You will need
- - moped;
- - speakers
- - two-core wire for power supply;
- - switch off;
- player or mobile phone as a sound source;
- - otoacoustic 27 amps and 9 amp hours.
Consider and collect, rear or side cases to the bike. The cases are manufactured from plywood. Inside the case, plan and fabricate the necessary mounts for all components of the music system. Speakers embed in the body of the case so that the sound with the installation of the coffer was the direction of the rider.
To facilitate in the Assembly of the enclosure do not install one of his panels – the one in which you punch speakers. This panel secure after completing all connections and tests.
The on-Board electrical system of a moped going to put the battery or install it instead of regular motorcycle battery. From the battery, route the leads for connection of the amplifier.
Install the speakers in the panel box. When installing multiple speakers, one of them put it on the steering column to get the stereo sound. The wires from the speaker output to the amp and plug in the correct orientation. The splices tape.
Cable connect the music source you take from the old headphones with the appropriate connector. Print it in a handy place so that you can connect your player or phone without distraction from management.
The power plug to the ignition switch or directly to the battery. The negative wire from the amplifier output to the frame, and secure, pre-cleaning the connection. The positive lead will connect through the switch off. The toggle switch install on the body of the carrying case in a convenient location.
Make the warning device, reminding you to disable the music system. To do this, take the led or any indicator from the other moped and scooters. Connect it to the switch so that the indicator is constantly light up when music is on. The indicator clip on the outside of the housing case so that it was visible.
Carefully insulate all wire connections, connect the music and you can check its performance. Then install the case to the desired location and fasten securely. To improve the appearance of the trunk, upholster it with leather, fit an fabric or color.
Advice 2: How to choose a moped
If you need an inexpensive and easy means of transport, or you are preparing to ride a motorcycle, but you have no experience, buying a moped is the best option. It's fast, easy to manage and, importantly, inexpensive. However, a large number of different models available on the market, puts the buyer in a dead end.
Pay attention to the country of origin. Avoid mopeds Russian and Chinese origin. Even the most Patriotic person should understand that the moped in the first place - the vehicle and therefore the road carries a certain risk for life. The chance that at full speed and jam the chain wheel, the engine fails or brakes, the Russian and Chinese models much more than Japanese or German. Chinese scooter show itself quite well in terms of reliability, but replacement items quickly become useless - the price of the machine lies in the frequent replacement of various parts of the moped.
Ask the year of manufacture of a moped, if you take it with. Even the most reliable mopeds the most famous brands "age" as anything else. If you still take the scooter, released in the last century, then check the engine, frame (no cracks, rust, etc.) and electronics.
Check the engine size on the documents to the moped. If its volume over fifty cubic meters, ready to pass to obtain a driving license of category A. If the document is not the owner, think, and whether it generally take?
When you purchase a moped in the cabin, find the address of service centers that provide repair and parts for your model. Do not take a "white Raven", which nobody knows or seen. Want it or not, sooner or later, like any technology, the bike will require repair.
Advice 3: How to register a moped
On the territory of the Russian Federation with the purpose of control and accounting of vehicles obligatory registration of mopeds. This procedure is not a mere duty to the state, it will help you prove, if necessary, their property rights to the vehicle.
You will need
- - Document that certifies the identity of the owner of a moped;
- - Document certifying payment of fees;
- - Passport moped (if issued);
- - A document that confirms ownership of a moped (for example, a contract of sale);
- - A document that confirms your authority in the implementation of the registration of a moped;
- - The insurance policy on compulsory insurance of vehicles or a civil liability;
- - Registration marks of a moped or the character "transit", if such is issued;
- - Evidence that the design of the moped meets the security requirements.
You should contact the registration authority at the place of residence with a passport proving your identity.
In MREO you should get specially designed for the registration forms and fill them.
In the forms necessary to enter data of the owner, the name of the moped model and specify engine number, frame year, as well as the place and time of acquisition of the registered vehicle.
You must sign the document, confirming the data entered. (If necessary, this document will verify your ownership of the moped if you need it in the future).
The inspector checks the numbers that appear on the form with the actual numbers on the bike and writes the TCP.
Bike is assigned and you will receive a state number. You need only to fasten license plates to a vehicle.
In some countries and some regions of the Russian Federation, to become a mandatory procedure of obtaining the certificate of the right of mopeds, and the registration procedure is a first step towards this important step in safe driving. If you do not want unnecessary problems, the registration mopeds must be carried out mandatory. In addition, the management of a moped without registration is a serious violation of the law, which leads to serious penalties-large sizes. It is unlikely that you need extra problems, so it is much more profitable to produce official registration of a moped and safely to enjoy driving this type of vehicle.
Deciding to register or not to register your vehicle, give preference in favor of the first, because this procedure is necessary not only to government officials, in the event of a dispute on the ownership of a moped or theft, you will have more evidence that this is your property. That is why the registration of a moped is so important. Otherwise, law enforcement is unlikely you will be able to help in case of loss of a moped and in other problematic situations.
Advice 4: How to repair a moped
A moped, like any other technology, eventually breaks down. And then the owner faces the choice: buy a new vehicle or fix the old one. It all depends on the nature and extent of the damage. If they are small, it makes sense to make repairs on their own.
You will need
- Wrenches, screwdrivers, awl, vise, hammer and tongs.
Inspect your faulty moped and determine which parts need replacement or repair. New best to book in a workshop or in a specialized store. For details, don't skimp – they many times pay for itself in the future, moreover, depends upon the quality of your safety on the road. Invite your more experienced friend to help you repair.
First, thoroughly wash and dry your bike. Remove elements that will prevent you in the process of repair. If damaged parts have small sizes, it makes sense to include them on the table – so it will be much easier to deal with them.
Detaching separate elements of a moped, remember their sequence. Don't forget that ultimately the entire design will have to collect back. Dismantled parts in clean gasoline or wipe with a cloth soaked in it. Start to disassemble with the front wheels, the boot and racks. Inspect even the smallest items that may affect the performance of the bike.
If the item is badly rusted or has visible defects - chips, curvature, dents, without hesitation replace it. It won't last. After you have all carefully examined and removed the damaged part, carefully lubricate every detail.
Assemble the design in reverse order, instead of the old parts, put new Try not to forget even the smallest details – they are no less important than those same wheels and the steering wheel. It is better not to stretch the repair for a long time, if possible, do everything in a day or two. Otherwise, it is easy to forget something or to lose small parts.
These tips can help only in case if the damage has affected only certain parts of the rack. If you have, for example, "flew" the motor to fix it yourself you are unlikely, and a visit to the salon will become inevitable.
Advice 5: How to put motor on the Bicycle
To equip bike with the motor is enough to buy one of the many engines, specifically designed for bicycles. The most widely motors, fixed to the frame. Plant availability and reliability allow you to mount the motor at home.
You will need
- - engine type F-50
Start with installing asterisk. Install the two rubber seals on the rear wheel of a Bicycle: one between the spokes and the other for knitting. The star put on the bushing with the outer side of the wheel and the Crescent – from the inside. Then tighten them with bolts. Check the gap on an inserted asterisk: it should not exceed 1.5 mm on both sides. To correct the gap, spin the wheel and pull the sprocket where it is needed.
Please note that the installed asterisk bulges and indentations of teeth needs to be directed inward towards the spokes. This is to prevent the slack chain and ensure that the correct distance from the rear wheel to the bike frame.
Engine install according to the drawing. On the right handlebar throttle place, pre-drill technological hole with a diameter of 5 mm at a distance of 125 mm from the end of the handle. Install the throttle carefully. The motor switch set with choke and connect one end to black wire of motor, and the other to the blue wire of the motor. On the left handlebar install clutch lever.
The gas tank mount on the top tube of the frame. Inside the tank, check the fuel filter. Ignition coil mount on the frame near the engine. The wires connect to the motor and switch according to their color coding. A separate wire is used to connect consumers of electricity. Usually, he feed the Faro bike.
Put drive chain on the engine sprocket and rear wheel. Install chain tensioner and adjust the chain for its tension. Avoid dragging the chain. After finishing work, check the protection circuit.
Before installing the carb to collect it. To do this, remove the cover and lay out all the parts. A needle be placed in the centre of the caliper, and on top put a flat washer with a slot so that the slot coincides with the slot caliper carb. Insert the cable in the Chuck, then thread it through the cap and through the spring.
Before operating, adjust the gap between the spark plug electrodes (0.4-0.5 mm), overtravel of the handle grip (2-3 mm). Make a mixture of gasoline and fully synthetic oil in a separate container and then pour it into the tank. The ratio of gasoline:oil use is 25:1 at the beginning of operation, and 20:1 after the first 500 km. Never fill the gas tank different types of gasoline or petrol in its pure form. Always tightly close the cap of the tank.