Advice 1: How to determine the rubella

The main symptom of rubella is a red rash on the skin. It appears after an incubation period of the disease, which usually lasts from 12 to 23 days. At this time people are already infected with rubella, but it is asymptomatic.
How to determine the rubella
Instruction
1
Let us carefully consider the skin rash. When she rounded rubella pale pink color, its diameter is from 2 to 5 mm. Starting on the face and neck within a few hours, the rash spreads throughout the body. On the body it manifests itself unevenly on the joints of the hands and feet, back and buttocks she concentrated most on her face a little, and on the palms and feet no. In children 1-3 days after education, it gradually pales and disappears.
2
Measure the temperature. 2-3 days after the rash appears, it can rise to 38 degrees.
3
Examine the occipital bone, behind the ear and zadnesheynyh lymph nodes. Rubella when they are enlarged. Pressing pain occur.
4
Give blood from a vein for analysis. This analysis is rented for 1-3 days after onset of disease and repeated after 7-10 days. The presence of antibodies rubella confirms that person ill with the disease. Each person can recover from measles only once in a lifetime, because after the disease develop a strong lifelong immunity to the disease.
5
Please note that adults carry this disease harder than children. When rubella they usually feel a General malaise, aching joints and muscles, headache. They have a high fever accompanied by severe chills. Also often appears cold, cough with throat pain, lacrimation and photophobia. In adults the rash disappears about 5 days.
Useful advice
Rubella is among the viral diseases that are relatively easily transferred, especially children. But it is very dangerous for pregnant women because it can cause irreparable harm to the future child. The disease causes the development malformation of the fetus, so women planning pregnancy, doctors advise to be tested for the presence of antibodies to rubella and if necessary to vaccinate.

Advice 2: How to identify red throat

Reddened throat can be symptoms of many diseases. Most often it is sore throat, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, or other types of acute respiratory disease, or SARS. To determine what kind of disease a person, sometimes it is enough to compare the nature of the redness of the throat and the degree of manifestation of other signs, such as temperature, runny nose, cough or other. In this case, you need to properly and carefully examine the oral cavity and throat. However, not everyone knows how to do it.
How to identify red throat
You will need
  • medical disposable spatula or spoon with a blunt stalk;
  • - small, narrow flashlight with built-in light (instead of LEDs)
Instruction
1
Ask the patient greatly (as possible) to open your mouth and drawl to pronounce the letter A or just to take a deep breath - in this case, the language will fall randomly, and the sky will rise a reflex. The second method is particularly well suited to check the throat in children, as in this case there is retching.
2
Slightly tongue with a spatula or the handle of his spoon, as if trying to hold him back.
3
Look carefully at the throat. In the depths of the oral cavity, with handles, which limit the entrance to the actual throat, you will see two semi-circular education is tonsils. Behind them is the wall of the pharynx. Depending on their condition, color and size, can determine the disease.
4
Rate the color of the mucous membranes and the presence or absence of plaque or lesions on the tonsils. If the tonsils and posterior pharyngeal wall is red, and if you see the tonsils thin thread-like overlay, it is primarily talking about normal SARS, which requires symptomatic treatment. If you see pus on the tonsils is most likely angina, which is best treated with antibiotics. In the case that at the back of the throat drains mucus or pus, and the wall is not red and the tonsils are normal – treatment of the throat does not make sense, it is necessary to treat the nose.
Note
Itchy throat could indicate a very serious condition that can require hospitalization. So even if you are sure that we are able to make an accurate diagnosis and know how to treat reddened throat, in any case, you should consult a doctor who will confirm or refute your diagnosis, and prescribe the necessary procedures. Never self-medicate!
Useful advice
Inspect the throat of an adult and to assess its condition easier than the child. If you need to examine the oral cavity of the kid, try him with something to distract. Explain to him the importance of this procedure, reassure if necessary. If the child does not allow herself to explore - spinning, cranky, and you did not really saw, you should not make premature conclusions about the state of his health. Try to repeat the procedure later.
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