Advice 1: How to wash the soil for aquarium

Properly chosen and prepared the ground for the aquariumdepends on the well-being of its inhabitants and the growing in plants. That is why the task of selection and preparation of the soiland is harder than it seems at first glance.
How to wash the soil for aquarium
Instruction
1
The main problem is that most aquarium fish feel well only in soft water. If taken for aquarium soil contains soluble salts of calcium, they will gradually move into the water and increase its rigidity, which will impact negatively on the inhabitants of the aquarium.
2
Therefore, the algorithm to find beautiful soil, washed, pour into the aquarium" is incorrect. Beautiful is not good, so the aquarium can't use coral sand, small rock, marble crumb, no matter how beautiful they look.
3
For aquarium will not fit and fine sand with grains of diameter smaller than 1 mm. Such a soil will be too dense, almost impermeable to water, it will begin the process of decay. In this soile bad feel of the plant, their leaves will be small and faded.
4
Alternatively, in the case of using fine sand in the aquarium, it is necessary to arrange the second plastic bottom with nasverlennye in it small holes. The distance between the bottom of the aquarium and the second bottom is 1-2 cm On the second floor in two layers is placed a fine mesh (not metal!), she poured the sand. From the space under the second bottom pump pumped out the water, thereby ensuring the forced circulation through the soil. Such second bottom is useful for any aquarium.
5
Best choice for aquarium soiland is small, with a diameter from 1 to 5 mm, gravel of quartz or feldspar. Pour it into a bowl, cover with water, drain the supernatant waste. Then rinse, actively stirring, until, until the water will not stay perfectly clean.
6
In that case, if there is a suspected high content of calcium, the soil must be treated with hydrochloric acid Bay for a couple of hours in a plastic basin. Then it should be no less than half an hour wash with running water to remove all traces of acid. To test whether the soile, calcium, splash him with hydrochloric acid or vinegar. If bubbles appear, the soil needs treatment with acid.
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Aquarium ground, thus prepared, will not saturate the water with calcium salts, therefore, its stiffness will be a long time to stay at an optimal level. Sometimes novice aquarists only add water to replace evaporated is wrong, since it leads to a gradual increase in the level of rigidity. It is recommended not to top up weekly, but change is not less than 1/5 of the volume in the tank water.

Advice 2: How to prepare the soil for aquarium

Aquariums - a very popular hobby. Its essence lies in the fact that in an enclosed artificial pond to simulate ekosistemu. Using their knowledge and capabilities, the aquarist creates a wonderful world. Despite the variety of aquariums, they are organized on the same principle: first put the soil, then planted the algae and after the run of fish. Therefore, the first thing after you have purchased your aquarium, do some preparation of the soil.
How to prepare the soil for aquarium
Instruction
1
The main function of the soiland it is a substrate for strengthening the plants. Some aquarists, to facilitate easy cleaning of the aquarium, do not use sand or pebbles, but if you want that the aquarium performed a decorative function, the ground it is better to use. There are living organisms that decompose dead organic matter into useful substances and cleansing the aquarium. In addition, in the soile stored reserves of carbon dioxide that affect the buffering of the water.
2
When selecting the groundand notice that it shall not release into water soluble substances, must not be sharp edges, so as not to hurt the fish and should be permeable to water. Usually, as the soiland use river sand or pebbles. To make sure that the soil is suitable for you, it is quite a splash of vinegar. If after that, on the surface no blisters or foam, so this primer can be used.
3
If you decide not to buy soil at the store and prepare it yourself, go to the nearest Creek or river for large river sand. Be sure to clean the soil from contaminants – sticks, particles, algae, pieces of paper.
4
Take a sieve and sift the sand through it. Everything that takes place in sieve, throw away ruthlessly, still in use in the aquarium it will only pollute the water. Repeat the procedure several times, then proceed to flushing the soil.
5
Thoroughly rinse the soil under warm running water, constantly stirring it. It is necessary that the soil is completely free from fine particles. The better you rinse the sand the faster the water in the aquarium will become transparent and you will be able to settle there fish.
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If desired, soil can be decontaminated. To do this, rinse it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then do not forget to rinse the sand in tap water.
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Now the ground can be used in the aquarium. Place an even layer 4-7 centimeters and begin to create their underwater Kingdom.

Advice 3: How to wash the soil in the aquarium

Aquarium soil is the place where the remnants of uneaten feed and waste products of fish. Without regular cleaning, all it will cause turbidity and odor. There are two main way to clean the soil.
How to wash the soil in the aquarium
You will need
  • water;
  • - large bucket;
  • - sieve;
  • hose;
  • - siphon.
Instruction
1
On the eve of a scheduled cleaning of the aquarium, prepare the water that you pour after the procedure. Fill her a large bucket or pan and leave for 10-12 hours. During this time, the chlorine added at the treatment plants, evaporate, and contaminants and metals settle to the bottom.
2
In case of strong contamination of the soiland get ready for a full cleaning of the aquarium. Catch all the fish and snails, remove plants and decorative items. Drain the water from the tank with a hose into a bucket or sink.
3
Pour into a bucket or basin with running water. Place in a strainer with holes 5-8 mm small quantities of contaminated soiland dip it in water so that the liquid covers the stones on 1-1,5 see then Shake the sieve from side to side, gently mix the soil by hand. Then pour it into any clean container and begin to wash a new batch. Do not try to achieve the perfect cleanliness of the stones, because the particles of humus deposited in them, are sources of power plants in the aquarium.
4
After all the soil is cleaned, wipe the aquarium inside with a sponge, wash the filter. Gently pour the stones back. Fill the tank separated by water, put the plants and decorations. After small suspension settles and the water becomes clear, run snails and fish.
5
In the case of mild contamination of the soiland use the siphon. This device is a cylinder attached to the hose. The mechanism of action is based on the principle of communicating vessels. The siphon can be as industrial production made on their own. This cleaning requires the catching of fish and the release of aquarium water.
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Fill up the siphon with water from the tap, close it with two fingers. Dip one end of the tube into the aquarium, the other in a bucket below. When you remove your fingers, the liquid from the tank will flow into the drainage container. It is not necessary to pour water directly into the sink or tub, because the siphon can get a small fish, snail or plant.
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Immersing the device into the soilyou remove from it the impurities. For cleaning corners and hard to reach places, use a siphon with a narrow triangular tip. Experts advise not to clean the whole ground at once, because it violates the microbiocenosis of the aquarium. They offer to "siphon" about 40% of the stones during one procedure, each time focusing on different areas.
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After cleaning refill the missing amount of liquid from the bucket of water prepared the day before.
Note
Do not use synthetic detergent and do not asprivate stones with boiling water. You will kill the bacteria involved in the life of plants and the maintenance of the microenvironment around the aquarium.

Advice 4: How to clean the soil in the aquarium

The aquarium is not only a decoration, pleasant emotions, beautiful fish and the pleasure of seeing. This object requires a thorough and regular maintenance: replacement of water treatment of fish, cleaning the filter and glass, removal of the lower algae and, of course, cleaning of the soil. The latter, as the most time-consuming process, it is necessary to pay special attention. So, how to properly clean the soil in the aquarium?
How to clean the soil in the aquarium
You will need
  • siphon aquarium,
  • bucket,
  • - water.
Instruction
1
The first few weeks after the purchase of the aquarium to stir up the soil should not be. The water in the aquarium fresh, the inhabitants soon settle in. However, every feeding (and it should be done no more than once per day) should be moderate, that is, fish feed should not remain on the bottom and even manage to fall to the ground.
2
Continue to clean the ground should every month because on the bottom continually drops pieces of uneaten feed and waste products of the inhabitants of the aquarium. If not removed, they can start to rot. In the process of decay the bacteria produce poisonous gas - hydrogen sulfide. "Soured" the ground is very easy to determine: pavaresia his hand and smell to rising bubbles. If there is no smell, all right. If the bubbles smell like sour seaweed, and rotten eggs - urgent sifonte the ground.
3
For cleaning of soil should purchase a special aquarium siphon - wearing hose cylinder-funnel. It is convenient to siphon, that is to clean the soil in any aquarium.
4
The cleaning process of the soil – the same process of replacement of the water. Fish to transplant is not required. Cylinder-to-funnel in the siphon stick and stir up the soil to the ground, raise the grit and pebbles over and pull the accumulated waste. Heavy soil quickly drops back to the bottom, without inhaling the siphon, but the dirt particles go through the tube into the drain. When the water in the tip of the siphon becomes transparent, stick it in a nearby plot of ground. Keep it for a few seconds for every 5 cm of the bottom. Not yet filled with muddy water in the hose drain bucket.
5
Add fresh water to the aquarium. The first few hours after cleaning the water in the aquarium can be a bit muddy. Nothing wrong with that. Be patient, the suspension will settle to the bottom, and the water will take the normal transparent state.
6
To remove all the sediment from the highly contaminated soil, pebbles, you need to fully get out of the tank, previously transplanted fish into another container and pouring all the water. This is a very laborious procedure and resort to it should not more often than once in 6-12 months. If you took out all the soil from the bottom, rinse it under running water, rinse thoroughly, without using any detergents. Several times fill with water and drain it. The soil can fill back into the aquarium.
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