What causes lower back pain
Lumbar pain radiating to the gluteal muscles, thigh and lower leg, indicate problems in the sacral region of the spine, which should be treated with special attention. They may indicate congenital anomalies, chronic or acute infection, osteochondrosis, trauma or even tumors.
Often the pain can be unbearable, and sometimes, on the contrary, a mild case of serious pathologies. This is due to the different threshold of sensitivity to pain in different people. But it is always a signal that it's time to go to the doctor.
In a third of cases of lower back pain indicate lumbar osteochondrosis – degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs, ligaments and bone structure. Formed by vertebrae growths – osteophytes, can irritate the nerve endings, thereby causing a dull pain in the back.
Also the pain can cause substances released during the rupture of the membranes, the interplay of forces within the partitions. This is because the vertebrae in the lower back are most mobile and experience the maximum load, so the intervertebral discs deform to a greater extent.
What to do when lower back pain
Its main action is aimed at getting rid of the pain, is going to the doctor. Before you put a diagnosis and prescribe treatment, the doctor will collect all patient complaints and make the anamnesis of the disease, as the causes of pain are many. And prescribe a set of procedures for the diagnosis of the disease.
When back pain is shown to rest after physical exertion, to relieve the tension from the muscles of the spine. But for a long time, over two days, staying in bed is impossible, it can relax muscles so that they will no longer support the spine in a normal position.
The main prevention of degenerative disc disease is adequate physical activity aimed at strengthening and maintaining the tone of muscles, abdominals and neck. The preferred sports are swimming, skiing, and skating. In any case it is impossible to do the heavy lifting, this will lead to a worsening of degenerative processes in the spine.
Preferably 2 – 3 times a year to undergo treatment and preventive massages and observe his condition. If the pain was localized not only in the waist but in the leg you should consult an orthopedist.
Upon confirmation of the diagnosis, a doctor will be assigned to drug therapy, which aims to eliminate pain, restore nerve tissue and improvement of blood circulation in the tissues of the lumbar spine. In very advanced cases, such as herniated disc, is applied surgery.
Therefore, in order to avoid complications when pain in the lower back need time to go to the doctor and make all necessary recommendations.