Advice 1: What to feed broilers on poultry farms

There is a perception that the lightning growth of chickens at poultry farms – a consequence of the feeding of hormones, antibiotics and a lot of other unwholesome substances. Is this true, and is it possible to have store-bought chicken without harm to health?
What to feed broilers on poultry farms

The rapid growth



Of course, that by the age of 45 days the chick has grown to the size of the usual chicken carcass, feeding simple grain or bran will not be enough. However, do not think that if the bird factory is growing rapidly that which grows grandmother in the village, the reason is solely the hormones and antibiotics that provoke growth.

The fact that the industrial cultivation of meat chickens poultry farm use special breeds and crosses, in the genetics which provide fast growth and high rate of building muscle mass. Another important aspect of selection of the breed of poultry production – the ability to convert feed into animal protein. Simply put, this bird needs less food to grow big and heavy. This is the main secret of this rapid growth in broiler enterprises.

The basis of the diet



Clean grain to the poultry birds do not feed anybody. But do not think that this factor is negative. The fact that rapid growth and a balanced composition of broiler meat requires a special diet. One grain, even, the highest quality, to ensure that it is not capable of. Therefore, in large industrial plants birds feed ready feed. It's much easier and requires less effort. In addition, all the necessary substances the bird in a stern already are and pick one and eat the other component in broilers simply will not work. Thus, the observance of a perfect diet to follow much easier.

The composition of feed for broilers in different proportions composed of completely natural and familiar to bird ingredients: corn, wheat, sunflower and soybean meal, bone meal, fodder yeast, fat, salt, chalk, and a vitamin-mineral complex. In General, all that feeding poultry in private farms, only milled and dried.

Drugs and harmful substances



It should be noted that without the use of medicines bird to grow in the scope of a large poultry complex is simply impossible. To avoid diseases and epidemics on poultry farms conduct regular vaccination of livestock. But if you buy chickens in the store, you can be sure that before going to the counter all products like obligatory veterinary control. During the analysis experts check the presence of residues of harmful substances or medicines forbidden for use in our country.

Advice 2: How to keep broilers

Many growers prefer to grow chickens-broilers in the home. Individuals reach maximum growth within fifty days from the moment of birth, have a lot of weight. Meat of such chickens is used in baby food, it serves a variety of dishes.
How to keep broilers
Instruction
1
Buy ten Chicks, those hatched earlier, could die. The hatchlings have bright shiny eyes. Do not take broilers, whose eyelids are heavy, such birds are lethargic, have a poor appetite.
2
Take place to keep chickens. Best of all broilers are growing in closed premises, with adjustable lighting and temperature controlled. Take a box, a cage, a box-warmer, etc. Put back the birds.
3
Find materials to help you insulate a place of detention, disinfect the boxes. In the first week the temperature regime should be 30 degrees Celsius. If the room where there are chickens, large, use additional fencing to narrow the location of movement, additional heating sources, e.g., heater.
4
Ensure that the desired temperature is reached, remove the limiters and gradually take away one or two degrees heating the room. On the 21st day of broiler remove the heater. Leave the light just above the feeder and place of sleep Chicks. In the first 16 days of life the birds need round-the-clock lighting, then it has to be adjusted.
5
Monitor the temperature constantly. If it crashes, Chicks should be placed in a separate cage, the box and heat lamps with infrared heaters or with hot water, sand.
6
Build a house based on square meter 60 broilers. Lower the temperature to 4 degrees, alternate every two hours of dark and daylight, keep the temperature mode using lamps with infrared radiation. This will allow the chickens to restrict the movement and increase the weight gain.
7
Feed broiler chopped egg, sliced boiled carrots, fresh greens. Enter the ration of feed manufactured in the factory. Can cook food for yourself, it must include vitamins, minerals, adequate amount of carbohydrates and protein. Include cereals, mix them with crushed boiled potatoes. Let the broiler the cheese, fresh dairy products.
8
Keep drinking water. Buy a few drinkers with a ratio of two litres for every 50 heads of chickens. Take a section of the trough with a length of 5 cm on each broiler. Place the flume trough at the rate of one thing for thirty chickens. In densely content is provided in close contact with each other, it is conducive to the occurrence of pecking, it should be enough space. In good weather the birds can release a walk under my eye.
9
With a ten-age should enter into the diet of fish, grass meal. These products are well mixed with feed. Periodically feed chickens crushed chalk, bone meal, crushed shells.
10
Add to drinking water potassium permanganate or baking soda, if you notice diarrhea in birds. Check the cleanliness of the bedding, cage, crate or boxes. Change the water daily and use only clean feeders.
11
Weigh broilers daily, get Libra. The norm is carcass, weighing 2-3 kg. Upon reaching the desired value and further feeding is impractical.

Advice 3: How to feed broiler chickens

Like all other hybrids, the broiler Chicks are known for growing fast, but not too high resistance to the different infections and diseases. To broiler grew healthy and plump, it is necessary to correctly feed: food for these chickens must be as balanced as possible.
Feeding broiler - it is responsible!

How to feed broiler chickens in the first days of life?



Still immature chickens should eat at full strength. Need to monitor their feeders: they must constantly be filled with dry food. In the first days of appearance of the chickens the light they need to give the mixture of finest wheat, corn, barley, bran. You can RUB on a grater boiled eggs in a ratio of 1 egg for 20 chickens. It is important to understand that during this period, the broilers require constant power.

Feed the bird every 3-4 hours, leaving a small break for rest in the night. Experts advise to feed chickens yogurt from skim milk and fresh cheese. After three days in the diet of broilers can introduce green fodder at the rate of 3 g per chicken, cabbage, greens, beet, a young nettle, carrots. Vitamins in their composition, form the immune system of broiler. These foods are recommended to give the bird fresh.

How to feed broiler chickens after two weeks of life?



After a couple of weeks after the birth of their Chicks in the mix, you need to add a bit of boiled potatoes. The amount you need over time to gradually increase. Since the ten-week age, they should be well cooked and finely chopped fish waste at the rate of 5 g per chicken. Matured broilers fed vegetable proteins in soy or any other cake, added to the mix. The proportion is the following: 20 g per head.

Any innovations in the diets of broiler chickens should be done gradually: first the bird accustom to new food, and then increase its quantity. Experts advise to feed broilers crushed carrots, as it is extremely helpful. The proportion of 20 g per chicken. For good digestion of broilers in mixture should be added feed fat. Don't forget about the drinkers! You have to watch them: drinkers should be always complete because water improves the appetite of the chicken and its metabolism.

How to feed broiler chickens before slaughter?



A few weeks before slaughter from the diet of broiler chickens excluded food, which spoil the taste and quality of poultry meat. For example, in order to avoid unpleasant smell of the carcass of the broilers no longer need to give the fish waste and flour. No need to make the chickens frequent walks, otherwise food will go to the restoration of energy expended, not to increase the nutrient supply.

A few hours before slaughter need to free her of the gastrointestinal tract. This applies to the so-called pre-slaughter fasting: chickens are not fed for 6-8 hours before death. Better to do it in the daytime, and the slaughter to produce night in a well lit room: in this case, the processes of digestion and cleaning intestines of birds will operate at full capacity, which will improve the quality of the meat.

Advice 4: How to grow broiler chickens

The cultivation of chickens-broilers at home without knowledge is difficult, because this breed is the least resistant to disease and stress than the chickens of other breeds of hens. This is due to the fact that broilers are fast growing birds, so they are more demanding to the quality of feed and the conditions of detention.
Yesterday it was the chicken!
You will need
  • Broiler chickens
  • Aviary
  • Infrared lamp
  • Lime-Pushenko (0.5 kg per 1 m2).
  • Litter (straw cutting, shaving, sawdust, rice and sunflower husk, peat)
  • Feed
  • Water
Instruction
1
In order to breed chickens, it is necessary first to buy them. Usually broilers are bred for incubator-poultry station or specialised broiler farm. It is best to buy birds of the following breeds: broiler-6", "Gibro", "Change".
2
One of the ways of growing chickens on litter. But before fill the room, it is necessary to disinfect floors in lime-pechenkoj. It scattered on the floor, and on top of doing the litter layer with a thickness of 5 cm, litter, renew and fill up at the rate of 2 kg per broiler.
3
If growing chickens is important for heat retention, especially in the first weeks of their lives. For this purpose heaters or infrared lamps. Initially the temperature in the room keep a high around 24 to 26 degrees, and then gradually reduced, leading to 20 degrees in a month.
4
To feed the growing Chicks should be varied, to add to the feed a sufficient amount of mineral substances (lime) and chopped parsley. If the chickens were bought in the spring, the food they can add to milk products. This has a positive effect on the digestive system of Chicks and enriches food with protein.
Grown chickens-broilers are typically fed complete feed, the composition of which varies depending on their age. To food and water access needs to be constant during the day.
5
For the prevention of diseases need to follow the stocking density of birds. The denser the population of broilers in the room, the lower the productivity growth and weight gain as in Chicks and adult birds.
Note
Water chickens must always be. It is better not to feed the chickens than to leave them without water.
Useful advice
In good weather, the chickens need to produce fresh air. This is equipped with a special range. The main thing to watch at this time for air temperature and lack of drafts.

Advice 5: How to breed broiler

Broilers are meat chickens early-maturing breed, which is impossible to obtain in the home. Poultry breed is removed by crossing white Cornish breeds with meat-egg breed white plimutrok. Vaporizing eggs obtained from the hybrid broilers, the progeny of beef breed will not work as the crossing need to produce constantly in order to get a precocious meat breed. So Chicks rationally to grow only purchased at an industrial poultry farm.
How to breed broiler
You will need
  • - boxes for up to 4 weeks;
  • lamp for additional lighting;
  • - the egg;
  • - millet;
  • - feed for the chickens;
  • - vitamins tetravit or trivia;
  • - pipette;
  • - fresh herbs;
  • - fresh cheese;
  • - potassium permanganate;
  • - sawdust or straw for bedding
  • - vitamin-mineral complex for roleref;
  • - crushed grain;
  • - vegetables;
  • - trough;
  • - drinkers.
Instruction
1
After the purchase of chickens they need to be in boxes at a temperature of from 28 degrees to 30 degrees and with additional artificial lighting. In one box should be no more than 15 chickens, as they may suppress each other because of the habit bunch.
2
The first week the diet should consist of hard boiled eggs and crispy millet. Once a day should be put instead of water a weak solution of potassium permanganate for watering, as broilers are prone to stomach disorders, which can die. The feed you want to add liquid vitamins, tetravit or trivit, at the rate of one drop three chicken.
3
From the second week of the diet extends at the expense of fresh cheese, chopped greens. It is also possible to gradually introduce crushed grain and feed for the chickens.
4
After four weeks the Chicks are transferred to permanent cultivation, the temperature lowered to 18-20 degrees and maintained at constant levels until the end of fattening. At higher temperatures, the Chicks do not grow at a lower temperature start to ache.
5
The best and fastest growing meat breed of chickens is considered bezvyhodnoe content on deep litter of sawdust or straw. In the same cell need not contain more than 12-15 goals.
6
To feed broilers must be abundantly. Drink fresh water and in sufficient quantity. Feeders should be washed and cleaned to avoid diseases of chickens.
7
The diet should consist of cracked grain, feed for chicken, chopped greens, boiled vegetables. To the end of the fattening period, feed need to add vitamins. With one month you can add the dry vitamin-mineral complexes for broilers.
8
Industrial weight broilers reach in two months, but only if the right content and abundant feeding. That is with proper feeding, in a year you can grow 5-6 herds of chickens.

Advice 6: How to raise broilers

To grow broilers on any plot that has a small utility room. Big money in the cultivation of this breed of chickens is unlikely to succeed to make money, but to provide you and your family a useful dietary meat is quite real.
Broiler

Why is the broiler?



In order to grow two or three dozen chickens enough to have a utility room with a size of 4-5 m2. For growing in the winter such a room should be warmed using, for example, mineral wool. In the summer paddock for additional insulation is not needed.

For growing of laying hens, in addition to the pen, it is necessary to equip the place for their daily walks, in the case of broilers the availability of additional walking is not mandatory, moreover not recommended. The main rule of the fancier goes something like this: the smaller the broiler is moving, the faster it grows.

With intense nutrition broiler growing really fast and already at the age of 2 months, gaining 3-4 kg weight. For comparison, a laying hen of the same age weighs 500-600 g. with Regards to the cost of food, the broiler also win, because for 1 kg of gain of this wonderful bird requires 3-4 kg of feed, chicken is another breed of 8-9 kg.

Features of cultivation



For cultivation in any season is normally acquired bird in days age, but you can buy a slightly grown-up chickens. The first two weeks of life are the most important for broilers, therefore, in this period they need special care.

Small Chicks are very afraid of the cold, so you can keep them in a warm place, using a cardboard box. Warm babies can be a conventional lamp, hung it from a distance of 25-30 cm from the box. To heat the Chicks need round the clock.

At a very early age broilers should be fed chopped egg or cheese, but you can use a ready feed – the so-called feed for chickens. You should also make sure that the birds always had access to clean and fresh water.

In order to protect the livestock from possible diseases, in particular diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, at the age of 3 weeks the Chicks should drink a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After 3-4 weeks this procedure must be repeated.

Feed the grown broilers preferably finished feed. For three or four weeks prior to slaughter (age 2 months), the food need to enter the crushed maize grain, gradually increasing his dosage. A couple of weeks before slaughter, it is possible to opt out of the feed and move the chickens to the natural grain. It is noticed that the carcass of a chicken, who ate corn, has a rich and delicious yellow.
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