You will need
- - Lac;
- - alcohol-denatured;
- - varnish;
- - linseed oil;
- - turpentine;
- - sponge or cloth.
Polish only well-dried painted surface. This is usually done with alcohol. However, when applied pyroxylin varnish coating, use the polishing paste and polishing the water. Use this method of processing and fixing of the varnish finish grained wood: maple, yew, mahogany and sycamore.
Perform polishing according to the following scheme: first, apply the varnish with a special swabs thin layers. Repeat this process three times, waiting each time drying the coating. The first portion, apply a thick layer, then sand with a pumice stone or a special powder on its basis until luster is obtained. After drying for 3 days. Then you need to apply a second batch of material, but without the sanding to get smooth Shine. Besides, this part of the polishing must also remove all small imperfections on the wood. Dried it for about 5 days. Apply a third portion in the form of a liquid varnish, which brings the surface to a mirror Shine. After all finally Polish the usual alcohol without varnish.
Can furniture Polish to use not only alcohol, but also oil, wax and shellac. So, for example, linseed oil (natural linseed oil in combination with turpentine especially well suited for processing hard wood, e.g. oak. RUB it need until then, until it cease to absorb. Then you have to leave for a few hours, after which the excess should be removed.
If you want to use the wax to Polish your furniture, then apply it directly on top of the tree. It is best suitable for this purpose beeswax mixed with turpentine to a state of a soft paste. Apply a thick layer and allow to dry. And after buff to a Shine.
In the processing of patent furniture Polish is especially beautiful Shine, however, work with him quite difficult. And remember that surfaces treated with shellac, you need to protect from exposure to sunlight (he cracks) and from contact with alcohol (it dissolves the coating). Polishing of shellac should be applied fast in a circular motion. If it is poorly absorbed, then mix the material with linseed oil. Shellac usually dries during the day. After which the surface should be carefully and moderately wipe with alcohol-denatured alcohol.
Advice 2: How to repaint a polished furniture
Polished the furniture , even the good quality over time, covered with spots and tarnish. Painting is probably the most affordable method of transformation of the cabinets, drawers and other polished interior.
You will need
- A piece of furniture, a screwdriver, degreaser, wood putty, sandpaper medium and fine grits, heat gun, putty knife, wire brush, primer, paint, roller, brush.
Guide the preparatory work. Free piece of furniture that you are going to repaint. Remove the doors and shelves, remove the fasteners (hinges, hooks). Thoroughly degrease the polished surface with detergent or alcohol. Carefully inspect the furniture for the presence of chips, cracks, scratches. If you find them, be sure to repair. Carefully remove the cracked varnish around the damaged area, fill the chip a carpentry filler. When the composition is completely dry, treat the place with sandpaper fine grit.
There are two ways custom polished furniture. If you have a building dryer can fully remove the paint from the surface. Very carefully heat the paint and scrape it bit by bit with a spatula. So treat every detail. Next, clear the wood from layer of stains, use sandpaper medium grain. With a stiff brush, swipe with the dust left after sanding. Again, degrease the treated surface.
If building dryer at hand was not, you can resort to another method. After the removal of chips and defects with putty, carefully apply polished all of the furniture with sandpaper fine grit. Lacquer finish is ready for painting if it was matte and covered the risk from the sandpaper. Then also get away with a stiff brush from dust. And start decorating previously again Alesgerov surface.
Apply a coat of primer for wood. Prime and sand the inner elements of the drawers, doors and cabinets. Wait until the primer has dried. With the help of emery paper fine grit Polish of the decorated object.
The next step - painting. For this purpose you can use paint, varnish, stain. Regarding colors there are no clear rules, which should cover the polished furniture. There is a cover with a rather sharp smell, but drying. You will need a roller or brush. Carefully paint all parts, making sure to leave no gaps or streaks. Once the paint is completely dry, carefully inspect all surfaces and, if necessary, apply a second coat.
Drawers, doors and shelves of paint on the table, pre-covered with plastic wrap.
Advice 3: How to Polish stone
Polishing is the final process of stone processing, in which the surface acquires a mirror finish, reveals the figure, color and structure of the breed. Typically, the stone is polished with special devices and in several stages.
Before you Polish the stone, it is necessary to perform a polishing to remove all traces after the cutting of the stone. Grinding can be divided into three operations: roughing (coarse polishing), polishing and lapping - polishing. If you have no machine to process the stones do the grinding on the glass.
To do this, take the glass (thickness 6-10 mm), and pour abrasive powder, moisten it with water and do the grinding in a circular motion. For grinding you can use fine-grained sandpaper. If you are going to grind the stone on the machine, use a circle of cast iron, copper or lead. Make sure that the surface of these circles was flat and smooth.
To make polishing on the lathe, remove the faceplate, then a protective (plastic) body and thoroughly with soap and a brush wash them. The cleaned parts set re to the place, buff fasten, sprinkle the round pinch of the powder, moisten the powder with water and spread it in a circle. As the polishing powders can use aluminum, zinc, chromium oxide, diamond dust. Turn on the motor and Polish the stone. But for polishing stone the machine you can use felt, thick felt or cloth. Make of these materials are circles with a thickness of 10-20 mm and mount them on a cast iron faceplate with shellac, a wax, a mixture of wax with rosin, or pitch, but is sandwiched between the metal and a polished sheet material is rubber. Before polishing felt, felt, cloth circles slightly moisten. During grinding or polishing, stone hold and press down gently, the hand movement should be directed against the rotation of the circle.
If you need to Polish hard stones such as granite, Jasper, and use the circles made of wood alder, aspen, poplar or beech. But make sure that they are rotated at a speed of 200 rpm, since at low speed buffing produces the best quality. The gems of the same type have different polishing ability. Each stone must be individually number and combination of powders, the rotation speed of the drive pressure.
To check the polishing quality of stone, polished finish wipe with a clean cloth, stand near the electric bulb and try it on the surface of the stone to reflect a hair burning lamp. If the reflection is seen, it means the polishing was successful.If you don't have the polishing tools, polishing stone replace varnishing with the use of colorless nail Polish.
Advice 4: How to paint polished furniture
The appearance of your polished furniture does not cause you delight. She was covered with stains and faded. So, it's time to update it. Painting is the most affordable way to transform cabinets, dressers and other polished items.
You will need
- - paint;
- - sandpaper;
- - screwdriver;
- - ;spatula, brush, roller
- - composition for etching;
- - primer;
- - washing powder;
- - means for processing wood.
First conduct preparatory work. Remove doors and shelves. Remove the fasteners from the furniture (hooks, doorknobs, hinges).
Clean the disassembled parts. For paint removal, immerse them in the composition for etching. Good rinse all parts and dry. Solution of detergent, rinse all internal and external surfaces of furniture.
Now, prepare the surface of the furniture for painting. Remove the old coating. With the construction of the hair dryer warm up the top layer of the coating. Start with small sections.
Take the spatula and gently remove the old varnish. Be careful not to damage the surface of the furniture, otherwise it will deteriorate its appearance and add extra work.
Sand surface with a sanding machine or sandpaper. For convenience, attach it to the bar.
Treat the surface of the furniture, making a circular movement until, until it becomes rough and opaque. The exposed wood structure process protective equipment – insecticides and fungicides.
The old furniture sometimes you can find the chips and deep scratches. Take joiner's putty and apply all defects. Repair place needed a good clean.
Apply a coat of primer for wood. Don't forget to primed and sanded the inner elements of the cabinets. Wait until dry. Take fine sandpaper and Polish the surface of the furniture.
Polished furniture paint alkyd paint. Start with in-depth planes. Apply paint on the upper inner wall part, and further on the sidewalls and bottom.
The outer surface of furniture paint with a roller. Be careful not to leave gaps and streaks. If necessary, apply a second coat of paint. Drawers, shelves and doors paint on the table, which is pre-cover with plastic wrap.