Advice 1: How to charge a completely discharged battery

If a completely discharged automotive battery, determine its capacity, connect it to a charger and charge a small current, which is calculated depending on capacity. To charge a fully discharged battery of a mobile phone or player more complicated - it will require a few options.
How to charge a completely discharged battery
You will need
  • charger, power supply.
Instruction
1
Charging a car batteryif battery of car is completely dead, don't try immediately to start it, "potkuri" from the charger or the batteryand the other car. Not to spoil the battery, immediately remove it, enter the room and try to charge. When charging of the supply current is not more than 10% of the capacity of the battery. For example, if the battery has a capacity of 55 ampere-hours, serve on him a current of 5.5 amps and charge it for 10 hours. When charging, remove the cover batteryand and ensure he is not overheated and is boiling. In this case, the battery can permanently malfunction.
2
If the battery is sealed and requires no maintenance, so the charging set is even more weak current is 2.5% of the capacity of the battery. For a 55 ampere-hour batteryand this current will be 1,375 a, And the charging time will be 40 hours. If possible, use the charger with the regime "falling exercise" that reduces the current as charging the batteryand not allowing it to overheat.
3
Some chargers have a quick charge function. It can be used only as a last resort, as it significantly reduces the life of the battery.
4
Charging batteryand mobile phone or pluralities batterys used in these devices, when the power is blocked by the special controllers, therefore it is considered that charge. But worth a try. First of all, put the device on charge for a few hours. If does not help – remove the battery and give him the voltage from the power supply, but not above 4.2 volts. In an hour set back. If the charge has not appeared – way controller battery and apply AC power, beating him. The battery will start charging, but it may explode, so be very careful.

Advice 2 : How to charge the player

Still any 10 years ago the media player was, if not luxury, but definitely a gimmick in the hands of a young man. But with the development of multimedia technologies, this gadget has become very popular. And ways to charge it quite a lot.
For iPods with a battery there are 3 charging capability
You will need
  • -Rechargeable battery type AA/AAA;
  • -USB cable is included with some players;
  • -The charger is included with some players.
Instruction
1
We need to understand the type of power player. Today 2:
1) battery/battery type AA/AAA.

2) powered by built-in battery.
In the first case we have a player, with the rear part has a connector where you can insert the usual "finger" or "mizintseva a battery (AA or AAA, respectively). A regular battery charge is strictly forbidden, because it threatens her course and the loss of useful properties, such as the time of holding the charge. For players it is recommended not use AA batteries or AAA batteries, and batteries of the same size.
In the second case, player curb is not recoverable battery that has more life than the battery, but if the holding time charge will be very low, to avoid the service center will be impossible.
2
How to load a particular type of player?

For iPods with a battery there are 3 charging capabilities:
1) directly Charge the player with an inserted battery from the computer USB port

2) the battery outside the player from a third-party charger.

3) Charge inserted batteries into the player from the USB AC adaptor.
The first two methods are the most popular because the output current from the USB port of the computer does not exceed 600 mA, which allows you to safely charge the battery and third party charger you can take always with you and insert into the socket at any time, the velocity of the charge in the second case will be higher. The third way is risky and this is because what the output amperage is calculated a particular adapter. On average, this indicator ranges from 400 mA to 1200 mA. In the first case, charging will be extremely slow, in the second charging pass quickly, but using the player to shrink considerably. For iPods with built-in battery are possible only the first and third methods of battery charge.
Useful advice
In order to increase the service life of rechargeable battery AA/AAA grade, it is worth to keep in a cold place at that time, as the player is not in use, and always wait for the complete discharge of the battery, and then the maximum state of charge.

Advice 3 : How to charge phone battery

Without a mobile phone it is difficult to imagine life. The average person makes and receives several phone calls a day. And what if at the crucial moment sat down battery, or a lovely cat chewed through the charger cable? Or, for example, in the mobile phone faulty socket charger? For such situations there are outputs.
Instruction
1
If you have a faulty charger. In this case, you can charge the phone via USB cable to computer, some models support this function. If not, you can help car charger that works from cigarette lighter. If it is not on hand, or don't have a car – you can use the universal charger of the type "frog". It will help even if your phone has a broken charging Jack. In order to use it, you need to pull out battery of mobile phone and according to the instructions, set it to "frog".
2
If the charge were in the way, and you are waiting for a call. In this case, you can resort to the extreme method, and try to charge the battery of the phone with usual batteries. For this you will need 4 AA batteries, or one voltage at least 5 Volts. The easiest way to consistently connect the battery, pull the battery from the phone and using two wires, connect the "plus" and "minus" of the battery, respectively, with "plus" and "minus" of the battery. A more sophisticated way: in a chain to "plus" batteries add a resistor of 2 ohms. And instead of plain wire, use the plug from the charging of your mobile phone. In this case, an improvised charge is inserted directly into the socket of the mobile phone.
3
If the phone you need to literally animate for a single call, in this case, you can help one experimental method. According to some, it works on certain models of Nokia and Sony Ericcson. Slightly increase the working time of the batteryand, by dialing #3370# or *4720# on your mobile phone.
Note
Polarity.
Do not connect the battery directly to the network in 220V!
Do not use for charging a voltage of more than 12V!

Advice 4 : How to charge a completely discharged battery

Lowering the temperature of the ambient air or improper operation of vehicle can affect the charge of the battery of the car. But completely dead "car battery to charge correctly.
How to charge a completely discharged battery
Instruction
1
After removing the terminals and retrieve the battery from the car, wipe it with a damp cloth, clearing away the acid salts. Charging a car battery produce in a room with good ventilation. This will help avoid poisoning by toxic vapors.
2
Unscrew the caps and clean the exhaust valve. This will help to protect the battery from bursting open in case it is boiling. Connect the positive and negative terminals of the charger to the same battery terminals. Incorrect polarity may cause the battery to full unfitness.
3
Charging the battery produce with a fixed amount of current, which should be about one-tenth of its nominal capacity. So, for example, charging a battery with a capacity of 60 Ah, set the amperage charger 6A. To ensure control over the maintenance of the current should follow the indications of the ammeter available on the device and, if necessary, to modify it. When charging the battery with high degree of wear, the charging current should be lower.
4
When the terminal voltage of the battery will reach 14 In, decrease two times the charge current. With this voltage, continue charging until the beginning of the gassing. During charging, battery maintenance, it is recommended to re-cut two of the current strength and continue the process.
5
The battery is considered fully charged if its charge remains unchanged for one to two hours. In the not accepted types of devices, this charge level is achieved at a voltage of about 16.3 to 16.4 V. the figure can be different and depends on the alloy plates of the battery and the purity of the electrolyte.
6
Do not charge the battery after the start of active gassing with plates (boiling), as this will not give a positive effect and leads to decomposition of the electrolyte.

Advice 5 : How to charge your battery without the phone

Very convenient to have two of the same battery for your phone. Until one of them charged, others you can use, and then swap them, and so on. But this requires a device that allows you to charge without the phone.
How to charge your battery without the phone
Instruction
1
In any case, do not use for charging phones IED. The only exceptions are very old vehicles, which use Nickel-metal hydride battery. Lithium in such batteries not included neither in the metallic nor in the associated form.
2
Buy a special device designed for charging batteries outside of the phone. It is equipped with the clamping device, which, in turn, has two movable electrode. Each of the electrodes has two flat springs which can be connected to the battery terminals regardless of where they are located - on the end or face.
3
Simultaneously with the purchase of universal chargers show the seller your phone and ask him to pick up the camera a second battery similar to the one it already has.
4
Insert the battery off the charger. Push it to the contacts designated as "-" and "+" spring-loaded electrodes. If the markings on the contacts is not, press the electrodes to the extreme terminals, ignoring the in between. The led should go on. If this happens, change the position of buttons. If thus to make the LEDs failed prepromote other combinations of pairs of contacts and switch positions with detent.
5
Having the LEDs, make note of the used configuration. Then turn on the unit along with the battery, trying not to move her. Will blink the second led. Continue charging until until it stops flashing. Then disconnect the device from the mains and remove the battery.
6
On the phone, close all running applications. Turn off the power. If connected to a regular charger, disconnect it. Remove the phone cover and remove the battery. Instead, install a different, charged. Close the lid and turn on the machine. If necessary, reinstall the testimony of its system clock. If you want, enable it to eliminate the need in this operation, the function of the NITZ. The extracted battery charge as described above. Further, charge and use them in turn.
Note
Do not short-circuit batteries. Worn out batteries do not dispose of, and deal in special points of reception.

Advice 6 : How to charge a car battery

Automotive rechargeable battery (hereinafter, battery) — auxiliary source of energy for cars and trucks, motorcycles, and electrical engineering. Currently, for passenger cars use a battery voltage of 12 volt lead-acid type. If the battery can not provide the engine start-up, it needs to be charged.
How to charge a car battery
You will need
  • - AKB;
  • charging-starting device;
  • - wrenches or sockets (10mm for the battery terminal, the other dimensions — for fixing battery);
  • - a metal file or sandpaper, and a voltmeter or tester would be an advantage;
  • - served for battery may need a hydrometer and distilled water.
Instruction
1
Turn the ignition off and disconnect all electrical equipment. With the help of wrench or sockets 10mm loosen the negative first, then positive terminal on the battery electrode.
2
Depending on the car model the battery can be fixed on top, bottom, or not attached at all. Identifying the type of fastening of the battery, loosen the bolts holding the mounting bracket. Loosen and remove the battery. Carry it carefully, without turning, to prevent leakage of electrolyte.
3
Select a suitable location for charging the battery. Charger (memory) or battery must be on level solid surface. It is desirable that the room was ventilated and inaccessible to children. Charging should occur away from open flame. Close rechargeable battery no Smoking, and no spark. Wipe the battery clean of dirt. Inspect the lead electrodes in the presence of oxidation gently clean them with a file or sandpaper until the surface is shiny and bright for best conductivity.
4
If the battery is serviceable, remove the bar from the top and carefully remove the six plugs underneath. Measure the electrolyte level. Add distilled water to the desired level (1-1,5 cm above the lead plates). If the charger instruction throughout follow its instructions. Connect the terminals of the charger to the electrodes of the battery, strictly observing polarity. Depending on the memory model you may need to set the voltage toggle switch in the on position 12V and 24V, in accordance with the battery voltage.
5
Turn on plug the device into the socket. If there is a rheostat to vary the power current, install it in such a position that the ammeter showed a current equal to one tenth of battery capacity (e.g., for battery of the car VAZ 55A/h need charge current of 5.5 A). As the battery is charging, the current will weaken. Try to check this figure every two hours and, if necessary, increase the current using the rheostat. Model memory with automatic switch will stop charging when the desired voltage.
6
To determine the degree of battery charge, you can use the following methods. Measure the voltage with a voltmeter (tester). The accepted battery you can measure the electrolyte density with a hydrometer. Grounds for termination of the charging can be 12-16 volts voltage or electrolyte density of 1.25-1.3 kg/l. With open jams of the sections of the battery can start the release of gas and "boiling" (a characteristic gurgling) of the electrolyte is also a signal of readiness of the battery.
7
When charging ends, unplug the charger, remove the terminals from the battery electrode, assemble its parts and, if necessary, reinstall.
Note
The drop of battery voltage can be caused by prolonged inactivity of the car, low air temperature, age of the battery, a ground of the electric circuit of the car, lack of electrolytes and other reasons.
When removing the terminals from the electrode long key please use caution when dismantling one terminal to touch the other, a short circuit occurs.

Electrolyte — a mixture of sulfuric acid and water is particularly aggressive and toxic liquid. Avoid spilling electrolyte on the skin. In case of contact with eyes immediately rinse thoroughly with water.
Useful advice
If the polarity symbols AKB indistinguishable (dirty wiped) note that the positive electrode always more negative in a diameter of about 2 mm.
You can conduct a "preventive" recharging the car battery once a year (e.g. in early winter when the first frost) on low current — 0.1, 0,025-0,05 the capacity of the battery.

Advice 7 : How fast to charge the phone

Charge the phone at home, work today is not difficult. Even if you don't have a charger, or it is for some reason corrupted, you can use the universal battery charger ("frog") or "folk ways".
How fast to charge the phone
Instruction
1
Probably the fastest way to charge the phone is to use a universal charger. Insert the battery in the "frog", observing proper battery polarity. After that red light would be flashing, indicating that you did the right thing. If the display does not work, check correct position of the battery or connect to power the device and wait a few minutes, then unplug it from the wall and insert the battery again. The led should work.
2
Reconnect the "frog" to the power supply and leave for a couple of hours. All this time about the process of charging the phone battery will indicate a flashing green indicator. Once it stops flashing, the battery is fully charged. However, remember that frogs don't have a controller that is equipped with all modern phones. This means that the abuse of this way of charging will inevitably lead to a decrease in battery capacity.
3
If there is a computer or any other device with USB output, can charge the phone using the USB cord that must be connected to the USB connector and the phone. This kind of charging several times faster than the usual network.
4
Is that no auxiliary means is not at hand. Try removing the battery and tap it or shake it. Just do not need to exert much effort in order to avoid damage to the battery. You can then switch on the phone. Of course, this charge you will not last long, but to make one important phone call or write a message.
5
Warm the battery in hand, all the time rubbing it. If you shuffle the battery of the phone on your jeans or tights, you will create static electricity which will allow to charge the battery of your phone for a certain period of time.
6
If time allows, disconnect the phone, remove the battery and leave it for 10-15 minutes. Recharging will not occur, but the reserve capacity that the battery always has, will be activated and you will be able to turn on the phone for a while.

Advice 8 : How to charge the battery of a new phone

Proper charging just bought the phone is able to extend the life of the device. Perform at the beginning of the use of the so-called crackdown new batteryand you will get the most effective device.
How to charge the battery of a new phone
You will need
  • charger;
  • - battery;
  • phone.
Instruction
1
Read the manual of your phone. Special attention should be paid to the sections on the battery pack and methods of charging. A lot depends on the phone model and the battery type. For example, well-known acceleration method of a battery that is well suited for power supplies Nickel-metal hydride type (NiMH). For charging a new lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery, it should be corrected.
2
To start fully discharge your new phone. Make it faster just by talking on it, playing with mobile toys, listening to music on it, using a camera or 3G Internet. Screen brightness make as much as possible, but focus primarily on the comfort of eyes. If you are the owner of a new smartphone, take advantage of this moment to study his features or download your required applications. The phone should begin to signal low battery and need to connect to the network. Some more work on it, avoiding disconnection. In most modern phones there is a charge state display battery percentage, you can focus on it.
3
Connect the charger cable to the phone and the "charger" switch on the AC network. To charge use the original charger, designed and manufactured specifically for your model phone. During charging, do not use the phone, and better to completely turn it off (try to follow this rule at least during the first three or four charge cycles). Charge the battery until the phone will signal about the end.
4
Disconnect the charger from the mains and disconnect it from the phone. You can continue charging for a short time, if your phone has Li-ion battery. In the case of Nickel-metal battery, leave the phone on charge for the next 12 hours or even a day, not paying attention to his signals. Can schedule charging so that it came at night.
5
Repeat the cycle of "discharge-charge" 3-4 times. In other words, three fully discharge the phone and then charge depending on the battery type. This procedure can be compared to training in which the battery goes into its operating power. Then use the phone for conventional scheme for you and enjoy the really long term of Autonomous operation.
Note
Try to observe the temperature regime specified in the data sheet. A long presence of the phone in the cold hurting the battery. Also do not forget the phone in the car in the summer heat.
Useful advice
Charging from AC is preferable charging from the USB port of the computer or laptop. Charger due to the precisely matched current does not harm the battery and makes charging faster.

Advice 9 : What to do if the vehicle battery is completely dead?

In the car, every detail has its importance and plays a specific role. And whatever is said, it is not the main mechanisms and secondary. With the discharged battery, for example, transport in General, will not submit signs of life."
The average time of full charging of the battery is 15 hours

Battery



The battery is primarily required to operate the vehicle's starter motor and, accordingly, the engine start-up. In addition, it is designed to provide electrical energy for various automotive customers at the idle motor. In turn when the engine is running the alternator charges the battery.

The reasons for the discharge



Everything seems to banal is simple, but many factors contribute to the discharging of the battery and on some of them, many motorists simply do not pay enough attention. But even if the motor is idling, long enabled consumers energy and adversely affect its charge. In this case, this can be attributed to auto connect to other consumers not covered by the standard package and the circuit in the mains.

The quality of the battery is also affected by the faulty electrical equipment, which decreases the charging voltage from the generator, long-term Parking is connected with the negative terminal (ten days).

Types of batteries



If the battery is low order "reanimation" of action will be slightly different depending on which type is installed on the car. Batteries are divided into serviceable, low-maintenance and maintenance-free. The first option is extremely rare, so we will not focus on it. Low maintenance, batteries require periodic topping up of distilled water, and maintenance-free designed so that water flow in them is reduced to a minimum and they don't have special holes for such an operation.

Check the voltage at the terminals of the battery



The only thing that allowed the original to do with any type of battery is to test the voltage loading plug, a multimeter or voltmeter. The voltage at the terminals of the battery with a full charge should be 12,6-12,9 V. Smaller figures indicate the discharge.

Check electrolyte level and density



In the presence of maloorlivka battery car owner should check the electrolyte level, density and if necessary add distilled water.

What is an electrolyte? It is a mixture of sulfuric acid and distilled water. The process of water evaporation cannot be prevented, and this happens most intensely in the hot summer weather. On some types of batteries have labels for the minimum and maximum, but if there are no reference points, you should check that the electrolyte completely covers the plates of the battery. In addition, it reduced the density often indicates the discharging of the battery.

To check the density of electrolyte must be such a simple tool like a hydrometer. It is a glass flask with pear and float. Density is checked in all banks of batteries, then make the appropriate conclusions. Normal readings should be from 1.25 to 1.29 g/cm3. To increase the density of the electrolyte is added only distilled water.

Some batteries have special charging indicator, it gives readings just on the basis of the density of the electrolyte, which simplifies the task. If it's green then charging is not required, black – low battery, white – unloaded or inoperable.

Charging the battery



The results of all the performed operations, it is possible to proceed to the immediate charging of the battery. This will require a special charger. As a rule, it is not difficult to use and completely automatic. Only not to forget to take a number of measures to correct the charging. Namely, to remove the terminals and to open the neck.

The first connects the plus terminal of the charger, then the negative. And only after that the device included in the network. When charging is complete, disconnect in the reverse order.

Remember that when charging the battery stands out a combustible mixture of oxygen and hydrogen, so in any case it is impossible to place the battery near sources of fire. The room must be well ventilated.

With maintenance-free batteries, the situation is somewhat different. They are technologically different from the slightly-maintenanced not only those that do not have fillers, but also the internal device. Some, like low-functioning due to liquid electrolyte, in some it is contained in non-woven polypropylene, and in the other it is mixed with powder of silicon oxide and is a gel.

Charge maintenance-free batteries should be with great care, strictly following the instructions. If possible, the charger current can be set in the range of 10 % of the capacity in Ah. At full battery power is better to use only 1.5-2 A, since a rapid release of gases is fraught with serious consequences.

Advice 10 : How to charge AA batteries

AA batteries are charged with the assist of some devices in which they are typically used (phones, cameras, and so on), and by means of a standalone network chargers, which are easy enough to find on sale. Please note that this refers to an battery to almost any format.
How to charge AA batteries
You will need
  • - AC charger.
Instruction
1
Purchase charger for AA batteries. You can find them at the point of sale of radio engineering, household appliances stores and points of sales of mobile phones. They are also available for purchase on the market, but be careful not to take a risk, purchase only high quality chargers. Also pay attention to the material from which made szu.
2
Install AA batteries in your charger, while mandatory in the correct orientation. Do not use the charger to not fit in with the size of the batteries. Wait for full charge batteries, it may take a certain period of time (about 10 hours depending on the capacity and number of batteries).
3
Periodically pay attention to the charge indicator, usually they are red and green. This means most often that the battery is fully charged and ready to use, red, Vice versa.
4
If you have a mains charger for a camera that uses AA batteries, install them in the battery compartment, observing correct polarity, then connect to the device network cable. Please note that in this case, charging may take a little longer time than when using a separate device.
5
When you first charge these batteries pre-discharge them completely, then put to charge all night. After full charge leave in another 2-3 hours, then fully discharge and recharge them. Thus their capacity will be fully used. Please note that it is typical for other batteries. If the first few times they were not fully discharged and charged, the most likely battery to be missed for a while.
Useful advice
Do not place the AC charger in the socket without batteries.
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