Choose a variety and plant seeds
First, get seeds. This is a crucial moment. For growing tomatoes at home is suitable only for low-growing varieties. High-will stretch even more, will not be so decorative and will give a full harvest.
For the cultivation of ornamental tomatoes will fit the following classes: "Bonsai", "Garden pearl", "ruby", "George Bush", "Japanese room", "Balcony miracle" and other names dwarf tomato. Indoor tomatoes give a small fruit, they have the largest varieties of "Balcony miracle".
After purchasing the seeds to determine the sowing date. Tomatoes for home growing are planted from mid-February to late March. If you have a glazed balcony, there is a lamp for supplementary lighting, then you can start planting in the early period. In the absence of all this select a date in mid-March.
Seeds of tomatoes for growing in pots ready exactly the same as those that will continue your growth and development in the garden. First, place them in a pouch made of gauze and Bessarabia in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (it should be pink).
Then place them overnight in a nutrient solution prepared with water with a growth stimulant, pills minerals or wood ash (1 teaspoon to 500 ml water).
Then place the bag with the seeds in the water, which should cover it by a third or half, and put in a warm place for germination. After 3 days the seeds will start to arise.
Yet appeared very small part of the white of the spine, place the container with the embryos in the fridge overnight or for a day.
Meanwhile, prepare the containers. You can use packages from-under juice or milk, putting them horizontally and cut the sidewall. Fill them with soil and plant the seeds hardened to a depth of 1.5 cm.
Swordplay, caring for potted tomatoes
In such containers they will grow a month, then transplant them into individual pots, yogurt. Not preobladaet seedlings and create a temperature not exceeding +20+23°, so they are not stretched.
3-4 weeks to dive down them a second time to a permanent place in the large pots. They should be larger – at least 15 cm in diameter and 20 cm in height.
Write next to each plant a stake and tie the stem to it. Spend the first feeding after 2 weeks after planting the bushes. To do this, dissolve the mullein in water in the ratio 1:10.
When the plants start flowering, feed them with a solution of potassium HUMATE and trace elements. Every 3 days, lightly shake the stem to better pollination. Collect the fruits as they Mature, so they do not interfere to sing to others.
That the fruits of potted tomatoes were sweet, grow them on a Sunny balcony or window. In the shade they will be sour.
The tomato plant is perennial. Don't throw it in the autumn, and leave to spend the winter in a pot, put on the windowsill, and watering infrequently. In the spring the plant has new leaves appear, begin to feed, dosvechivat it and looking forward to the fruit.
Advice 2: How to grow large tomatoes
Novice gardeners-gardeners, unfortunately, can not achieve the expected tall harvest tomatoes no matter how they tried. And it's nice to gather early in the morning from your own garden shiny and ripe tomatoes, which are distinguished by their unique taste. But to grow big tomatoes is still possible.
You will need
- - boxes;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - salt;
- - micronutrient;
- manure humus;
- - peat;
- - superphosphate;
- - nitroammophos;
- - magnesium;
- - ash;
- - thick wire;
- - chicken manure.
The first step is to choose the variety of tomato, the fruits of which are large. There are lots of them, so consult the store where an experienced salesperson will help you choose the right variety. Before buying seeds, carefully read the instructions for planting and growing this type of tomato. Healthy and quality seedlings will help to obtain large fruit in the early stages.
At the end of January we will start preparing the seeds. For a start, they should be heated at a temperature of 50-60 degrees. Then place them in a container with a pre-prepared solution of sodium chloride 3% and mix thoroughly. Use for planting only those seeds which have settled to the bottom, surfaced, the seeds can be disposed of, they are empty. Soak suitable tomato seeds in a weak solution of permanganate of potassium twenty minutes.
Rinse seeds and let dry for one hour at room temperature. Dissolve in two and a half liters of water a quarter pill of micronutrients and again soak the seeds for twelve hours. Then for twelve days is hardened. To do this, keep the seeds for twelve hours at room temperature, when temperature 1-2 degrees. Now you can start to sowing in boxes.
The soil mixture should consist of manure humus, sod land and lowland peat (all in equal proportions – by the bucket). Fill the following mixture of fertilizers: 200 grams of double superphosphate, 100 grams of nitroammophos, 100 grams kalimagnesia and 1.5 liters of ash remaining after burning of foliage of tomatoes. Fill the boxes with the prepared composition and make a shallow hole (the layer of earth should not exceed 6 inches, otherwise it may sour), in which lay the seeds, sprinkle with soil and lightly moisten. Cover the boxes with cling film and put in a warm place, the temperature should be 25-28 degrees. Watering crops in the morning and evening.
Times in twelve days watering the seedlings with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. When the seedlings show four good leaves, transplant them into paper containers, the amount of which should be 10x12 inches.
At the end of April we will start planting seedlings in open ground. Prepare the soil: loosen the iron rake and cover with black tape. On the eve of these actions make the land mineral fertilizers: 20 grams of ammonium sulfate, 30 grams of nitroammophos, 20 grams of potassium sulfate and 20 grams kalimagnesia (one square meter). Dig site.
The bed should consist of four rows, aisle width – two feet. Dig holes with a depth of thirty centimeters and make a mixture of chicken manure (a pint of litter to two liters of water). Planted seedlings with a lump of earth, so as not to damage the roots. Then water the plant and put the arc of thick wire at intervals of 50-60 cm.
If in the flowering period starts the rains – cover patch with foil, pulling it on arc. Each plant form a single stem with three buds, and remove superfluous shoots, until the harvest at the last inflorescence. Then the chasing – cut tops. Three weeks before fruit ripening produce root fertilizing, the predominance in the land of potassium and phosphorus will accelerate the ripening of fruits. Water the tomatoes with plenty of water once in four days, this will be enough for good growth. Use settled water, but in any case not cold. Soon you will enjoy the size and quantity of the harvested crop.
Advice 3: How to grow tomatoes at home
Features a private suburban area, not everyone can. However, a great alternative for a real vegetable garden can be a window sill of the usual city apartment, where you can grow a variety of vegetable crops, one of which are tomatoes.
You will need
- - plastic cups; - soil; seeds - dwarf or dwarf varieties of tomatoes; - polyethylene; - additional lighting (agro lamp, fluorescent lamp); - pear for soil moisture; - pots with a volume of 3-5L; mineral or organic fertilizers; - clay; - sand; - peat; - wooden pegs
In order to grow tomatoes at home, prepare the usual plastic cups and fill them with soil. Disinfect the soil by filling it with boiling water. After it has cooled, put seeds in the ground, deepening them a couple of inches. In one Cup put 2-3 seed. Weak shoots after germination remove.
Cups with planted seeds in them, cover with polythene and place them in a warm place, the temperature which ranges from 25 to 30°C. until germination, transfer the cups with home planted tomatoes on the window sill.
To start watering only after drying of the upper soil layer. This will reduce the likelihood of fungal diseases. Watering home grown tomatoes with pears, sticking it between the wall of the Cup and soil. Using this method of watering, you will not preobragenia the top layer of soil and eliminate the possibility of erosion.
A month after the seedlings are strong enough, you can start replanting it in large containers. For growing dwarf varieties of tomatoes at home is best suited pots with a volume of 3-5L. On the bottom of the tank, place the concrete, pour a layer of sand with a height of 2cm, the middle of the pot, set the plant and sprinkle it with earth until the cotyledon leaves. In order to grow tomatoes at home, use soil, including sand, peat, humus and sod land, taken in equal proportions.
Regularly remove side shoots of tomatoes grown at home. This process is to remove the developing in the leaf axils of the shoots. And remove them with hands, without use of knife or any other sharp instruments. Timely getting rid of consuming nutrients from plants stepchildren, you will greatly increase the yield.
In order to grow tomatoes at home and get rich harvest, gently water them 3-4 times a week with warm water, avoiding erosion of the soil under a Bush. Every 2 weeks, fertilize plants with organic (manure, ash) and mineral fertilizers. And as the growth of stems necessarily podesavate them to vertically wooden pegs.
After the formation of the main part of the fruit, remove the top of the plants together with flowering tassels. Thus you will ensure grown in tomatoes full development.
Tomatoes are light-requiring culture, it is not afraid of direct sunlight, so growing them at home is best suited South side. If the Windows of your apartment face North, West or East, provide the tomatoes with supplementary lighting in the form of fluorescent lamps.
For growing tomatoes at home is best suited for dwarf or low-growing varieties such as "Little Florida" and "oak" that bring small, but very tasty and juicy fruit.