Advice 1: How long is surgery to remove the gallbladder

Surgery to remove the gallbladder is called cholecystectomy. It is required if the patient experiences pain because there were gallstones.
How long is surgery to remove the gallbladder

How is laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is a fairly simple surgery, in most cases the patient can go home in 1-2 days after the event. It is done with gallstones, gall bladder inflammation, inflammation of the pancreas. Before planned operation it is necessary to conduct activities recommended by the doctor. A few hours before surgery, the patient can assign a solution that gets the stool from the bowel.
Often the cholecystectomy is performed using a laparoscopy.

Cholecystectomy is done under General anesthesia. Anesthesia is injected in the arm intravenously. When the patient goes to sleep, introduce into the trachea a tube to aid breathing. After that, the surgeon performs open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy are two to four small puncture of the abdominal wall. Through one of them into the abdominal cavity injected tube with a video camera. In the remaining punctures surgical instruments are inserted, through which the gallbladder is removed.

Then performed cholangiography - x-ray examination of the bile duct. If found to have stones or other pathology, may be subjected to abdominal surgery. Then sutured. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can last one to two hours. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients go home on the second or fourth day, however, in some cases required longer hospitalization. For full recovery the patient will need about a week.

How is abdominal cholecystectomy

If you have an open cholecystectomy under the ribs at the right side of the abdominal incision, having a length of 3-10 cm When the muscles and tissue are raised to release the liver and gallbladder. This is followed by a removal of the gallbladder, followed by the control cholangiography. The patient are sutured, after full awakening the patient is transferred to recovery. Open cholecystectomy continues for one to two hours.
The night before the operation you should refrain from eating, you should also stop taking medications and supplements.

After an open cholecystectomy, the patient should be in hospital at least a week. A full recovery will take four to six weeks, during which you must perform the activities recommended by the doctor. The duration of the period of rehabilitation of the patient also depends on the overall health. After cholecystectomy person needs a special diet and nutrition.

Advice 2: How long is Ramadan

The night of the revelation angel Gabriel (Gabriel) to prophet Muhammad the first revelation of the Qur'an became well-known in the Muslim world as the great Night of power. After that, another twenty-three years Muhammad wrote down the revelations which later made up the Quran – the sacred Scripture for all the faithful Muslims.
How long is Ramadan
A month compulsory for a true Muslim fasting called Ramadan, or Ramazan. Day abstaining from food and doing good deeds prescribed by the Qur'an, which contains the fundamentals of Islam. Five inviolable pillars of Islam, binding on every believer in God, was erected by the revelations of the Vice Mohamedou. Here they are:
Al - shahadat - testimony that Allah is the only God and Mohammed is his prophet;
- As-Salat – five times daily prayer - the Prayer;
- AZ-zakat – alms;
Al - sawm – great post;
- Al-Hajj – the pilgrimage.

The beginning of lent

In a sacred hadith is recorded, how an ordinary person can learn about the beginning of the great Muslim fasting. It begins with the appearance in the sky of a new month on the night of the new moon) and ends when the month will appear again. Its duration is 30 days (one lunar month).

In the Scriptures it is said that it was enough for one person (unless it is a woman) to see new moon and tell the others. Preferably the ruler or his Deputy in the area. Since the beginning of Ramadan is declared by a competent particular in its sole discretion, based either on observation of the phases of the moon, either calculated astronomically, if the moon is in the sky not visible in some circumstances. To confirm the end of the post had the testimony of two men. Thanks to the adopted reference system, the beginning of Ramadan can differ in different countries.

During lent each has attained the prescribed age needs daily to pray, fast, refraining from food, to refuse from intimacy, abuse intoxicants, and other unworthy behaviour from sunrise to sundown, give alms. During this period, ordered to make a pilgrimage to Mecca.


Fasting during the month of Ramadan is intended to pacify the desires of the flesh and indulging the desires of the soul. It is now considered most favorable for spiritual attainment and religious insight. Because locked the gates of hell and opened heaven. During this period, there is one special night that gives so many blessings, how much not to and for 1000 months.

Based on the instructions of the sacred texts, this night should be sought in the last 10 days of Ramadan among the odd nights. More precise specification is omitted, so that seeking Allah's grace would not lose vigilance. The Holy night of bara'ah is the culmination of the spiritual feats of man, the result of the observance of all prescribed rules of conduct during lent and throughout the year. The imams constantly urge Muslims not for a moment forget about Allah so as not to resemble the Christians, remember God only during the holidays.

Advice 3: Diet after abdominal surgery

Abdominal surgery is a surgical intervention in the abdominal cavity. It is observed blood loss, the body also loses valuable proteins. To compensate the loss and make the right to work the bowel, the patient is recommended a special diet food.
Diet after abdominal surgery

The first day after surgery

On the first day after surgery, patients are often in intensive care or in the intensive care unit. In these hours the patient recovers consciousness after anesthesia, intensive intravenous-drip treatment anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.

The first feeding of the patient is carried out about a day after surgery, but not later. If the patient is in serious condition, feeding is carried out through a nasogastric tube (a special tube that goes down through the esophagus into the stomach). Such patients need light foods, rich in vitamins and proteins, perfect baby milk. Mixture for children nutritious and contain nutrients that are needed by the body after the surgery.

In cases where the patient is able to eat on his own, his diet consists of easily digestible food. It is recommended to drink warm soups because they are rich in proteins, from which the body obtains amino acids, the building material in cell regeneration. In the diet of the patient included cereals, cooked in water. They are rich in minerals and vitamins and also contain fiber, which promotes peristaltic movement of the intestine.

Doctors advice on nutrition of postoperative patients, and emphasize foods containing fiber, which promotes peristalsis. The more active peristalsis of the intestine, the greater the blood flow faster and stop inflammation. But in the first day don't eat vegetables and fruits in fresh form, and only steamed or boiled. Fresh fruits cause flatulence, which increases the inflammation in the abdominal cavity and contributes to the formation of adhesive processes.

The first day is strictly forbidden to eat foods that trigger flatulence – black bread, milk, sparkling water, etc.

The late postoperative period

After a few days after the operation the patient's diet is expanding. It is recommended to eat lean meats and fish – beef, rabbit, pike-perch, hake, Pollack, etc. All meals should be steamed or boiled, it is strictly forbidden to eat fried food and canned food. Fish and meat are rich in protein from which connective tissue forms in the healing of wounds, as well as B vitamins and some minerals.

To saturate the body with vitamins, patients are advised stewed fruit, broth hips, etc. In the diet should focus on greens and vegetables because they are rich in minerals, fiber, and some, e.g. cranberry, parsley, dried plums, and contain anti-inflammatory substances.

In the postoperative diet is recommended to limit consumption of sweet foods because elevated glucose level slows down the process of recovery. If the operation was carried out on the pancreas, such products are generally excluded for life.
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