Usually a chess game starts with the pawns moves - front shapes. The pawn can only go forward one square, but the first move can be done on two fields. Has a pawn on the diagonal. These figures are very small, but in the end, their role increases. A pawn who reached the last horizontal line can turn into any shape the senior rank.
Ladya - the figure standing on the edge of the field. A rook moves vertically and diagonally on an arbitrary number of fields. The figure can move both backward and forward. The rook is not very popular in the chess moves, but often it serves as an auxiliary figure.
Horse is next to the rook. He goes by the letter "G" - first, two squares vertically or horizontally, and then another, perpendicular to the first two. The horse is one of the most used figures. Its unpredictable course and the ability to jump over other pieces makes the horse is indispensable for planning complex maneuvers.
The elephant, or the officer is the closest figure to the king and Queen. The Bishop moves diagonally for an unlimited number of fields. Two bishops complement each other: one of them during the game only goes for white fields, and the second - on black. Together with the horse, the elephant used in most chess puzzles.
The Queen is one of the major chess pieces. Usually the players turn their pawns that have reached the last horizontal, that is in Queens. This figure differs high maneuverability - it goes both vertically and horizontally, and diagonally. The loss of a Queen in most cases determines the outcome of a chess game, although of all the rules and exceptions are possible.
The king is the main chess piece, for which there is a struggle throughout the party. However, has such a huge role, the king can move only one square horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. The king can also beat the figures, but only within his reach.
According to the standard rules, if a player touched his piece, he obliged her to walk, and if someone else - then he needs to beat her in speed. It is also impossible to take a move back if a piece has already been moved, and it was taken away the hand.
In addition to the usual steps, popular chess is castling. It lies in the fact that the king and rook change places, while the king passes two fields to the side of one of the rooks, and the rook moves on the field, which was the king. Castling is possible, if both pieces have not done the moves, and between them there are other figures.