To understand the theory and to choose the desired techniserve to facilitate memorization of the material, called a mnemonic. Their main trick is the creation of associative relationships, when abstract information is packaged into a vivid picture, sound or even smell. There are several mnemonic techniques. For example, you can write a story from the elements of memorized information, look for consonant words (rubidium - switch, cesium - Julius Caesar), to include spatial imagination, or simply to rhyme the elements of the periodic table.
Ballad of asterimova the elements of the periodic table better with the meaning, according to certain criteria: valence, for example. Thus, alkali metals are very easy to rhyme and sound like song: "Lithium, potassium, sodium, rubidium, cesium France". "Magnesium, calcium, zinc and barium - their valence equal to the pair" - the classics never get old-school folklore. On the same theme: "Sodium, potassium, silver, univalent good" and "Sodium, potassium and Argentum — forever monovalent". Creativity in contrast to cramming, which is enough high for a couple of days, stimulates long-term memory. And so more tales about aluminium, poems about nitrogen and songs about valence and memory go like clockwork.
Acid thrillers facilitate memorization come up with a story in which the elements of the periodic table transformed into heroes, landscape details or story elements. For example, a well-known text: "Aziat (Nitrogen) was pouring (Lithium) water (Hydrogen)in the pine forest (Bor). But he (Neon) we needed, and Magnolia (Magnesium)". It is possible to add story of Ferrari (iron - ferrum), which drove the secret agent "Chlorine zero seventeen" (17 - ordinal chlorine) to catch a serial killer Arseniy (arsenic - Arsenicum), who had 33 teeth (33 - serial number of arsenic), but suddenly something sour hit him in the mouth (oxygen), it was eight poisoned bullets (8 - ordinal position of the oxygen)... can Continue indefinitely. By the way, the novel, written explanation of the periodic table, you can attach the teacher of literature as an experimental text. She will surely enjoy.
To build a Palace, plateto one of the names is quite an effective technique of memorizing, when you turn on spatial thinking. The secret is that we all can easily describe their room or the path from home to shop, school, University. In order to remember the sequence of items you need to place them on the road (or in the room), and to represent each element very clearly, visibly, perceptibly. Here the hydrogen - skinny blond with a long face. Hard worker who lays tile - silicon. A group of aristocrats in an expensive car - inert gases. And, of course, the seller balloons - helium.
No need to force yourself to remember the information on the cards. It is best to associate each element with a certain vivid way. Silicon - Silicon valley. Lithium - lithium batteries in the mobile phone. Options can be set. But the combination of the visual image, the mechanical memory, the tactile sensation of the rough, or, conversely, a smooth glossy cards will help you to easily pick up the smallest details from the depths of memory.
You can draw the same cards with information about elements, as was at one time in Mendeleev, but only to Supplement them with modern information: number of electrons on the outer level, for example. All you have to do is put them to sleep.