Advice 1: How to photograph on film

Photographing on film – today it fascinates an increasing number of people. Not so long ago almost the whole world switched to figure, the film also predicted the almost complete extinction, except for purely professional use, but this practice shows the opposite – a lot of people are looking for in the attic of the old film cameras or buying new and starting to take photos.
How to photograph on film
You will need
  • Film
  • The camera
In order to remove the film, you'll need a camera. The easiest variant is to find quality and the working chamber of the house or to ask friends, as many survived Soviet cameras. It is a reliable device, provided the remaining health they allow you to take pictures of excellent quality. For beginners Amateur photographers a good and inexpensive choice would be a Zenith TTL (metering facilitates the configuration of the camera and allows to obtain high-quality images even for those who know almost nothing about how you need to take pictures).
A good option is to buy a new camera. Here the choice is huge – from simple Chinese cameras, which are still sold in camera shops to professional film SLRs.
Film is different in size and type. The most popular film of size 135, for the vast majority of cameras. It has a perforation, through which is fixed in the camera. One size – 120, this widescreen film without perforations, it is used for professional cameras.
Another method for classification of film by type. The most common color negative film, which is manifested in the C41 process. It is sold in every camera shop, but the other types get more difficult. Black-and-white negative film, whereby the process D76 – it was removed in the past, when color film did not exist. Showed her own, and the pictures print too often at home. Another type of film – slide. It is a color positive film, the development process E6. It is used by professionals as it is more demanding to the exposure settings, but the color is much more bright and saturated.
If you are just starting to shoot on film, then buy a colored negative. Very good colors gives Fujicolor Superia 400 or Kodak ProPhoto 100. 400 and 100 is the sensitivity of film to light ISO. 400 ISO is better to take for shooting indoors or in cloudy weather. 100 ISO for a Sunny day.
So, you have a camera and box of film. Carefully read the instructions for your camera to properly fill it. Also, there is described a shutter speed and aperture setting if they are provided. Camera tucked, with the settings figured out – you can take pictures!
After the film is shot, it needs to go in the darkroom and hand over the footage. Then you can either print your favorite photo, or scan the film.
Useful advice
Many modern Amateurs are not afraid to experiment with film, which fortunately provides many opportunities. Multiple exposure shooting on the same film 2 or more times, cross-process film development for non-native for her method, there are other ways to get interesting shots. Don't be afraid to try, maybe you will find something that hasn't occurred to anyone up to you!

There is a whole niche lomographische cameras that give certain effects, e.g. fisheye, colored flash, shooting panoramas, capture the frame of the perforation – these cameras can be bought in specialty stores or online. Today movement I swept the whole world, millions of people are returning to the film, admiring the striking and unusual photos of lomographs.

Advice 2 : How to put film in Zenit

The camera is designed to capture color or black-and-white film. Films, usually packaged in a cassette. In order to place the film in the apparatus, it is necessary to open the case back. In the resulting niche to place the film cartridge and to fix it. Scroll multiple frames, you can start shooting.
How to put film in Zenit
Expand the camera rear wall to itself. Gently press the back cover to turn it to the frame. The latch is pull up. Now open the lid.
Remove the tape from cardboard boxes. Make sure that it is in a magazine. Find rewind in the niche for the film and pull her head up. For this fold the lever. In the slot, insert the film cartridge. Lower the head all the way down. The arm will fold back.
Take the filling end which protrudes from the cassette and gently pull it out. If the end defies the film is wound poorly. If everything is in order - pull the end to the edge of the camera. It must be inserted in the groove of the spool - rotating parts at the edge of the nest camera. On the edge of the film are perforations. Make sure that the tooth measuring roller included in these holes. When this happens, manually scroll a little coil. Grip index finger and thumb for her is loose or protruding and turn clockwise. Close the rear cover of the machine.
Find the lever for cocking the shutter. He moves away from the drive frame counter. Turn the lever until it stops in order to cock the shutter. Press the starter button located on the shaft reference frame. When to cock the shutter, the film is advanced one frame. You want to move it to the frame window, only unexposed film, therefore, should be three to cock and lower the shutter.
Find the levels on the limb of the frame counter. Set the value to "On" against the index. Immediately set the value of the film sensitivity. For this speed setting dial and rotate to align with the index located on the camera shield. When there will be a distinct commit, will stop rotating. On this drive located the risks. They help to set intermediate values of film speed, according to the special comparative table.
Comparison Table
If you got a tape with poor wound film, while the shutter will rotate the rewind knob.
Useful advice
The installation of the frame counter produce only with the cocked shutter.

Advice 3 : How to learn to photograph lightning?

To decide on shooting lightning not a photographer. To photograph element at the peak of activity, providing a shelter and properly configuring the camera, is quite difficult, but the result will definitely impress everyone with its spectacle and scale.
how to photograph lightning

Before you decide to photograph lightning, it is worth remembering that its temperature is greater than the sun 5 times and can reach a length of 40 km. Therefore, without shelter and sound settings, equipment is necessary. Such pictures always attracted attention and still astonishing, capturing the power of natural elements, which eludes the modern human.

To fix the lightning on the photo properly exposed shutter speed, aperture and sensitivity.


Show everyone the dangerous beauty of the storm happens when you configure extract for a period of 10 seconds. During this period of time the camera will shoot everything that will happen in the sky. The longer the exposure, the higher the chance to capture a unique phenomenon on film. If your camera has the BULB mode, together with the trigger lock can significantly simplify the hunt for lightning. In the daytime to increase exposure happens by using neutral grey filters, including a polarizer and ND. With a very large exposure matrix may overheat and start to make noise and the picture will turn out overexposed.


In the daytime the aperture to expose 11-16, at dusk and at night it should be open for the normal exposure.


Day to fix a zipper will help minimal ISO, but in the dark it is best to raise this figure, but not above 400 or the amount of noise will increase dramatically.


At night most often use manual focus mode to infinity. To focus on the front part of the image you should use a flashlight and focus on the light. Do not forget LiveView, which magnifies objects and makes focusing easier on them.

To do beautiful photos of storms and lightning will not work without certain factors of luck. Among them important role play the shooting time, place and weather conditions. To achieve the best composition will allow proper use of the area around the raging elements. It is sufficient to find the road stretching into the distance, the smooth surface of the river reflecting the sky, the lonely tree or the picturesque buildings and include them in the plot of the photography. In cloudy weather, fluorescent lightning will be hard to see if not focus on the cloud. Night time photo of the element can be less effective because of the monotony, but at the time of the sunset photos will be the most colorful and interesting. If the storm is not intense and 30 seconds is not more than 2 lightning strikes, shooting it is better to postpone for another time.

What accessories need hunters for lightning?

  • Choose aluminum tripod with hook for installation of the weighting, which will save equipment from wind gusts. For greater stability it is better to use a tripod without a Central rod on the tripod.
  • Indispensable when shooting lightning will be a cable release or a more expensive option is a remote control with a timer.
  • In the Arsenal of the hunter of lightning must be different filters.
  • To save the camera from excessive humidity will help raincover. The photographer also should ease the wait of the frame and to dress appropriately for the weather.
  • When shooting at night, a flashlight will help to focus and highlight the scenic objects for the foreground.
  • To protect the lens from splashes to help a protective hood, and with traces of drops will effectively manage a microfiber cloth.
  • During long exposures the battery runs down quickly, so it is better to have extra batteries.

Due to the fact that the lightning can appear in any place, many wonder about how to learn how to photograph the elements correctly. For shooting it is better to find a place where in addition to the sky, you can capture different perspective views to a thunderstorm. This will make the frame more effective and will reflect the true extent of the disaster.

Do not forget about personal safety in the first place is to find shelter for themselves. Since metal tripod, exhibited in open space, it becomes an excellent target for lightning. It is also recommended to switch off your mobile phone and all devices that can transmit signals.

Is the advice useful?