Drugs penicillin - antibiotics narrow spectrum
To antibiotics narrow spectrum of action includes drugs penicillin. They are the waste products of certain types of fungi. For the manufacture of drugs most often used were most active benzylpenicillin. Penicillin antibiotics include the "Bitsillin", "Oxacillin", "Ampicillin" and some others.
Penicillin affect gram-positive organisms from the list cocci (streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci, etc.), spirochetes and some gram-negative microorganisms (gonococci, meningococci). Preparations of penicillin are ineffective against viruses of tuberculosis, protozoal infections, and most gram-negative microorganisms.
The penicillins are active against bacteria that cause anthrax, actinomycosis, photospheres.
Antibiotics based on penicillin are used to eliminate severe staphylococcal and streptococcal skin lesions, boils, gangrenous herpes zoster. These drugs can be administered to young children with severe PicoScope diseases: dermatitis, epidemic pemphigus newborns, pseudopodoces, erosive erythema of the buttocks. They are effective in the treatment of patients with lupus erythematosus, scleroderma.
Indications for use drugs streptomycin
Drugs of the streptomycin is also referred to antibiotics narrow spectrum of activity. Streptomycin is produced by radiant fungus called Actinomyces globisporus streptomycini, and other related microorganisms. Drugs of this fungus show an active effect on most gram-negative and some gram-positive microorganisms and acid-fast bacteria. To this group of antibiotics is "Streptomycin sulfate", "Dihydrostreptomycin Pantothenate", "Dihydrostreptomycin ascorbate", "Streptomycin".
Streptomycine do not have effective action on anaerobic bacteria, viruses, spirochetes, Rickettsia.
Drugs of the streptomycin prescribed for many skin diseases. They are used mostly in tuberculosis of various forms, including skin tuberculosis. Streptomycin in such cases is concurrent with other medications and bracing means. It is not recommended to use preparations of streptomycin for the treatment of tubercular diseases.
To take antibiotics narrow spectrum of action need only on prescription. The dose, duration of treatment determined by the physician individually in each case. Antibiotics produced in the form of tablets for oral administration, ampoules with solution for injections, in the form of powder to make solution. These medicines have certain side effects, their list is specified in the instructions to the drug.