You will need
- - rose nursery;
- - rotted manure;
- - dolomite powder;
- - peat;
- - "EPIN";
- nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers;
- - drainage;
- - garden tools;
- - spruce branches;
- - branches of trees;
- - lutrasil.
Before planting carefully inspect the branches and roots of plants. Remove the thin appendages, damaged and broken shoots. The roots of the rose cut to 30 cm If the branches and roots retain moisture, do not bend, have a wrinkled look, soak the plant in cold water with a solution of "EPIN" on the day. This powerful growth stimulator will help to Wake up the sleeping buds and allow the plant better withstand stress from transplanting. After the plant is saturated with water, again examine it and cut all the dead roots and shoots. Do not worry if after cutting will remain a small living root and short stem plants, so it will be easier to root.
Pick rose well-lit area with fertile soil. When planting in the hole place a layer of drainage, fill it with sand, the sand slide, pour a mixture of rotted manure, dolomite and peat in proportion 1:1:1. Set up seedling soil slides and straighten the roots, stacking them evenly on all sides. Close the roots of the fertile layer of earth removed when digging the hole.
Water roses at least once a week. Watering produce under a Bush, avoiding getting water on the leaves and flowers of plants. When watering on greens, there is a risk of infection rose from different diseases. One rose Bush requires at least 5 liters of water. Climbing rose more hydrophilic, more water, pouring at least 15 liters of water under a plant.
Fertilize and fertilize the rose throughout the growing season. The plant likes nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. Purchase for this purpose, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium sulphate, be humus or compost. First feed produce as soon as the snow melts and the plant will prepare for the new season. Subsequent feeding produce 1-2 times a month throughout the summer. Phosphate fertilizers are made, when the plant starts to grow the first buds, the rest can be alternated.
Stop cut rose flowers in August. This will help calm the growth of plants and the formation of new ovaries. Guide potassium-phosphorous fertilizer for the maturation of the shoots. In September, begin to pinch back the young shoots of a Bush. In October, remove all flowers and buds from the plants and cut shoots up to 30-40 cm
With the onset of cold -5-8ºc shears remove all the leaves from the Bush. Tie the shoots in one bundle and place them on a prepared Mat, composed of dry branches, twigs or boards. Secure the bundles are weighed down, cover a wide piece would lutrasil, capturing not only Bush, but the land around it. Prispela the shelter to the ground and secure it from the wind with boards, bricks or stones.
At the end of March, begin to reveal the roses during the day. At night, again, covers them lutrasilom. In early April, remove the cover completely, remove the litter from the boards.
Advice 2: Caring for roses after planting
Rose requires much more attention and care than other plants in the country. To care for the "Queen of flowers" includes watering, loosening the soil, chemical treatment against disease and pests, timely fertilizing, pruning and shaping of the Bush.
Care with soil and watering
Roses love very abundant watering. Immediately after planting, water them every day. When the seedlings take root will be enough once a week morning or evening. Do not water the rose bushes in the heat of the day: drops of water that fall on the leaves very quickly cause burns. Water for irrigation should be warm (room temperature). You can use the rain. Tap water for during the day: at this time, will the chlorine and it has time to warm up under the sunlight. Pour water from the watering very carefully at the root of the sapling. After this, the ground under the rose Bush needs to mulch: put on a thin layer of peat, sawdust or loose vegetable compost. Mulching is done with two objectives: to prevent the evaporation of moisture and to prevent erosion of the roots of the roses. The roots must have oxygen. To do this, perform regular soil loosening. As soon as it gets cold, the soil around the rose seal.
Combating disease and pests
Regularly inspect roses for collecting a single pest manually. Spraying are protected from diseases and bugs. In early spring spend processing the bushes with copper sulfate (100 g per 10 liters of water). This spraying helps from powdery mildew. If the disease does occur, to control it use "Topaz" (4 ml / 10 l of water) or Ambulance (2 ml per 10 liters of water). Very effective are spraying sulfur colloid (40 grams per 5 liters of water). Such fungicides as Bordeaux mixture and the solution odnomernoi liquid well help in the fight against many diseases and pests.
Traditionally, dressing is carried out several times. Complex fertilizers make before abundant flowering. Ammonium nitrate and potassium salt - 10-15 grams per Bush. In the period of ovary buds best fertilizer - solution slurry. The ratio of water and manure: 10:1. 3-4 plants will need about 10 liters. In August rose to feed phosphorus-potassium fertilizers: 15-20 grams per Bush.
Pruning and shaping of shrub
Pruning is the key to rapid growth and abundant flowering rose bushes. Each escape roses growing and developing for several years, and then dies, starting from the top. On the stem of the Bush are buds, which develop new shoots. If the rosebush is not cut, then it will look ugly because of the presence of dead shoots. Only climbing roses do not need pruning. After removal of excess shoots from the roots, there are more forces in order to feed the aerial part of the plant. They no longer need to supply the necessary nutrients of dead branches.
For pruning use sharp secateurs and if the thickness of the stems greater than 2 cm, then a garden saw. Bush, standard and other types of roses decided to crop in early spring. Multiflowered roses match in late summer or autumn, after flowering. Do not trim too late, as this leads to a weakening of the rose Bush. There is such a rule: crop planted Bush so that the number of shoots was equal to the number of roots.