You will need
- aquarium or container;
- - gravel;
- - the water filter;
- - infrared and ultraviolet lamps;
- - feed.
If you decide to have slider turtle you should know the peculiarities of its behavior and the rules of it. At change of conditions of stay these turtles need time to acclimatize. During this period, they are usually hiding in his shell. After a while they begin to eat freely, the initial fear will disappear. However, remember that trachemys can be quite painful to bite. This happens when she feels fear. If you take a turtle in hand, to move it or just to see, be careful, hold it firmly in both hands. Do not drop the animal even from a small height, the injuries can be fatal. Do not take the turtle with dirty hands, wash them before and after you touch it.
As housing for turtles you can purchase a glass aquarium or plastic container, for these purposes fit a small baby bath. Remember that the turtle will grow, so it's wise to think about the size of her home. Better if it will initially be intended for adult. Make sure that the volume of the container was not less than 55 L. the Container should contain artificial pond, and the land prepared, for example, gravel. The sushi area must be sufficient to ensure that the tortoise can be placed in it, completely leaving the water. Also try to close the aquarium lid to prevent escaping of the animal.
The content of the red-eared terrapins requires maintaining a special microclimate. Ensure that the temperature was kept at 24C. To maintain this temperature you can use, for example, a heater or an infrared lamp. Also provide admission to the turtle enough light. In any case, do not leave container in direct sunlight, this can lead to overheating, do not exceed the optimum temperature (24C). Sunlight you can replace the ultraviolet lamp. In this case, you must ensure that the cycles of day and night, including turning off a lamp at a certain time.
The content of the red-eared terrapins makes it extremely important to care as the water in which it lives. Maintain its temperature in the range from 24 to 30. Do not drop temperatures below this range, it may have a negative impact on animal health. Water is a good breeding ground for different bacteria, so it is important to maintain its purity. Regularly change the water in the container, be sure to use decorator if you are using tap water. Completely change the water and the contents of the aquarium at least once in two months. To maintain the purity of the water you can also use special filters.
Food slider turtles depends on their age. The young of these reptiles eat only plant foods, adults are generally omnivorous. Try also to use a separate container for feeding, if possible, after meals it will be fairly dirty. Nutrition should be balanced, do not use for their feeding exclusively food purchased, it needs to be no more than 25% of their diet, give them the same amount of protein (worms, moths, etc.). In addition, at least half of their diet should be plant foods, it can be fruits and vegetables without seeds and pits. Be sure to use special supplements vitamins. Add them to your food two times a week.
Advice 2 : How to know how old land turtle
Turtles are one of the most amazing animals on which almost timeless. Experts say that over the last 200 million years turtleshave not changed, neither externally nor by its way of life. Many people are fond of growing tortoises in homes as Pets. Special care these slow-moving creatures are not require and their life expectancy can be a tenyearsOia.
The turtles are the real long-livers of the animal world. Many of them live up to 150 years and even longer. Do you know how many years your household pet? In fact, to accurately determine the age of tortoises is almost impossible, but the approximate number of years you can determine by using the following advice from experienced breeders.
The age of a turtle can be determined by the size of her carapace. The turtle continues to grow throughout life, her carapace becomes longer, as well as significantly changing shape. In turtles in age there are more long claws and a long tail. If you have brought the Central Asian land tortoise, the ratio of the age and length she's next. Newborn turtle reaches a length of from 3 to 3.5 inches and weighs about 10-12 grams. At the age of one year, the turtle reaches a length of 4.5-5 inches and weighs 25-35 g. In 2 years the turtle reaches a 5.5-6 cm and weight in 48-65 grams in 3 years - 7,5-9 cm and weight 95, stops 150 g,in 10 years- a length of 15 cm and a weight of 150 g. the growth Rate of turtles in the home depends on the size of the terrarium, forage quality, special additives and other factors.
The second method of determining the age of a turtle is counting the rings on the top shell ( in the scientific language it is called a carapace). Select one of the scales on the carapace and count how many it has rings and grooves. For a more accurate determination of age you can count the number of striations at several scales and then find the arithmetic mean. In one year the turtles are formed by the grooves 2-3 depending on feeding and lifestyle. Young turtles rings grow much faster than animals at the age. In addition, the number of rings depends on how often does a turtle goes into hibernation. In older turtles, the carapace becomes smoother, and the rings gradually fade.
Advice 3 : How to determine the age of tortoises
Many modern people choose as Pets are not cats or fluffy faithful dogs and not even the colourful parrots, but most of these tortoises. With proper and careful care of these extraordinary reptiles can live at home under 50. Most often, land turtles fall into the caring hands of their owners as adults. Therefore, not every owner of a reptile can say with certainty how old it pet. In fact, to determine the age of a land turtle is not so difficult.
To find out the age of a turtle from its weight and size. Usually born turtles growth of 30-34 mm and a weight of 10-12 g. the year of living tortoises grow to 48-52 mm, and weight them by this time ranges from 25 to 35 In two years, the reptile reaches a size 56-60 mm and weighs around 48-65, a three-year Growth of tortoises 75-90 mm, weight 95, stops 150 G. ten years of life the turtle grows right up to 13-16 cm Despite the fact that the young tortoises grow quite quickly, when the length of the carapace is 18 cm, their growth is much slower and often stops altogether. Although in nature there are species that reach 25-28 cm in length. By the way, adult females usually larger than males by 2-3cm.
Owners of tortoises must also be aware that their Pets depend directly on the conditions of detention, the spaciousness of the cage, diet, frequency of feeding and adding to the feed of calcium.
To determine the age of tortoises and in the number of rings on its shell. They usually appear already at the early age of reptiles, when she isn't. During this period, and is the most active growth of the tortoises. For the year on the same scale shell formed by 2-3 rings. Thus, the older the tortoise the more smooth it becomes a shell. Annual rings at the same fade and become less bright.
To determine the age of the land turtles, more precisely, it is possible to count annual rings on several scales of the carapace, and then find their mean value.
But this method of determining the age of tortoises can't be considered 100% correct. Because the number of rings on the scales of the carapace, amazing reptiles also depends on the conditions of detention and the number of its spaces, and forage quality.
Advice 4 : How to determine the form of a turtle
Turtles are the most popular and beloved animals, which you can keep at home. Especially to mess with them like children. These reptiles live a very long time; there are cases when the tortoises are inherited. Basically any turtles you can make a home, land or freshwater.
Before getting a turtle, read the relevant literature about their types. Depend on created for the pet conditions and the type of feed.
Just buy the aquarium and equip it with heat and light, especially if you buy a turtle native to warm lands.
Go to buy pet in the pet store. The vendors there will tell you how to keep the acquired form of a turtle.
If you decide to make a purchase at a poultry market, first learn to recognize a particular type of turtle. Not so many types, suitable for the maintenance in Russia.
The most popular turtle, contained in the domestic terrariums, pond slider. Look at her head. It should be green with red spots on the ears; the spots may be orange or yellow. Ask the seller where brought turtle. Basically, these representatives are imported from U.S. turtle farms.
Get ready to feed the slider turtle plant food, fish. Despite the fact that the freshwater turtle, keep it on land. The aquarium will buy a large because the adult reaches up to 30 cm in length.
You will see a black turtle with yellow spots or stripes, you know that this is a common turtle that lives in the southern territory of Russia. It has quite a long tail (10 cm). This species is listed in the Red book, the sale of turtles prohibited. In the apartment of the turtles fall, being brought back after a day at the resort.
Be careful when buying far Eastern Softshell. This green turtle with a long neck aggressively. Her carapace is covered by skin with dark spots. Distinctive features of the tortoises are a small proboscis on the snout and three claws on each paw. Keep specimen in the aquatic environment, feed fish.
Please note that the content in the wrong conditions the animals often die.
Advice 5 : How to know the age of the tortoises
Land turtles live on average in captivity is about 40 years. With proper care and the absence of disease turtle can live at home more than 50 years. How to determine the age of a turtle, which recently became your pet?
To give detailed information about agee the tortoise and the intricacies of its content - the task of breeders. But they are not always able to accurately determine age. There are only a couple ways to do it. One of them is to measure the length of the carapace. Put the shell of a ruler and record the distance of the farthest apart dots. Compare the results. Newborn land turtles are born the size of a little more than 3 cm To one-year-old agetheir carapace grows to 5 cm, for two-year-old up to 6 cm In 3 years, the size increases to 8 cm, 4 to 10 cm 5 to 12 cm, 6 to 14 cm depending on forage quality, level of daily intake of calcium and conditions of the turtles, their growth may reach large sizes, but rarely exceed 18 see Land turtlesliving in the wild reach almost 30 cm in size.
Carefully consider the number of rings on the shell. The first of them appear closer to one year old age. It was during this period tortoise is growing most rapidly. During the first year of life on the shell there are 2-3 rings. In each subsequent year, as a rule, are formed even at 1 or 2. In turtles long-lived they fade much with ageω be smooth. It should be noted that this method of determining ageand works in conjunction with the first, and entirely on his results should not be relied upon.
Land turtles become sexually Mature by 5-6 years in the wild to 10 years. In females, the process begins later than males. During this time, the carapace of both sexes acquires an elongated shape and dark. The males grow long claws and tail, they become more aggressive toward each other and pay more attention to the females. But when good conditions of puberty can occur much earlier, therefore this method is not accurate and is not taken into account without the first two.