serum, called "Antipatica". Such preparation can save lives.



Affected area of the skin should fix securely using the harness, thereby eliminating the spread of venom throughout the body. Bites of the Viper victim should drink as much fluid as possible and be at rest.


If possible, it is urgent to take antihistamine medicines. For example, suprastin or tavegil. Typically, these medications can be found in any medicine Cabinet. Such actions can only slow down the process of effects of poison. Medical help is needed in any case. The sooner the person examined by a specialist, the better it will be for his health. How dangerous is the bite of a Viper, depends primarily on timely medical aid.

Advice 4: How to treat insect bites

Even the bite of the tiny and, at first glance, absolutely harmless insect can be dangerous to human health. Especially for people with a weakened immune system or predisposition to allergic diseases.
An insect bite
From insect bites no one is immune – neither the citizen, nor a resident of the suburb. In most cases, attacks by insects are not a serious threat to human health, but some people still use caution and stay away from stinging and biting creatures as far as possible. We are talking about young children, pregnant women and Allergy sufferers, for whom an insect sting may be accompanied by serious complications.

Fortunately, in Russia live not so dangerous to human health insects, such as, for example, in Australia or Brazil, but the bite of "our" bees or wasps may be accompanied by very unpleasant sensations. So what to do in case of bite?

Bee sting, wasp, hornet, bumblebee or ant



The bite of one of these insects should not fear the swelling of the body, as it is a natural reaction of the body. If the bite hurts, and it observed redness and itching, it is sufficient to perform the following actions:

- gently remove the stinger, if it remained in the wound;

- handle the processing the wound with iodine or peroxide;

- in order to come down swelling, can be applied to the bite the ice;

- apply to the wound a special ointment against insect bites;

in some cases, you can take any of the antihistamines ("Tavegil or Suprastin") or anti-inflammatory drug Ibuprofen";

- by the bite of bees or wasps can help folk remedy – leaf plantain, which should be chewed and applied to the wound.

If after the bite of an insect you are allergic, in order to avoid possible complications, you should immediately contact the doctor.

The bite of a mosquito, gadfly, midges or flies



Most often, the person bitten these are insects. When you bite you can do the following:

- to treat the wound with a strong solution of baking soda;

smudge the place with an alcoholic tincture of calendula. For this purpose, suitable boric alcohol or even tomato juice;

- you may recall folk remedies and apply to the bite with a little sour cream or yogurt, apply to the wound a leaf of plantain or of the wild cherry or apply the famous balm "Asterisk".

If it has stuck tick



Mite is another dangerous and bloodthirsty insects that are usually, waiting for their prey in the thick forest, and areas with high humidity. One of the most favorite habitat of ticks – oak grove.

If the mite dug into the skin, it can not pull, because the proboscis of the insect can remain in the body. The tick it is necessary to "twist" out of the body, causing the bite a few drops of vegetable oil. After the tick is removed, it is necessary to disinfect the bite with alcohol or a special ointment against insect bites.

Advice 5: Look like insect bites

Insect bites often cause swelling and redness in the injured skin area. This often ends in serious consequences, e.g. due to allergic reactions.
Look like insect bites
Instruction
1
The bite of a bug can be a small redness on the skin. As a rule, it causes a feeling of irritation and itching. Very often, bites occur in the dark when you are sleeping. Also damage from insects you may not feel. If the skin you find a red bump that itches a little, it could be the bite of a bedbug. It is often possible to obtain during travel and overnight stays in various motels.

When a bite is detected, wash the injury with cool water with addition of soap. Then apply the cream on the skin against itching or an antihistamine. If the bite hurts and starts to stand out greenish, white or yellow mucus, most likely it is infected. Immediately contact your doctor for help.
2
Flea bites are often found on the lower parts of the ankles and feet. Looks a bite like a red spot. Often it is accompanied by a halo around the damaged area. A number of people at the same time is a slight irritation of the skin, while others have formed strong tumor. Traces of flea bites is very noticeable in a child's skin.
3
Red ants, bees, hornets, wasps and bees belong to the family of Hymenoptera. Their bites can lead to very serious consequences, especially if a person has a predisposition to allergies. According to the statistics of mortality from bee stings is several times higher than from snake bites, and death occurs because of a sudden allergic reaction.
4
Red ants, wasps and bees have a particular method, which they defeat. When a bee loses its stinger, causing die. Wasps can inflict multiple defeats. Red ants inject venom using their teeth. They bite through human skin. Poison from glands located on the abdomen, enters the wound. Reaction to bites of insects of the data may be a slight swelling and strong pain sensation that fades over time. If skin has formed, severe irritation, consult a doctor.

Advice 6: How to treat a dog bite

Bites dog - not such a rare situation in both adults and children, and in most cases attacked people Pets. The dog may accidentally scratch teeth, playing - and capable of in a rage to rush to the man and biting fiercely. This can lead to serious injuries and quite serious diseases - especially if the child suffered. How to treat dog bites?
How to treat a dog bite
Instruction
1
Remember that the wounds from the bites of infected bacteria in the oral cavity of the dog. Therefore, in addition to the banal Streptococcus and Staphylococcus in the wound can get gram-negative rods, which in people with reduced immunity provoke severe infectious complications, particularly blood poisoning. Keep in mind that the redness around the bite, swelling and discharge from the wounds are symptoms of infection. The bite of a stray dog , a potentially dangerous rabies. Therefore, it is better to immediately consult a doctor who will assess the risk of infection, perform a lavage and the treatment of the wound, prescribe x-rays for suspected broken bones, that will minimize scarring and complications. Also, be prepared for the introduction of vaccines against rabies and tetanus vaccines, prescribe preventive antibiotic therapy (typically amoxicillin or metronidazole) and suturing. In the case of onset of fever, development of pronounced edema, dysfunction of the limbs the doctor will offer the admission to the hospital.
2
To provide medical assistance take the following actions:- if the bite is shallow and does not violate the integrity of the skin, the bite, wash thoroughly with boiled water with soap. Then coat the bite with antibacterial ointment, for example, a liniment of syntomycin, apply a dry sterile dressing;
- if the bite is deep and the skin cut up, punctured, or torn, then press the wound with a sterile bandage to prevent or reduce bleeding and infection of wounds.
3
In the treatment use as auxiliary agents and traditional recipes. Apply on the wound a paste made from turmeric and honey. Disinfectant effects of turmeric and the soothing effect of honey helps to heal wounds. Or make "protoedit" (for external use), chopped some onions, salt and three kernels of walnuts. Eat with an antimicrobial purpose, three or four cloves of garlic a day.
How to treat bite <b>dog</b>

Advice 7: How dangerous a tick bite

In the spring-summer period, nature becomes full of various not-very-nice insects. And the most unpleasant of these are ticks – carriers of encephalitis virus and Lyme disease, or borreliosis. Do not be mistaken that the risk of being bitten occurs only in the forest. Habitat of ticks - the gardens and parkland within the city, i.e. anywhere there is grass, bushes, trees.
How dangerous a tick bite



Among the variety of ticks, the most dangerous to health and sometimes the life of a person recognized by the Ixodes tick. He is the carrier of the encephalitis virus, which affects the Central nervous system and in most cases leads to disability. The disease develops rapidly and is manifested by a sudden weakness, aches throughout the body, fatigue, severe headache and muscle pain, numbness of limbs, neck muscles, neck and shoulder, and nausea, vomiting and photophobia. To these symptoms quickly joins meningeal syndrome, manifested by convulsions, twitching of individual groups of muscles, delirium or even loss of consciousness.

It is worth noting that not every Ixodes tick capable of inflicting serious injury, because this insect is only a reservoir for the virus that it is infected when sucking blood from sick animals and rodents. And since not all areas of the country are rich in this infection, the tick may be healthy. In the area of risk are residents of the Urals, Siberia and the Far East. But the risk of Contracting tick another unpleasant disease - borreliosis, or Lyme disease. And it is much more common than encephalitis.

Lyme disease dangerous invisibility of the process and the late manifestation of the effects. The defeat of the joints, heart, skin and can even occur several years after the tick bite. The first symptoms of infection manifested by malaise, fever, skin rash, and inflammation of the joints and the facial nerve. Depending on the resistance process may subside, but can become chronic.

To avoid tick bites or is infected with a dangerous virus, is to apply preventive measures, for example, to vaccinate or regularly inspect yourself after being surrounded by greenery. If camping was marred by the discovery of the tick, not in a hurry to tear it from the skin, because it can be removed completely. Better reel to match the wool, wet it in oil (in the extreme case in water) and circular vykruchivatsya movements try to separate it, then place it in a safe place and on the same day to deliver to the lab. In the case of the tick threat of the virus of encephalitis or other infection early treatment and strengthen the body immunomodulatorami will help to resist disease.


Advice 8: How to treat wasp sting

The person attack the workers wasps mostly during the fall, when the commune disintegrates, the larvae fed, the female found a quiet place for wintering. Insect bites are very painful, the sting remains in the middle, but the danger is that some people after the biteand allergic reactions, which in some cases are life-threatening.
How to treat wasp sting
Instruction
1
After wasp sting yourself the victim first aid. Using sterile tweezers, remove the stinger, apply to reddened place a bag of ice. Do not squeeze the stinger with your finger, it is very dangerous because, first of all- can get infected, and secondly, the poison will spread throughout the bloodstream.
2
If the patient experiences severe pain, give him to drink a pill non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To the bite not inflamed, and there was severe itching, wipe it off with a cotton pad soaked in a three percent hydrogen peroxide or vinegar at the table.
3
In most cases after a wasp sting, medical treatment is not required. At moderate allergic symptoms give the victim a pill of antihistamines.
4
If breathing is difficult, redness of the skin, rapidly spreading edema immediately call an ambulance or take the patient to the hospital yourself. In the hospital he administered adrenaline, steroids and antihistamines.
5
In addition, the doctor should contact with the appearance of suppuration at the site of the bite, with fever, increasing pain, if the pain in the throat when swallowing, with biting in the eye area, the inside of the mouth or throat, numerous bites.
6
If vaccination against tetanus, carried out over 10 years ago, all patients will require re-vaccination, as in the bites of wasps there is a potential risk of getting sick.
7
In medical terms is the emergency help, then check your blood pressure, pulse. If all indicators are normal, conduct an additional examination is not necessary.
8
To prevent the bites are in places where the OS and in the locations of wasp nests, not shaking hands, if you flew a wasp, do not wear bright clothes, do not use the toilet water and perfume with sweet smells, don't drink on the street sweet drinks, don't eat fruit.
Is the advice useful?
Search