You will need
- - cabbage seeds,
- - box for seedlings,
- cups for seedlings,
- - water,
- - potassium permanganate,
- - fertilizers,
- - watering can or sprinkler,
- - spray bottle.
Potting mix for seedlings should contain a lot of soluble nutrients and to be very specific heat, light, loose, permeable; it is prepared from fresh humus and sod land with the addition of peat. After 9 - 10 days after seeding the seedlings are placed in separate cups and put the house on the windowsill. Before that cabbage watering solution of potassium permanganate.
When there are two true leaves, the seedlings of cabbage begin to spray with a solution consisting of water, a complex of vitamins and minerals. In the future, seedlings in cups should be regularly watered with water at room temperature.
Two weeks before planting cabbage in the open ground its hardened - refers to the balcony or into the greenhouse with a temperature of around five degrees Celsius, but at night returned to the house. At the beginning of hardening vegetable is sprayed with a solution of urea and potassium sulphate – one tablespoon per 10 liters of water. On one plant only has about a Cup of this tool.
A week before planting vegetable in the garden it ceases to pour. Plenty of water is necessary only for the two hours prior to placing the plants in the garden. Early cabbage watered profusely in June and late in August. Evening watering is most effective. The water temperature needs to be above 18 degrees.
Before planting cabbage for preservation of soil moisture, which is so fond of this vegetable, spend harrowing of seedbeds. After placing in the ground the plants watered every 3 - 4 days for two weeks with 5 – 6 litres of water per square meter. Subsequent irrigation can be carried out on a weekly basis, but for 12 - 15 liters of water per square meter. The most effective watering techniques - the start of water along the furrow, watering can, or using the special sprinkler installation. In particularly hot days it is recommended to spray over beds in the sun warmed water from a spray bottle.
The lack of water in the soil slows the ripening of the vegetable. It sheds its leaves and stops growing. Due to irregular flows of water, especially with the extremes of drought and abundant watering, cabbages crack.
After each watering and after rain is required to loosen the beds of cabbage to a depth of 5 - 8cm.