Advice 1: How to shift gears on a truck

Freight cars KAMAZ equipped with two types of five-speed boxes change gear: ordinary intended for use on trucks; and with the divider to equip long-haul tractors working in the composition of heavy trucks. And if the inclusion of steps in the mechanisms of the first type occurs, as in most other similar devices, in the second case, there are some nuances.
How to shift gears on a truck
You will need
  • - car KAMAZ transmission with a divider.
Instruction
1
To driving a truck not much more complicated in comparison with a passenger car. But before to get under way and feel like a true professional, stay comfortable in the driver's seat and put his right hand on the lever of switching of stages in the gearbox. Rock it from side to side and feel that moving to himself in the extreme left position required more physical effort in overcoming the short cut is a zone of inclusion the first stage, and reversing that rarely use. Try to include, not letting the engine. Feel the depth of stroke of the lever and try to put it in your memory. Nedovrsena stage during a pick-up loaded cars from a place can "break" checkpoint.
2
Note the small lever on the side arm of the transmission lever, with its help you can control the divisor of the transmission. It has two positions: upper and lower. The name of the unit speaks for itself. In fact, it splits each gear transmission in two: creating low and high modes, the gear ratios of the transmission. The checkbox can click at any moment you please, harm to the aggregates will not do. Mode divider is connected only after the clutch release.
3
Try to touch the truck. Start the engine and raise the air pressure in the system up to 7.5 atmospheres. Move the check box divider down, squeeze the clutch pedal and moving the gearshift down, turn on the second (lower) level in the transaxle. Seamlessly move from your place and, without removing his hands from the lever, turn the box divider to the top position.
4
After a set of engine while driving 2200 rpm on the tachometer, then disconnect it literally for a moment, the clutch and turn on the enhanced mode of the second transmission (the box was the one you moved earlier), and once the lever divider is moved to the lower position.
5
Speeding, disconnect the clutch and move the gearshift lever up, the transition to third level in reduced mode divider. Check – up, and so on until you get to the fifth increased.

Advice 2: How to switch gears on the machine

Many novice motorists, purchasing a car with a manual transmission, you are faced with a small quandary: how to switch gears. The habit can often "burn through" the engine, or simply to stall. Consider the algorithm shift.
How to switch gears on the machine
You will need
  • — a car with a manual transmission
Instruction
1
Every engine, whether carburetor or fuel injected, has its own working speed which machine is best "pulls" quickly and smoothly accelerates when gas pedal is pressed. It depends on the engine size, its capacity, the quality of the fuel mixture and other factors. Usually this period is between 2500-3500 rpm. At the end of the "working" period is the point at which you want to enable the next gear, and in the beginning it is a time when you need to switch to the previous one.
2
Let's get to practice. For example, the car is running and is in neutral. Fully squeeze the clutch pedal and turn the first gear (lever to the left, then forward), add the gas to 1,500-2,000 rpm (this figure is highly dependent on the engine) and simultaneously gradually releasing the clutch. Don't drop the clutch abruptly, otherwise there is a risk of stalling, or the movement will be intermittent, spasmodic. Well, started.
3
In first gear don't usually go, it is very short. As soon as you moved off and drove a few meters, the engine speed has reached a value of 2000-2500 per minute, can be switched to second gear. This must be done quickly and smoothly, in one motion. Gas off, at the same time squeeze the clutch pedal to the end, pull the lever on itself and slightly to the left. Then in one motion smoothly bring the RPMs up to 1500-2000, at the same time releasing the clutch pedal. In this case, driving should continue with the acceleration, the car does not have to "dig" nose. If still there is a failure after the switch, then you are either too abruptly released the clutch, or not picked up the momentum after the inclusion of transfer.
4
On the second and third gear is good to continue the acceleration, keeping the revs in the "working" range of the engine. If you need to dramatically accelerate, it is possible to promote a stronger engine, longer than the moving one. But if you drive safely, the most important thing is to smoothly shift gears and not twisting the engine. Over time you will learn how to "catch" the right moment to change gear for upshifts or downshifts. Prior to this, it is recommended to drive calmly, not including the music or follow the tachometer.
Note
When the aggressive driving style don't use first gear to accelerate better for a second. Do not remove the engine until the "red zone" (6-7 thousand rpm), otherwise the motor will not last you a long time.
If the car is new, the first two thousand kilometres of run makes sense to refrain from harsh acceleration and spin the engine over 3500 rpm.
Useful advice
Reverse gear shift (when you slow down) occurs in a similar way, but the grip is recommended to go slower because you are not always able to calculate the ratio of rpm and speed, with the risk of "strain" the motor or dramatically slow down. Thus the brake lights will not light up, and the next car may not slow down.

Advice 3: How to switch gears without clutch

If you are just learning to drive, you probably will experience some discomfort when using a manual transmission. However, we must remember that the correct speed is the key to longer life of the engine. To change gears, you need a clutch pedal, but you can get into a situation when you have to do without it.
How to switch gears without clutch
Instruction
1
Of course, when you use automatic transmission (automatic transmission gear), the gear change does not take your attention. Clutch pedal and linkage are missing. Although the machine has one drawback, which could become a hindrance at high speed while overtaking. When you step on the gas, the tachometer needle is suspended, and the speed does not switch quickly throw off gas and push again several times translational motions. Provided that you need to lose speed, obstacles and difficulties do not happen – just release the gas, the speed will happen if the right amount of revs. Those who prefer sports driving, aim to choose a car with automatic transmission with sport mode Tiptronic.
2
When you use manual transmission (manual gear box) and drive, for example, in third gear, to switch to a higher gear (fourth) turn on the neutral. In order to do this, release the gas for a few seconds and move the gearshift to the neutral position. Then move the gear shift lever to upshift, it is necessary to keep the lever in the tension. When the engine speed and the speed gears coincide, the transfer will be included. Thus, it is possible to shift gears without the clutch elevated in all types of vehicles with a manual transmission.
3
If you are using a manual transmission, traveling in third gear and you need to switch to the second, push the lever to the neutral position, as described in the previous paragraph. After you need to have a "blipping" and at the same time to include a lower gear (second). Thus it is possible to shift gears without the clutch down all types of vehicles with a manual transmission.
4
If you are a beginner and do not have a "sense engine" and a certain natrenirovannosti, you are not recommended such methods of shifting. If you do something wrong, damage can occur to the transmission. Use the tips on gear shifting without clutch is desirable only in case of emergency.
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