What substances can cause poisoning of the human body
Poisoned people can anything, ranging from household chemicals and substandard food and ending with toxic gases and poisons for industrial production. All poisonous substances that can poison the human body are divided into 3 classes:
1. the most hazardous substances: any poisonous chemicals, gases, plants and mushrooms;
2. hazardous substances: alcoholic beverages, medicines, shareware, poisonous plants and conditionally edible mushrooms;
3. conditionally hazardous compounds represented by non-poisonous plants, edible mushrooms, poorly cooked food and not poisonous, but have a tendency to become toxic substances.
The signs of chemical poisoning, first aid
In cases of poisoning by acids and alkalis affects the lips and the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. The person experiences pain when swallowing, it made him sick, and then vomiting with admixture of blood.
First aid is gastric lavage with water, adding magnesia at the rate of 1 teaspoon of the substance to 1 Cup of liquid. If the victim's state of health allows, it can cause vomiting, stomach overflowing with cool boiled water. If poisoning alkalis for this purpose, use acidified water obtained by diluting 1 g of citric acid to a glass of water.
What are the symptoms when food and alcohol poisoning
If poisoning poor quality or expired food deterioration of health begins with pain in the abdomen, indigestion, weakness. In severe cases, dizziness can lead to loss of consciousness. Injured call the ambulance.
The deterioration of health in mushroom poisoning begins with weakness, dizziness, nausea, abdominal cramps. The stool becomes liquid and can be blood. Possible convulsions and hallucinations.
Typical symptoms of alcohol poisoning after redness of the face and psycho-emotional arousal is sudden pallor, delirium, loss of consciousness. Allow the victim to feelings, giving him a sniff of ammonia.
How does poisoning with poisons and gases
In case of poisoning industrial poisons first symptoms appear after 6 – 8 hours. First victim complains of weakness and nausea. Then he opens the vomiting, convulsions, hallucinations. Delusions and loss of consciousness.
After contact with insecticides and paint the first signs of poisoning are dizziness, headaches and muscle pain. In mild poisoning symptoms in a short period of time can disappear on their own.
Prolonged exposure to high concentration of vapors hazardous effect of poisoning may be the Central nervous system. By ingestion of poisons on the mucous membrane of the eye, they can cause partial vision loss or serious eye diseases. Poisons trapped at the skin surface, can cause the formation of ulcers.
Swallow the kernels of plums, peaches, apricots are not recommended due to the content of amygdalin, a substance that is converted under the action of gastric juice in hydrocyanic acid.
Remember that any poisoning can have dire consequences for the body. Therefore, if after eating or contact with harmful substances deteriorated health, should consult a doctor.
What you can do before the ambulance
If the casualty's condition allows, it is removed to fresh air. If you feel unwell, it must be put to bed and measure the temperature of food poisoning, accompanied by diarrhea, it may increase.
In contact with toxic substances on the skin, remove the clothing and wash the body with soap and warm water. If you have been affected mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, oral cavity, they are washed. For eye treatment suitable weak solution of tea to the mouth and nose – the usual warm water.