Many people mistakenly believe that turkeys need to be fed in the same manner as chickens. But turkeys are fed a completely different way. Their feeders must be of the form, prevent spillage of feed and water should be supplied in buckets. For feeding use a dry feed (grain and feed) and wet mash (pre-soaked and swollen grain rye).
In the cold season (autumn and winter) turkeys feed three times a day in warm (spring and summer) – 4-5 times. From morning to night bird let's the grain, with the grain of the morning through the day must be supplied from the sprouts.
Day turkeys offer wet mash. In the summer, to powdery feed, add the herbs and the grass, and in autumn and winter – chopped hay and grass meal. Especially useful in winter to give a dried nettle, which contains a lot of vitamin C. Tie it in bundles and dry in a utility room under the roof.
The most valuable component of the winter diet of turkeys is silage made from corn milk stage. It cut back in autumn, and in winter add to the mash. In the winter be sure to give turkeys carrots in any form – the best diet food. In addition to carrots offer the birds Rowan berries or the needles of pine, spruce, fir, rich in carotene and vitamin C.
In summer, the turkeys certainly let out to pasture, so the birds had the opportunity to eat insects, larvae, seeds of plants, as occurs in vivo. If pasture is no, then put in green fodder bundles nails or just put it in the nursery feeders that the turkeys were free to eat.
In day the adult birds (weighing 4 kg and productivity of 18-20 eggs) must obtain 120 g of grain, 120 g of boiled potatoes, 50 g of flour mixture, 30 g hay flour, 70 g, succulents or greenery, 15 g of meal, 10 g of shells, or chalk, 0.6 g salt, 5 g bone meal.
In the breeding season of turkeys feed 4-5 times a day, and males separate from the females and fertilize in the morning and evening cottage cheese, sprouted grain, carrots.
The Chicks in the first days after birth offer a hard-boiled egg and dusted in semolina. On the third day of life, you can give chopped greens, such as chopped green onions, however, give it only in the morning as the onion causes thirst. With two weeks of age the turkeys dry, offer a full feed, putting them in the automatic feeder once a day (only daylight hours).
The first two weeks of Turkey poults feed 8 times a day, try to do it in equal intervals of time. From an early age the Chicks are willing to eat greens, so more greens, clover, nettle, beet tops and carrots, cabbage. At the age of one month the Chicks should be eating 6 times a day, and then 5 times. The first feeding start at 5 a.m., the last at 8 PM.
Never give your bird moldy food, it will lead to her death. Turkeys willingly eat wet mash, only do not let prokisaniya feed. Cook it for 20 minutes before feeding.
Daily allowance of dry food, if that is the only power source for females, 250-270 g for males and 350 g per head.
Advice 2 : Feed for chickens, turkeys and ducks
Sometimes the owners, by purchasing different types of poultry, it is believed that all of them are suitable fodder for chickens. But it is not, the bird requires a power supply that meets the needs of the body.
Feed for turkeys and chickens: is there a difference
It often happens that in the village or the village turkeys are bred on only one farm, and in all other – solely of laying hens. And turkeys are beginning to use chicken feed as just another hard to get. Like outwardly all is well, the mass loss of poultry is not observed, but to sense from such feeding for turkeys is almost there. The reason is that the nutritional value of chicken feed for them is insufficient. They require proteins and vitamins in larger quantities.
But if we are talking about young animals, this difference in the physiological needs of the turkeys and chickens even more noticeable. When the chickens grow up, they need to be converted to food with lower nutritional value, thus increasing the diet content of dietary fiber and calcium. It is important to prepare young individuals for carrying eggs. Transfer the chickens to a new feed allows you to stop premature puberty, promote weight and to complete the formation of the skeleton. And crude fiber improves the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
In turkeys the fry are growing very rapidly, so the choice of food for them should be treated with special care: this depends on the viability of birds, weight gain, and meat quality. The easiest option is to buy turkeys ready feed produced at the plant. But you can prepare balanced food, not inferior to the nutritional value of the factory, the following components: corn, barley, wheat and oat crushed grain, sunflower seed cake, yeast. For the enrichment of protein, you can add bone meal or cottage cheese. Knead this mixture for better milk, feed at the rate of 30 g per one individual.
Feed for ducks
If you compare chickens and ducks, you can see that latest in chicken feed is lacking in calories and crude protein. In summer their food, you can use this food. The lack of nutrients they can fill through greens and root vegetables. But in winter feed you will need to add skim milk, pea, bony and hay flour, starchy vegetables.
If you use in feeding the ducks whole grain, it must germinate. This food they are very useful when they are preparing to breed. There is evidence that sprouted grains helps to improve the quality of the eggs.
Important to know: when a bird kept in a room where there are temperature extremes, the amount of feed should be increased to 20%.