The rapid growth
Of course, that by the age of 45 days the chick has grown to the size of the usual chicken carcass, feeding simple grain or bran will not be enough. However, do not think that if the bird factory is growing rapidly that which grows grandmother in the village, the reason is solely the hormones and antibiotics that provoke growth.
The fact that the industrial cultivation of meat chickens poultry farm use special breeds and crosses, in the genetics which provide fast growth and high rate of building muscle mass. Another important aspect of selection of the breed of poultry production – the ability to convert feed into animal protein. Simply put, this bird needs less food to grow big and heavy. This is the main secret of this rapid growth in broiler enterprises.
The basis of the diet
Clean grain to the poultry birds do not feed anybody. But do not think that this factor is negative. The fact that rapid growth and a balanced composition of broiler meat requires a special diet. One grain, even, the highest quality, to ensure that it is not capable of. Therefore, in large industrial plants birds feed ready feed. It's much easier and requires less effort. In addition, all the necessary substances the bird in a stern already are and pick one and eat the other component in broilers simply will not work. Thus, the observance of a perfect diet to follow much easier.
The composition of feed for broilers in different proportions composed of completely natural and familiar to bird ingredients: corn, wheat, sunflower and soybean meal, bone meal, fodder yeast, fat, salt, chalk, and a vitamin-mineral complex. In General, all that feeding poultry in private farms, only milled and dried.
Drugs and harmful substances
It should be noted that without the use of medicines bird to grow in the scope of a large poultry complex is simply impossible. To avoid diseases and epidemics on poultry farms conduct regular vaccination of livestock. But if you buy chickens in the store, you can be sure that before going to the counter all products like obligatory veterinary control. During the analysis experts check the presence of residues of harmful substances or medicines forbidden for use in our country.
Advice 2: How to raise broilers
To grow broilers on any plot that has a small utility room. Big money in the cultivation of this breed of chickens is unlikely to succeed to make money, but to provide you and your family a useful dietary meat is quite real.
Why is the broiler?
In order to grow two or three dozen chickens enough to have a utility room with a size of 4-5 m2. For growing in the winter such a room should be warmed using, for example, mineral wool. In the summer paddock for additional insulation is not needed.
For growing of laying hens, in addition to the pen, it is necessary to equip the place for their daily walks, in the case of broilers the availability of additional walking is not mandatory, moreover not recommended. The main rule of the fancier goes something like this: the smaller the broiler is moving, the faster it grows.
With intense nutrition broiler growing really fast and already at the age of 2 months, gaining 3-4 kg weight. For comparison, a laying hen of the same age weighs 500-600 g. with Regards to the cost of food, the broiler also win, because for 1 kg of gain of this wonderful bird requires 3-4 kg of feed, chicken is another breed of 8-9 kg.
Features of cultivation
For cultivation in any season is normally acquired bird in days age, but you can buy a slightly grown-up chickens. The first two weeks of life are the most important for broilers, therefore, in this period they need special care.
Small Chicks are very afraid of the cold, so you can keep them in a warm place, using a cardboard box. Warm babies can be a conventional lamp, hung it from a distance of 25-30 cm from the box. To heat the Chicks need round the clock.
At a very early age broilers should be fed chopped egg or cheese, but you can use a ready feed – the so-called feed for chickens. You should also make sure that the birds always had access to clean and fresh water.
In order to protect the livestock from possible diseases, in particular diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, at the age of 3 weeks the Chicks should drink a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After 3-4 weeks this procedure must be repeated.
Feed the grown broilers preferably finished feed. For three or four weeks prior to slaughter (age 2 months), the food need to enter the crushed maize grain, gradually increasing his dosage. A couple of weeks before slaughter, it is possible to opt out of the feed and move the chickens to the natural grain. It is noticed that the carcass of a chicken, who ate corn, has a rich and delicious yellow.