How is laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Cholecystectomy is a fairly simple surgery, in most cases the patient can go home in 1-2 days after the event. It is done with gallstones, gall bladder inflammation, inflammation of the pancreas. Before planned operation it is necessary to conduct activities recommended by the doctor. A few hours before surgery, the patient can assign a solution that gets the stool from the bowel.
Often the cholecystectomy is performed using a laparoscopy.
Cholecystectomy is done under General anesthesia. Anesthesia is injected in the arm intravenously. When the patient goes to sleep, introduce into the trachea a tube to aid breathing. After that, the surgeon performs open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy are two to four small puncture of the abdominal wall. Through one of them into the abdominal cavity injected tube with a video camera. In the remaining punctures surgical instruments are inserted, through which the gallbladder is removed.
Then performed cholangiography - x-ray examination of the bile duct. If found to have stones or other pathology, may be subjected to abdominal surgery. Then sutured. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can last one to two hours. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients go home on the second or fourth day, however, in some cases required longer hospitalization. For full recovery the patient will need about a week.
How is abdominal cholecystectomy
If you have an open cholecystectomy under the ribs at the right side of the abdominal incision, having a length of 3-10 cm When the muscles and tissue are raised to release the liver and gallbladder. This is followed by a removal of the gallbladder, followed by the control cholangiography. The patient are sutured, after full awakening the patient is transferred to recovery. Open cholecystectomy continues for one to two hours.
The night before the operation you should refrain from eating, you should also stop taking medications and supplements.
After an open cholecystectomy, the patient should be in hospital at least a week. A full recovery will take four to six weeks, during which you must perform the activities recommended by the doctor. The duration of the period of rehabilitation of the patient also depends on the overall health. After cholecystectomy person needs a special diet and nutrition.