You will need
- - soil;
- - fertilizers;
- - shovel;
- - watering.
Decide how you are going to grow cucumbers. If we are talking about the Central regions of Russia, they can be grown in the open ground, for the Northern regions necessarily the construction of greenhouses. Also hothouse or greenhouse growing method chosen by those who want to get an early harvest. For greenhouses typical thoroughness: the Foundation and glass railings – removable or permanent. Greenhouses are usually arched structure, covered with plastic wrap.
Prepare the ground. Use crop rotation and do not grow cucumbers for more than 3 years in one place. Such constancy is undesirable due to the leaching from soil of the same nutrients that eventually leads to its exhaustion. Also grow vegetables in one place is undesirable because of the increased risk of diseases.
Proustite seeds seedlings. It is better to take 20-30% more seeds, because the last time used mainly hybrid varieties, and they are not too high germination. To grow cucumbers is in a weak solution of humic fertilizers (you can take "Ideal"). When you see small sprouts, the seeds should be planted in the ground prepared beforehand. Suitable mixture consisting of equal parts of garden soil, compost and rotted manure. Remember that cucumber is one of the few crops that tolerate fresh manure, however, the use of decomposed manure in this case is more preferable. At the stage of 3rd true leaf of cucumber seedlings should be thinned.
In the autumn dig the ground in the garden, in the greenhouse or greenhouse and make the double superphosphate. In the spring, about a week or two before planting, fill the land with organic fertilizers. To plant cucumbers in a permanent place better staggered, trying not to sagomate landing.
Care for cucumbers, the next day watering and rihla soil. In the beginning of budding to feed their infusion of fermented weeds or manure. When the cucumbers bloom, make the glaze only at the root. When grown in closed structures, don't forget to arrange ventilation. It will protect the planting from dangerous diseases such as gray mold.
Fertilize cucumbers at least 3-4 times per season. Before flowering they are responsive liquid feeding with nitrogenous fertilizers. Improve the education of the ovaries fertilizing with potassium nitrate. Increases the duration of the fruiting fertilizing with microelements.
Growing in the greenhouse. (How to grow a good crop of cucumbers.) In these terms it is necessary to plant in the greenhouse is prepared, that is covered by the film for a week. If you manage to successfully transplant the cucumber with a ball of earth and to protect it from frost, an early harvest is provided. In fact, from the beginning of may it is better to be on the station to air or, conversely, to insulate the greenhouse.
Optimum planting cucumbers in the mesh 70x60 cm this will achieve a doubling of the harvest, because plants don't have to share a place under the sun and experience the lack of nutrients. How to grow a good crop of cucumbers in the greenhouse? If you have a heated greenhouse, you can plant cucumbers hybrids "Paramon", "Unique", "hazel", "Mountaineer" or "Temp", which will provide you an early and happy harvest.
Advice 2 : Raise the yield of cucumbers
During the summer season many people, and almost all have plot, worried about their crops. There are several tips on how to increase the yield of cucumbers in their own garden.
The top layer of soil should be loosened after each watering or rain. Tillage should begin as soon as the soil dries out a bit, but it is necessary to loosen shallowly, the roots of cucumbers are close to the soil surface.
After deployment of the third true leaf cucumbers need a little Spud. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage located at the top of the roots. Such an operation promotes rapid absorption of water, otherwise the stem will rot. This is especially important in the constant rain.
Cucumbers should pinch back once formulated the fifth true leaf. Pinched to do, using a sharp knife, and in any case not to tear off hands.
On the beds with cucumbers you can plant kohlrabi and lettuce salad, which will contribute to a better fruiting.
In cloudy weather it is better to remove with watering grid and to water jet the soil at the base of the stems. Need to water warm water.
Cucumbers in any case not cut off, they can only accurately cut.