# Advice 1: How to know how old land turtle

Turtles are one of the most amazing animals on which almost timeless. Experts say that over the last 200 million years turtleshave not changed, neither externally nor by its way of life. Many people are fond of growing tortoises in homes as Pets. Special care these slow-moving creatures are not require and their life expectancy can be a tenyearsOia.
Instruction
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The turtles are the real long-livers of the animal world. Many of them live up to 150 years and even longer. Do you know how many years your household pet? In fact, to accurately determine the age of tortoises is almost impossible, but the approximate number of years you can determine by using the following advice from experienced breeders.
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The age of a turtle can be determined by the size of her carapace. The turtle continues to grow throughout life, her carapace becomes longer, as well as significantly changing shape. In turtles in age there are more long claws and a long tail. If you have brought the Central Asian land tortoise, the ratio of the age and length she's next. Newborn turtle reaches a length of from 3 to 3.5 inches and weighs about 10-12 grams. At the age of one year, the turtle reaches a length of 4.5-5 inches and weighs 25-35 g. In 2 years the turtle reaches a 5.5-6 cm and weight in 48-65 grams in 3 years - 7,5-9 cm and weight 95, stops 150 g,in 10 years- a length of 15 cm and a weight of 150 g. the growth Rate of turtles in the home depends on the size of the terrarium, forage quality, special additives and other factors.
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The second method of determining the age of a turtle is counting the rings on the top shell ( in the scientific language it is called a carapace). Select one of the scales on the carapace and count how many it has rings and grooves. For a more accurate determination of age you can count the number of striations at several scales and then find the arithmetic mean. In one year the turtles are formed by the grooves 2-3 depending on feeding and lifestyle. Young turtles rings grow much faster than animals at the age. In addition, the number of rings depends on how often does a turtle goes into hibernation. In older turtles, the carapace becomes smoother, and the rings gradually fade.

# Advice 2: How to determine the age of tortoises

Many modern people choose as Pets are not cats or fluffy faithful dogs and not even the colourful parrots, but most of these tortoises. With proper and careful care of these extraordinary reptiles can live at home under 50. Most often, land turtles fall into the caring hands of their owners as adults. Therefore, not every owner of a reptile can say with certainty how old it pet. In fact, to determine the age of a land turtle is not so difficult.
Instruction
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To find out the age of a turtle from its weight and size. Usually born turtles growth of 30-34 mm and a weight of 10-12 g. the year of living tortoises grow to 48-52 mm, and weight them by this time ranges from 25 to 35 In two years, the reptile reaches a size 56-60 mm and weighs around 48-65, a three-year Growth of tortoises 75-90 mm, weight 95, stops 150 G. ten years of life the turtle grows right up to 13-16 cm Despite the fact that the young tortoises grow quite quickly, when the length of the carapace is 18 cm, their growth is much slower and often stops altogether. Although in nature there are species that reach 25-28 cm in length. By the way, adult females usually larger than males by 2-3cm.
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Owners of tortoises must also be aware that their Pets depend directly on the conditions of detention, the spaciousness of the cage, diet, frequency of feeding and adding to the feed of calcium.
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To determine the age of tortoises and in the number of rings on its shell. They usually appear already at the early age of reptiles, when she isn't. During this period, and is the most active growth of the tortoises. For the year on the same scale shell formed by 2-3 rings. Thus, the older the tortoise the more smooth it becomes a shell. Annual rings at the same fade and become less bright.
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To determine the age of the land turtles, more precisely, it is possible to count annual rings on several scales of the carapace, and then find their mean value.
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But this method of determining the age of tortoises can't be considered 100% correct. Because the number of rings on the scales of the carapace, amazing reptiles also depends on the conditions of detention and the number of its spaces, and forage quality.

# Advice 3: How many years living of the land turtle

Land turtle is quite popular among Russian pet owners view Pets, which until now is still considered rather exotic. In our country, common only a few species of turtles, so only a few animal lovers know that worldwide there are about 40 species with different life expectancy.

## What kinds of turtles live on the Land

This separation exists on our planet tortoises mostly consistent with the geographical origin:
American turtles (coal, Argentine, wood and ivory), which have the length of the carapace from 25 to 122 inches and inhabit the territory of South America and the Galapagos Islands;
Asian (brown and depressed) with the length of the carapace in 30-60 cm. They live in the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia;
- tortoises (star-shaped, leopard, African spurred, Burmese), which have a shell distance of 25-70 centimeters and live in the steppe regions of Africa and South Asia;
Indian (yellow-headed Indian, Indian and telebista) with carapace length of up to 30 centimeters and habitat – South and South-East Asia;
- a giant with a length of carapace up to 120 centimeters;
the gophers (gophers of the Western desert, the Texas gophers, Mexican gophers, gophers-polygamy). The maximum length of their carapace – 40 inches, and habitat – United States and Mexico;
- Pleskodale turtles;
- elastic with the length of the carapace in adults 15-18 inches and dissemination in Kenya and Tanzania.
the spider (the spider and ploskovaty) endemic to Madagascar. Have a maximum length of carapace 15 inches;
- South African star tortoises (geometric, mottled and knobby), inhabiting South Africa;
European land (bordered by Mediterranean, Balkan and Egyptian) with a maximum carapace length of 35 cm;
- turtles-kinksy (gear kiniks, smooth);
- Central Asian turtle.

The last kind of turtle has a very interesting characteristic. Central Asian turtles can hiss like a snake-Viper.

## Lifespan tortoises

In addition to its famous slowness, tortoises distinguished and very long lifespan. So the representatives of some species can live for 50, 100, 120 or more years, depending on belonging to one of them, as well as the conditions and quality of life.

But the leaders of all the species are considered as giant tortoises, are endemic to the island of Aldabra.

In addition, they are very rare, individual members of this species live up to 150 years.

Best known in the animal world is the turtle Advaita, who died of old age in the night from 22 to 23 March 2006 at the age 150-250 years. An important indication of the lifespan of this animal is derived from authoritative sources evidence Jogesh Barman, Minister of agriculture of the state of West Bengal in India. The official maintained that the turtle was a favorite of Lord Clive, the hero of the Seven years ' war, took part in the East India trading company. The Englishman died in 1774, and the animal lived his last few years before the death of the Lord.
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