First, you need to determine the style and type of the work. A brief statement should concisely convey the main idea of the full text, sequence the events, the names of characters, time date, etc. On the nature of the analyzed works, we can differentiate several types of presentation: narrative, descriptive, and narrative reasoning. Usually use not one but a combination of several types, for example, a narrative presentation with elements of description or reasoning.
Narrative description of the simplest type, in which it is important to first properly convey the basic meaning and the sequence of actions, the storyline. While the summaries must be informative, without flowery descriptions and abstract phrases. The main thing - to give basic information about what is happening in the text.
Determine the Central idea of the work and its main characters, divide the text into subtopics. Highlight the main actions and fix all the details without which the story would be incomplete. Think as short as possible to Express the idea contained in each fragment. Make a plan. Write a draft, reread, make any necessary edits or additions.
Narrative description is the most difficult type of work. In the original texts, as a rule, there are descriptions of places or items of importance from the point of view of the author. This can be a person's appearance, façade or house decoration, architectural elements (a balcony, porch, etc.), household items, clothing, etc.
You first need to understand what things are and why the author wanted to highlight in his work, how he did it, as expressed in the text. To do this, answer the following questions: which parts of the object and why have a detailed description; what qualities or characteristics of an object need to pay attention to which the smallest details are important not to miss; does the text compare features of different objects or people and on what basis; what means the author used to transmit nuances.
Presentation-the reasoning involves the use of logic, analysis, expression of thoughts, opinions. It is important not only to convey the meaning of the work, but to answer the questions "why did this happen?" "where will this lead?", "who is to blame?", etc. To do this, select the text points that can cause some arguments, try to make their own conclusions, build their idea, developing or supplementing referred to in the text. Narrative, as a rule, this type does not provide as arguments are difficult to Express in a condensed form.